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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1530s 1540s 1550s – 1560s – 1570s 1580s 1590s|
|Years:||1566 1567 1568 – 1569 – 1570 1571 1572|
|1569 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2322|
|Bahá'í calendar||−275 – −274|
|English Regnal year||11 Eliz. 1 – 12 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
4265 or 4205
— to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4266 or 4206
|- Vikram Samvat||1625–1626|
|- Shaka Samvat||1491–1492|
|- Kali Yuga||4670–4671|
|Japanese calendar||Eiroku 12
|Minguo calendar||343 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2112|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1569.|
- January 11–May 6 – The first recorded lottery in England is performed nonstop at the west door of St Paul's Cathedral. Each share costs ten shillings and proceeds are used to repair harbours and for other public works.
- March 13 – Battle of Jarnac: Royalist troops under Marshal Gaspard de Tavannes surprise and defeat the Huguenots under the Prince of Condé, who is captured and murdered. A substantial proportion of the Huguenot army manages to escape under Gaspard de Coligny.
- June 10 – German Protestant troops reinforce Coligny near Limoges.
- July 1 – The Union of Lublin unites the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth following votes in the Assemblies of three Lithuanian provinces (Volhynia, Ukraine and Podlasie) in favour of the incorporation.
- July–September – Huguenot forces under Coligny and 15 year-old Prince Henry of Navarre besiege Poitiers.
- August 24 – Battle of Orthez: Huguenot forces under Gabriel de Montgomery defeat Royalist forces under General Terride in French Navarre. Catholics surrender under the condition that their lives will be spared. Huguenots agree, but then massacre the Catholics anyway.
- September – A Royalist army under the Duc d'Anjou and Marshal Tavannes forces Coligny to abandon the siege of Poitiers.
- October 3 – Battle of Moncountour: The Royalist forces of Tavannaes and Anjou defeat Coligny's Huguenots.
- November–December – Rising of the North in England: Three northern Earls lead a rebellion against Queen Elizabeth I in an attempt to place the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots, on the English throne but are driven out of the country.
- The Mercator projection is first used in Gerardus Mercator's world map Nova et Aucta Orbis Terrae Descriptio ad Usum Navigantium Emendata.
- Damcar appears on the Mercator map or Arabia.
- The trade compact of 1536 is renewed, exempting French merchants from Ottoman law and allowing them to travel, buy and sell throughout the sultan's dominions and to pay low customs duties on French imports and exports.
- Akbar founds Fatehpur Sikri to honor the Muslim holy man Shaikh Salim Chisti, who has foretold the birth of Akbar's son and heir, Jahangir.
- April 10 – Emilia of Nassau, daughter of William the Silent (d. 1629)
- April 16 – John Davies, English poet and lawyer (d. 1626)
- July 30 – Karl I, Prince of Liechtenstein (d. 1627)
- August 31 – Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1627)
- September – Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, one of the translators of the King James Bible (d. 1626)
- October 18 – Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (d. 1625)
- date unknown
- January 15 – Catherine Carey lady in waiting to Elizabeth I (b.1524)
- March 13 – Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French Protestant general (b. 1530)
- May 10 – John of Avila, Spanish mystic and saint (b. 1500)
- May 16 – Dirk Willems, Dutch Anabaptist martyr
- September 5 – Edmund Bonner, Bishop of London (b. c. 1500)
- September 9 – Pieter Brueghel the Elder, Flemish painter
- October 9 – Vladimir of Staritsa, Russian prince (b. 1533)
- December 10 – Paul Eber, theologian (b. 1511)
- December 12 – Metropolitan Philip of Moscow (b. 1507)
- date unknown – António Ferreira, Portuguese poet (b. 1528)