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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1570 1571 1572 – 1573 – 1574 1575 1576|
|1573 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2326|
|English Regnal year||15 Eliz. 1 – 16 Eliz. 1|
— to —癸酉年十二月初八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1629–1630|
|- Shaka Samvat||1495–1496|
|- Kali Yuga||4674–4675|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||573–574|
|Japanese calendar||Genki 4Tenshō 1
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1573 MDLXXIII|
|Minguo calendar||339 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2116|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1573|
- January – Articles of the Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland.
- January 25 – Japan – Battle of Mikatagahara: Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
- January 28 – The Croatian and Slovenian peasant revolt breaks out against the oppressive nobility; the revolt is quelled violently by February 15; Matija Gubec, leader of the rebellion, is publicly executed in Zagreb.
- February–March – The Siege of Noda occurs in Japan.
- May 11–16 – The Duke of Anjou is elected to the throne of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Polish nobility.
- July 6 – Córdoba, Argentina, is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
- July 12 – Siege of Haarlem: Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva capture Haarlem after a seven-month siege.
- July – Edict of Boulogne signed by Charles IX of France, granting limited rights to Huguenots and ending the Fourth War of Religion in France.
- August – Alva begins to besiege Alkmaar in North Holland.
- August 27 – Oda Nobunaga drives the 15th Ashikaga shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaki out of Kyoto, effectively destroying the Ashikaga shogunate and historically ending the Muromachi and Sengoku periods. The Azuchi-Momoyama period of Japan begins.
- September 8–September 16 – Siege of Hikida, Siege of Ichijō ga dani in Japan: The Asakura clan is eliminated by Oda Nobunaga.
- September 22–September 26 – Siege of Odani in Japan: The Azai clan is eliminated by Oda Nobunaga.
- October 8 – The Spanish abandon the siege of the city of Alkmaar.
- November 15 – Santa Fe, Argentina, is founded by Juan de Garay.
- November – Alva resigns as Spanish Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in the Netherlands, and is succeeded by Luis de Requesens, who attempts to pursue a more conciliatory policy.
- Sarsa Dengel, emperor of Ethiopia, defeats the Oromo in a battle near Lake Zway.
- The first Spanish galleon, laden with silver for the porcelain and silk trade with the Ming Dynasty of China, lands at Manila in the Philippines. This occasion marks the beginning of the Spanish silver trade to China that will trump that of the Portuguese, the latter of whom acted as an intermediary between the silver mines of Japan and the luxury items in China to be purchased with that silver. Most of the silver entering China comes from what is now Mexico, Bolivia, and Peru in the New World.
- The Portuguese are expelled from the Maldives.
- Turkish New Hammam (Török Fürdö) built in Çorum Province.
- Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School for Boys, Barnet, England, is formed.
- January 10 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (d. 1624)
- January 18 – Ambrosius Bosschaert, Dutch painter (d. 1621)
- April 17 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1651)
- April 26 – Marie de' Medici, queen of Henry IV of France (d. 1642)
- April 28 – Charles de Valois, Duke of Angoulême, natural son of Charles IX of France (d. 1650)
- June – Juan Pau Pujol, Catalan composer and organist (d. 1626)
- July 15 – Inigo Jones, English architect (d. 1652)
- July 25 – Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and Jesuit (d. 1650)
- October 7 – William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1645)
- November 29 – Johannes Canuti Lenaeus, archbishop of Uppsala (d. 1669)
- December 6 – Odoardo Farnese, Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy (d. 1626)
- date unknown
- January 12 – William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham, English Lord High Admiral (b. 1510)
- March 13 – Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman (b. 1505)
- May 13 – Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (b. 1521)
- July – Étienne Jodelle, French dramatist and poet (b. 1532)
- July 16 – Wigbolt Ripperda, Mayor of Haarlem
- July 29 – John Caius, English physician (b. 1510)
- August 14 – Saitō Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord (b. 1548)
- September 16 – Asakura Yoshikage, Japanese warlord (b. 1533)
- September 23 – Azai Hisamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1524)
- October 27 – Laurentius Petri, first Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1499)
- November 9 – Shimazu Katsuhisa, Japanese nobleman (b. 1503)
- November 17 – Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, Spanish philosopher and theologian (b. 1494)
- December 30 – Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Italian novelist and poet (b. 1504)
- date unknown