157th Infantry Brigade (United States)

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157th Infantry Brigade
157thInfBde.jpg
Shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1917–1919
1963–1995
2006 – present
Country  United States
Branch U.S. Army
Type Infantry
Role Training
Size Brigade
Garrison/HQ Camp Atterbury
Battle honours World War 1: Meuse-Argonne
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Todd Zollinger
Notable
commanders
Brig. Gen. Harry J. Mier
Brig. Gen. Edwin D. Miller
Col. Richard B. Smith
Brig. Gen. Dean W. Meyerson
Brig. Gen. Talmadge J. Jacobs
Brig. Gen. Joseph M. Cannon
Brig. Gen. John L. Kotcho
Brig. Gen. William J. Collins Jr.
Brig. Gen. Eddi Z. Zyko
Brig. Gen. William J. Nicholson
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 157 Inf Bde DUI.jpg

The 157th Infantry Brigade is an active/reserve component (AC/RC) unit based at Camp Atterbury, Indiana. The unit is responsible for training selected United States Army Reserve and National Guard units. The unit was activated using the assets of the 5th Brigade, 87th Division. The brigade is a subordinate unit of First Army Division East.

Activation[edit]

The 79th Division "Liberty" Division, also known as the "Lorraine" Division, was a National Army division established 5 August 1917 by the War Department to be formed at Camp Meade, Maryland. The division was commanded by Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Kuhn. Draftees were from Pennsylvania and Maryland. Movement overseas commenced on 6 July 1918 and was completed by 3 August 1918. Primary units included the 157th Infantry Brigade, consisting of the 313th Infantry Regiment, 314th Infantry Regiment, and 311th Machine Gun Battalion. The 157th Infantry Brigade was commanded by Brig. Gen. William J. Nicholson. One the Army's most expert cavalry officers, he was seldom seen off his horse at Camp Meade.

Shrouded in secrecy, the brigade left from Hoboken, New Jersey in July 1918 on the SS Leviathan, a speedy ex-German liner that arrived at Brest, France the morning of 15 July 1918. They trained for two months at Champ Little behind the French lines. On 26 September 1918 they "went over the top" in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. In a period of heartbreaking losses, the men struggled through nine kilometers of barbed wire and pot-marked earth. They destroyed German defenses that were said to be impregnable.[1] That night they were on the outskirts of Montfaucon, headquarters of the enemy command. The 313th fought until the end, 11 November 1918. Gen. John J. Pershing commended the men of the 79th Division, and especially the 313th Infantry Regiment whose forces penetrated deeper into enemy territory then any other outfit.

The 157th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) was reactivated on 3 January 1963 in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania using assets from the inactivating 79th Infantry Division. It moved to Horsham on 31 January 1968, where it remained until its inactivation on 1 September 1995 during the post-Cold War drawdown. In 2006, as part of the Army's Transformation Plan, the 5th Brigade, 87th Division was reflagged as the 157th Infantry Brigade.

Organization from 1963 to 1995[edit]

  • In 1966 this Brigade consisted of 3 Infantry Battalions:namely, the 1/313th INF co-located Indiantown Gap Military Reservation (IGMR), since redesignated Fort Indiantown Gap (FIG), Annville, PA; and at Lock Haven, PA; the 1/314th INF (Mechanized)co-located at Bristol and Warrington, PA; the 1/315th INF located at 5200 Wissahickon Ave, Philadelphia, PA. It had 2 Armor Battalions at that time: namely, the 4/77th AR (location uncertain)and the 6/68th AR co-located at Bethlehem, PA and IGMR, PA. After the Arab-Israeli War of 1967, the 4/77th was disbanded, its armored vehicles sent to Israel to replace Israeli losses, and its personnel merged into the 6/68th Armor. That same year, the Brigade's 1/314th INF (Mechanized)lost its armored vehicles- primarily M578's, M113's, M59's and M577's all of which were also sent to Israel to replace their war losses. It was not until the summer of 1971 that the 1/314th INF was re-designated a Mechanized unit. By the summer of 1973 the 1/313th INF was disbanded with its personnel and company units redesignated as part of the 1/314th INF

The unit consisted of:

  • 157 Inf Bde DUI.jpg Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 157th Infantry Brigade – Horsham, Pennsylvania
  • 9 CAV DUI.png Troop C, 9th Cavalry – Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
  • 314INF-DUI.png 1st Battalion, 314th Infantry (Mechanized) – Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
  • 315 Inf Rgt DUI.png 1st Battalion, 315th Infantry (Mechanized) – Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 68 Arm Rgt DUI.jpg 6th Battalion, 68th Armor – Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
  • 42FARegtDUI.jpg 3rd Battalion, 42nd Field Artillery – Bristol, Pennsylvania
  • 157 Spt Bn DUI.jpg 157th Support Battalion – Edgemont, Pennsylvania
  • 420th Engineer Company – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Organization[edit]

The unit is currently composed of:[2]

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 157th Infantry Brigade – Camp Atterbury, Indiana
  • 345 Inf Rgt DUI.png 1st Battalion, 345th Regiment – Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • 307 Inf Rgt DUI.png 2nd Battalion, 307th Regiment – Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • 337 INF DUI.png 2nd Battalion, 337th Regiment
  • 338 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg 2nd Battalion, 338th Regiment
  • 345 Inf Rgt DUI.png 2nd Battalion, 345th Regiment – Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • 347 Inf Rgt DUI.png 2nd Battalion, 347th Regiment – Fort Gordon, Georgia
  • 289 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg 2nd Battalion, 289th Regiment - Camp Atterbury, Indiana
  • 338 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg 3rd Battalion, 338th Regiment

For further information see The Brigade, A History by John J. McGrath from the Combat Studies Institute Press, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army as Headquarters, 158th Infantry Brigade, and assigned to the 79th Division

Organized 25 August 1917 at Camp Meade, Maryland

Demobilized 7 June 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey

Reconstituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 157th Infantry Brigade, and assigned to the 79th Division

Organized in November 1921 at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

Redesignated 23 March 1925 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 157th Brigade

Redesignated 24 August 1936 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 157th Infantry Brigade

Converted and redesignated 12 February 1942 as the 79th Reconnaissance Troop (less 3d Platoon), 79th Division (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 158th Infantry Brigade, concurrently converted and redesignated as the 3d Platoon, 79th Reconnaissance Troop, 79th Division)

Troop ordered into active military service 15 June 1942 and reorganized at Camp Pickett, Virginia, as the 79th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, an element of the 79th Division (later redesignated as the 79th Infantry Division)

Reorganized and redesignated 2 August 1943 as the 79th Reconnaissance Troop, Mechanized

Inactivated 11 December 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey

Activated 28 January 1947 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as the 79th Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop

(Organized Reserves redesignated 25 March 1948 as the Organized Reserve Corps; redesignated 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve)

Reorganized and redesignated 15 July 1949 as the 79th Reconnaissance Company

Inactivated 20 April 1959 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Converted and redesignated (less 3d Platoon) 5 November 1962 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 157th Infantry Brigade, and relieved from assignment to the 79th Infantry Division (3d Platoon, 79th Reconnaissance Company, concurrently redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 158th Infantry Brigade – hereafter separate lineage)

Brigade activated 7 January 1963 at Upper Darby, Pennsylvania

Location changed 31 January 1968 to Horsham, Pennsylvania

Inactivated 1 September 1995 at Horsham, Pennsylvania

Withdrawn 24 October 1997 from the Army Reserve and allotted to the Regular Army; Headquarters concurrently activated at Fort Jackson, South Carolina

Inactivated 16 October 1999 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina

Activated 1 December 2006 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina

Campaign Credit[edit]

World War I
World War II
  • Normandy
  • Northern France
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-Alsace
  • Central Europe

Decorations[edit]

  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered PARROY FOREST
  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered NORMANDY TO PARIS
  • French Croix de Guerre, World War II, Fourragère

References[edit]

  1. ^ McMaster, John Bach (1920). United States in the world war. Appleton. p. 130. 
  2. ^ "Official Homepage of the 157th Infantry Brigade". US Army. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document "Lineage & Honors for 157th Infantry Brigade".

External links[edit]