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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1550s 1560s 1570s – 1580s – 1590s 1600s 1610s|
|Years:||1583 1584 1585 – 1586 – 1587 1588 1589|
|1586 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2339|
|English Regnal year||28 Eliz. 1 – 29 Eliz. 1|
— to —丙戌年十一月廿二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1642–1643|
|- Shaka Samvat||1508–1509|
|- Kali Yuga||4687–4688|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||586–587|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 14
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||326 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2129|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1586|
Year 1586 (MDLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.
- June 16 – Mary, Queen of Scots, recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir.
- July 6 – The Treaty of Berwick is signed between Queen Elizabeth I of England and King James VI of Scotland.
- September 20–21 – Execution of the Babington Plotters: The 14 men convicted of the Babington Plot, which intended to murder Queen Elizabeth and replace her with Mary Stuart, were executed over two days in St Giles Field, London. They were all hung, drawn and quartered. The executions of the first seven traitors on 20 September was carried out in a particularly cruel way.
- September 22 – Battle of Zutphen: Spanish troops defeat the Dutch rebels and their English allies.
- November 19 – Henry Barrow, English Puritan and Separatist, is imprisoned.
- December 17 – The reign of Emperor Ogimachi of Japan ends and Emperor Go-Yozei ascends to the throne of Japan.
- Toyotomi Hideyoshi becomes grand minister of Japan.
- William Harrison becomes canon of Windsor.
- Simon Stevin, a Flemish mathematician, demonstrates that two objects of different weight fall with the same speed.
- St. Augustine, Florida, and Santo Domingo in the modern day Dominican Republic are plundered and burned by English sea captain Sir Francis Drake.
- Jacobus Gallus composes his motet O magnum mysterium.
- The first HMS Vanguard is launched in England.
- English explorer Thomas Cavendish begins his circumnavigation of the globe.
- The cities of Voronezh, Samara, and Tyumen in Russia are founded.
- January 1 – Pau Claris i Casademunt, Catalan ecclesiastic (d. 1641)
- January 20 – Johann Schein, German composer (d. 1630)
- April 17 – John Ford, English dramatist and poet (d. 1640)
- April 30 – Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)
- July 1 – Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (d. 1630)
- July 5 – Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (d. 1647)
- July 7 – Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English courtier (d. 1646)
- August 14 – William Hutchinson, founder of Rhode Island (d. 1642)
- August 17 – Johann Valentin Andrea, German theologian (d. 1654)
- October 9 – Archduke Leopold V of Austria, regent of Tyrol (d. 1632)
- December 6 – Niccolo Zucchi, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1670)
- date unknown
- January 25 – Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (b. 1515)
- March 20 – Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)
- March 24 – Margaret Clitherow, English Catholic saint and martyr (b. 1556)
- April 8 – Martin Chemnitz, Lutheran reformer (b. 1522)
- May 5 – Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1529)
- May 9 – Luis de Morales, Spanish religious painter (b. 1510)
- June 28 – Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
- July 12 – Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley (b. 1525)
- September 18 – Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1521)
- September 20
- September 21 – Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French church leader (b. 1517)
- October 17 – Sir Philip Sidney, English poet, courtier, and soldier (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1554)
- December 12 – Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)