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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1550s 1560s 1570s – 1580s – 1590s 1600s 1610s|
|Years:||1584 1585 1586 – 1587 – 1588 1589 1590|
|1587 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2340|
|English Regnal year||29 Eliz. 1 – 30 Eliz. 1|
— to —丁亥年十二月初三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1643–1644|
|- Shaka Samvat||1509–1510|
|- Kali Yuga||4688–4689|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||587–588|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 15
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||325 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2130|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1587|
- February 1 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signs the death warrant of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, after Mary is implicated in a plot to murder Elizabeth. Seven days later, on the orders of Elizabeth's privy council, Mary is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle.
- April 29 – "Singeing the King of Spain's Beard": On an expedition against Spain, English privateer Sir Francis Drake leads a raid in the Bay of Cádiz, sinking at least 23 ships of the Spanish fleet.
- July 22 – Colony of Roanoke: A group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
- August 18 – According to legend, Saul Wahl is named king of Poland.
- August 19
- August 27 – Governor John White leaves the Roanoke Colony to get more supplies from England.
- October 1 – Shāh ‘Abbās I "The Great" succeeds as Shahenshah of Iran.
- October 20 – Battle of Coutras: Huguenot forces under Henry of Navarre defeat Royalist forces under Anne de Joyeuse, favorite of King Henry. Joyeuse is killed.
- October 31 – Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
 Date unknown
- The first Filipinos in North America land in Morro Bay, near San Luis Obispo, California.
- The Rose (theatre) is founded in London by Philip Henslowe.
- Establishment of St. Dominic's Church (Macau).
- A severe famine breaks out in China during the Ming Dynasty.
- Toyotomi Hideyoshi attacks Kyūshū.
- January 5 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer and geographer (d. 1641)
- January 6 – Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (d. 1645)
- January 8 – Jan Pieterszoon Coen, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1629)
- February 26 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
- April 5 – Thomas Hobbes, English Philosopher (d. 1679)
- May 8 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
- June 2 – Willem Ysbrandtsz Bontekoe, Dutch sea captain (d. 1657)
- June 5 – Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, English colonial administrator and admiral (d. 1658)
- June 15 – Gabriel Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1640)
- June 21 – Kaspar von Barth, German philologist (d. 1658)
- July – George Yeardley, English colonial administrator in America (d. 1627)
- August 18 – Virginia Dare, Virginia colony settler, the first person of English parentage born in America (date of death unknown)
- September 18 – Francesca Caccini, Italian composer
- November 3 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (d. 1653)
- November 17 – Joost van den Vondel, Dutch dramatist and poet (d. 1679)
- date unknown
- January – Thomas Seckford, English official (b. 1515)
- February 8 – Mary, Queen of Scots (executed) (b. 1542)
- February 9 – Vincenzo Ruffo, Italian composer (b. 1510)
- March 15 – Kaspar Olevianus, German theologian (b. 1536)
- March 30 – Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
- April 8 – John Foxe, English author (b. 1516)
- April 14 – Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland (b. 1548)
- April 16 – Anne Stanhope, Duchess of Somerset (b. 1497)
- June 11 – Otomo Sorin, Japanese Christian daimyo (b. 1530)
- June 23 – Omura Sumitada, Japanese Christian daimyo (b. 1532)
- August 29 – Vincenzo Bellavere, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
- October 19 – Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
- date unknown
- probable – George Whetstone, English writer (b. 1544)