15 cm Kanone 16

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15 cm Kanone 16
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-291-1242-27, Frankreich-Belgien, bei Calais, Atlantikwall.jpg
Close up of a 15 cm Kanone 16 on the Atlantic Wall
Type Heavy field gun
Place of origin German Empire
Service history
In service 1917–45
Used by German Empire
Belgium
Nazi Germany
Wars World War I
World War II
Production history
Designer Krupp
Designed 1917
Manufacturer Krupp
Produced 1917–18
Variants 15 cm K 16 im Mrs. Laf.
Specifications
Weight 10,870 kilograms (23,960 lb)
Length 6.81 metres (20 ft)
Barrel length 6.41 metres (21 ft 0 in) L/43

Shell separate-loading, cased charge
Shell weight 51.4 kilograms (113 lb) (HE)
Caliber 149.3 mm (5.88 in)
Breech horizontal sliding block
Carriage box trail
Elevation -3° to +43°
Traverse
Rate of fire 3 rpm
Muzzle velocity 757 metres per second (2,480 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 22,000 metres (24,000 yd)

The 15 cm Kanone 16 (15 cm K 16) was a heavy field gun used by Germany in World War I and World War II. Guns turned over to Belgium as reparations after World War I were taken into Wehrmacht service after the conquest of the Belgium as the 15 cm K 429(b). It generally served on coast-defense duties during World War II.

Design[edit]

15 cm Kanone 16 in transport configuration. Photo taken in the Middle East.

The K 16 was a thoroughly conventional design for its day with a box trail, steel wheels for motor transport and a curved gunshield. The axle was suspended on a traverse leaf spring. For transport the barrel was generally detached from the recoil system and moved on its own trailer. In 1941 a small number of K 16 barrels were placed on 21 cm Mrs 18 carriages to become the 15 cm K 16 in Mrs Laf.

Ammunition[edit]

It fired 2 types of high-explosive shells, which differed only in which fuzes they could accept. It used a three part charge in its cartridge case. Charge 1 yielded a muzzle velocity of 555 metres per second (1,820 ft/s). Charge 2 replaced Charge 1 in the cartridge case and propelled the shell with a velocity of 696 metres per second (2,280 ft/s). Charge 3 was added to Charge 2 and raised the muzzle velocity to 757 metres per second (2,480 ft/s).[1]

See also[edit]

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hogg, pp. 82-3

References[edit]

  • Engelmann, Joachim and Scheibert, Horst. Deutsche Artillerie 1934-1945: Eine Dokumentation in Text, Skizzen und Bildern: Ausrüstung, Gliederung, Ausbildung, Führung, Einsatz. Limburg/Lahn, Germany: C. A. Starke, 1974
  • Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
  • Hogg, Ian V. German Artillery of World War Two. 2nd corrected edition. Mechanicsville, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997 ISBN 1-85367-480-X

External links[edit]