15th Army Group

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
15th Army Group
US 15th Army Group.png
15th Army Group Shoulder Insignia
Active 1943–1945
Country United Kingdom & United States,
numerous Allies attached
Allegiance Allies of World War II
Type Army Group
Role Army Group Headquarters
Size 2 Field Armies
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Harold Alexander
Mark W. Clark

The 15th Army Group was an army group of British and American field armies that included corps, divisions and brigades from numerous Allied forces (Canada, Indian, Poland, South Africa, Greece, Brazil and New Zealand) in World War II Africa and Europe.

History[edit]

15th Army Group was activated in 1943 in Algiers, North Africa, to plan the invasion of Sicily codenamed Operation Husky. Its main forces for this job were the British Eighth Army and the U.S. Seventh Army. Following the capture of Sicily the group became responsible for the invasion of mainland Italy for which the U.S. Seventh Army was replaced by U.S. Fifth Army. In January 1944 the army group was re-designated successively Allied forces in Italy and then Allied Central Mediterranean Force.

In March 1944 the army group was renamed Allied Armies in Italy. Throughout this period the army group was under command of the British General Harold Alexander. By late 1944 the army group had pushed northward through Italy, capturing Rome, and driving the retreating Axis forces into Northern Italy. In December, American Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark became the new commander and the army group was renamed 15th Army Group once again. The Axis forces in Italy were finally defeated in the army group's Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, their surrender taking place in May.

On 5 July 15th Army Group was reorganized and redesignated the US Occupational Forces Austria. The Headquarters Company II Corps, 11th Armored Division, 42nd Division and 65th Division, previously assigned to U.S. Third Army and 12th Army Group, were assigned on 6 July to the newly formed US Occupational Forces Austria, the commanding general of which was General Mark Clark.

Order of Battle[edit]

Order of Battle for 15th Army Group, August 1944

15th Army Group (General Sir Harold Alexander)

British Eighth Army

(Lieutenant-General Oliver Leese)

1st Armoured Division (Major-General Richard Hull)
4th Infantry Division (Major-General Dudley Ward)
4th Indian Infantry Division (Major-General Arthur Holworthy)
46th (West Riding) Infantry Division (Major-General John Hawkesworth)
56th (London) Infantry Division (Major-General J.Y. Whitfield)
25th Army Tank Brigade
1st Canadian Infantry Division (Major-General Christopher Vokes)
2nd New Zealand Division (Lieutenant-General Bernard Freyberg)
5th Canadian Armoured Division (Major-General Bert Hoffmeister)
21st Army Tank Brigade[1]
3rd Greek Mountain Brigade
3rd Carpathian Infantry Division (Major-General Bronisław Duch)
5th Kresowa Infantry Division (Major-General Nikodem Sulik)
2nd Armoured Brigade
10th Indian Infantry Division (Major-General Denys Reid)
9th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)
Fifth United States Army

(Lieutenant General Mark Clark)

34th Infantry Division (United States) (Major General Charles L. Bolte)
88th Infantry Division (United States) (Major General John E. Sloan)
91st Infantry Division (United States) (Major General Livesay)
6th (South African) Armoured Division (Major General Evered Poole)
85th Infantry Division (United States) (Major General John B. Coulter)
Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) (Major General Mascarenhas de Morais)
442nd Infantry Regiment (United States)
1st Infantry Division (Major-General Charles Loewen)
6th Armoured Division (Major-General Horatius Murray)
8th Indian Division (Major-General Dudley Russell)
Army Group Reserve
US 1st Armored Division (Major General V. E. Prichard)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Army Tank Brigade

External links[edit]