15th Army Group
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|15th Army Group|
15th Army Group Shoulder Insignia
|Country||United Kingdom & United States,
numerous Allies attached
|Allegiance||Allies of World War II|
|Role||Army Group Headquarters|
|Size||2 Field Armies|
Mark W. Clark
The 15th Army Group was an army group of British and American field armies that included corps, divisions and brigades from numerous Allied forces (Canada, Indian, Poland, South Africa, Greece, Brazil and New Zealand) in World War II Africa and Europe.
15th Army Group was activated in 1943 in Algiers, North Africa, to plan the invasion of Sicily codenamed Operation Husky. Its main forces for this job were the British Eighth Army and the U.S. Seventh Army. Following the capture of Sicily the group became responsible for the invasion of mainland Italy for which the U.S. Seventh Army was replaced by U.S. Fifth Army. In January 1944 the army group was re-designated successively Allied forces in Italy and then Allied Central Mediterranean Force.
In March 1944 the army group was renamed Allied Armies in Italy. Throughout this period the army group was under command of the British General Harold Alexander. By late 1944 the army group had pushed northward through Italy, capturing Rome, and driving the retreating Axis forces into Northern Italy. In December, American Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark became the new commander and the army group was renamed 15th Army Group once again. The Axis forces in Italy were finally defeated in the army group's Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, their surrender taking place in May.
On 5 July 15th Army Group was reorganized and redesignated the US Occupational Forces Austria. The Headquarters Company II Corps, 11th Armored Division, 42nd Division and 65th Division, previously assigned to U.S. Third Army and 12th Army Group, were assigned on 6 July to the newly formed US Occupational Forces Austria, the commanding general of which was General Mark Clark.
Order of Battle
Order of Battle for 15th Army Group, August 1944
- 1st Armoured Division (Major-General Richard Hull)
- 4th Infantry Division (Major-General Dudley Ward)
- 4th Indian Infantry Division (Major-General Arthur Holworthy)
- 46th (West Riding) Infantry Division (Major-General John Hawkesworth)
- 56th (London) Infantry Division (Major-General J.Y. Whitfield)
- 25th Army Tank Brigade
(Lieutenant General Mark Clark)
- Army Group Reserve
- US 1st Armored Division (Major General V. E. Prichard)
- Army Tank Brigade