15th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
Oppositionists Christian Rakovsky and Lev Kamenev held brief speeches in front of the Congress. Rakovsky's speech was interrupted fifty-seven times by his opponents—Nikolai Bukharin, Martemyan Ryutin, and Lazar Kaganovich. Although, unlike Rakovsky, Kamenev used the occasion to appeal for reconciliation, he was interrupted twenty-four times by the same group.
In this triumphant Congress, Stalin's power was consolidated, with the Trotskyists and all other leading oppositionists (like Rakovsky, Kamenev and Timofei Sapronov) expelled from the Party. The congress elected the 15th Central Committee.
- Fifteenth Congress of the CPSU (Bolshevik) in The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979)
- Lewis H. Siegelbaum, Soviet State and Society Between Revolutions, 1918–1929, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992, p.189-190. ISBN 978-0-521-36987-9
- Christian Rakovsky; Speech to the Fifteenth Party Congress, (December 1927); First published in Report on the Fifteenth Party Congress, Communist Party of Great Britain, 1928; at the Marxists Internet Archive
- Fifteenth Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) at the The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979)
- THE FIFTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.)December 2-19, 1927, Transcripts of the speeches by J. V. Stalin From J. V. Stalin, Works; Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow, 1954, Vol. 10, pp. 275-382.
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