15th United States Congress

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15th United States Congress
BrickCapitol.jpg
Brick Capitol, later used as a Civil War prison (about 1861)

Duration: March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1819

Senate President: Daniel D. Tompkins
Senate Pres. pro tem: James Barbour
House Speaker: Henry Clay
Members: 42 Senators
185 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1817 – March 6, 1817
1st: December 1, 1817 – April 20, 1818
2nd: November 16, 1818 – March 3, 1819
<14th 16th>

The Fifteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in the Old Brick Capitol in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1817 to March 4, 1819, during the first two years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties[edit]

States admitted and territories created[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

During this congress, two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Mississippi and Illinois.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress 25 13 38 0
Begin 25 13 38 0
End 28 12 40 2
Final voting share 70.0% 30.0%
Beginning of the next congress 30 10 40 2

House of Representatives[edit]

During this congress, one House seat was added for each of the new states of Mississippi and Illinois.

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress 136 46 182 1
Begin 142 38 180 3
End 146 39 185 0
Final voting share 78.9% 21.1%
Beginning of the next congress 158 25 183 2

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate
Daniel D. Tompkins

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker of the House
Henry Clay

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1822; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
New Hampshire
(3)
Jeremiah Mason (F) Resigned June 16, 1817 Clement Storer (DR) Seated June 27, 1817
Vermont
(3)
Dudley Chase (DR) Resigned November 3, 1817 to become Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court James Fisk (DR) Seated November 4, 1817
Louisiana
(2)
William C. C. Claiborne (DR) Died November 23, 1817 Henry Johnson (DR) Seated January 12, 1818
Mississippi
(1)
New seats Mississippi was admitted to the Union on December 10, 1817 Walter Leake (DR) Installed December 10, 1817
Mississippi
(2)
Thomas H. Williams (DR)
Vermont
(3)
James Fisk (DR) Resigned January 8, 1818 to become Vermont Collector of Customs William A. Palmer (DR) Seated October 20, 1818
Tennessee
(1)
George W. Campbell (DR) Resigned April 20, 1818 to become Ambassador to Russia John Eaton (DR) Seated September 5, 1818
Massachusetts
(1)
Eli P. Ashmun (F) Resigned May 10, 1818 Prentiss Mellen (F) Seated June 5, 1818
Georgia
(2)
George Troup (DR) Resigned September 23, 1818 to run for Governor of Georgia John Forsyth (DR) Seated November 23, 1818
Illinois
(2)
New seats Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818 Jesse B. Thomas (DR) Installed December 3, 1818
Illinois
(3)
Ninian Edwards (DR)
Georgia
(2)
John Forsyth (DR) Resigned February 17, 1819 to become United States Minister to Spain Not filled until next Congress
Kentucky
(2)
John J. Crittenden (DR) Resigned March 3, 1819 at end of term

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
New York
4th
Vacant Rep.-elect Henry B. Lee died before this Congress began James Tallmadge, Jr. (DR) Seated June 6, 1817
Missouri Territory
At-large
Vacant Seat remained vacant from March 4, 1817 to August 4, 1817 John Scott Seated August 4, 1817
Pennsylvania
10th
Vacant Rep.-elect David Scott resigned before this Congress began John Murray (DR) Seated October 14, 1817
North Carolina
7th
Vacant Rep.-elect Alexander McMillan died before this Congress began James Stewart (DR) Seated January 5, 1818
South Carolina
6th
John C. Calhoun (DR) Resigned November 3, 1817 after being appointed United States Secretary of War Eldred Simkins (DR) Seated January 24, 1818
Mississippi Territory
At-large
Vacant Seat remained vacant until Mississippi was admitted to the Union December 10, 1817 George Poindexter (DR) Seated December 10, 1817
Mississippi
At-large
Connecticut
At-large
Uriel Holmes (F) Resigned sometime in 1818 Sylvester Gilbert (DR) Seated November 16, 1818
North Carolina
11th
Daniel Forney (DR) Resigned sometime in 1818 William Davidson (F) Seated December 2, 1818
Alabama Territory
At-large
Vacant The first delegate from this new territory was not seated until January 29, 1818. John Crowell Seated January 29, 1818
Massachusetts
20th
Albion K. Parris (DR Resigned February 3, 1818 Enoch Lincoln (DR) Seated November 4, 1818
Virginia
19th
Peterson Goodwyn (DR) Died February 21, 1818 John Pegram (DR) Seated April 21, 1818
Pennsylvania
6th
John Ross (DR) Resigned February 24, 1818 to become President Judge of Pennsylvania's 7th Judicial Circuit Thomas J. Rogers (DR) Seated March 3, 1818
Louisiana
At-large
Thomas B. Robertson (DR) Resigned April 20, 1818 Thomas Butler (DR) Seated November 16, 1818
Pennsylvania
4th
Jacob Spangler (DR) Resigned April 20, 1818 Jacob Hostetter (DR) Seated November 16, 1818
Pennsylvania
6th
Samuel D. Ingham (DR) Resigned July 6, 1818 Samuel Moore (DR) Seated October 13, 1818
Georgia
At-large
John Forsyth (DR) Resigned November 23, 1818 after being elected to the U.S. Senate Robert R. Reid (DR) Seated February 18, 1819
Illinois Territory
At-large
Nathaniel Pope Pope's term ended November 30, 1818, and the seat remained vacant until Illinois was admitted to the Union December 3, 1818 John McLean (DR) Seated December 3, 1818
Illinois
At-large
North Carolina
10th
George Mumford (DR) Died December 31, 1818 Charles Fisher (DR) Seated February 11, 1819

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]