15th century in literature
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1400 . 1401 . 1402 . 1403 . 1404 . 1405 . 1406 ...
1407 1408 1409 -1410- 1411 1412 1413
... 1414 . 1415 . 1416 . 1417 . 1418 . 1419 . 1420 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- 1403 – A guild of stationers is founded in the City of London. As the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers (the "Stationers' Company"), it continues to be a Livery Company in the 21st century.
- 1403–08 – The Yongle Encyclopedia is written in China.
- c. 1410 – John, Duke of Berry, commissions the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, illustrated by the Limbourg brothers between c. 1412 and 1416.
- 1424 – The first French royal library is transferred by the English regent of France, John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, to England.
- 1425 – At about this date the first Guildhall Library (probably for theology) is established in the City of London under the will of Richard Whittington.
- 1443 – King Sejong the Great establishes Hangul as the native alphabet of the Korean language.
- 1444: June 15 – Cosimo de' Medici founds the Laurentian Library in Florence.
- 1448 – Pope Nicholas V founds the Vatican Library in Rome.
- 1450 – Johannes Gutenberg has set up his movable type printing press as a commercial operation in Mainz by this date and a German poem has been printed.
- 1451 – Sir Thomas Malory of Newbold Revel in Warwickshire, England, presumed author of the chivalric tales of Le Morte d'Arthur, is imprisoned for most of the following decade on multiple charges including violent robbery and rape.
- 1452 – Completion of the Malatestiana Library (Biblioteca Malatestiana) in Cesena (in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, commissioned by the city's ruler Malatesta Novello), the first European public library, in the sense of belonging to the commune and open to all citizens.
- 1457 – The Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi in Persia is known to be in existence.
- 1460 – From about this date, Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, begins to form the Bibliotheca Corviniana, Europe's largest secular library.
- 1462: November 8 – First known sentence written in the Albanian language, a Formula e pagëzimit (baptismal formula) by Archbishop Pal Engjëlli.
- 1463: January 5 – François Villon is reprieved from hanging in Paris but never heard of again.
- Johann Heynlin prints the first book in Paris, the Epistolae Gasparini of Gasparinus de Bergamo (d. c. 1431), a guide to writing Latin prose.
- Nicolas Jenson's edition of Eusebius, published in Venice, is the first book to use a roman type based on the principles of typography rather than manuscript.
- 1474 – First book printed in Spain, Obres e trobes en lahors de la Verge María, the anthology of a religious poetry contest held this year in Valencia.
- February – Pope Sixtus IV appoints the humanist Bartolomeo Platina as Prefect of the newly-re-established Vatican Library (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana) in Rome after Platina has presented him with the manuscript of his Lives of the Popes.
- Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye is the first book to be printed in English, by William Caxton in Bruges.
- Rashi's commentary on the Torah is the first dated book to be printed in Hebrew, in Reggio di Calabria.
- 1476 – William Caxton sets up the first printing press in England, at Westminster.
- 1477: November 18 – Caxton prints Earl Rivers' translation of Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres, the first book printed in England on a printing press.
- 1478 – In England
- 1480s (approximate date) – Scottish makar Robert Henryson writes The Morall Fabillis of Esope the Phrygian.
- 1485 – The play Elckerlijc wins first prize in the Rederijker contest in Antwerp.
- 1488 – Duke Humfrey's Library at the University of Oxford receives its first books.
- Chinese scholar Hua Sui invents bronze-metal movable type printing in China.
- Publication in Valencia of the prose chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch completed by Martí Joan de Galba from the work of the knight Joanot Martorell (d. 1468), written in Valencian and a pioneering example of the novel in modern Europe.
- 1495–1498 – Aldus Manutius publishes the Aldine Press edition of Aristotle in Venice.
- 1496: February – Francesco Griffo cuts the first old style serif (or humanist) typeface (known in modern times as Bembo) for the Aldine Press edition of Pietro Bembo's narrative Petri Bembi de Aetna Angelum Chabrielem liber, a work which also includes early adoption of the semicolon.
- 1497: February 7 (Shrove Tuesday) – Followers of Girolamo Savonarola burn thousands of "immoral" objects, including books, at the Bonfire of the Vanities in Florence, an episode repeatedly revisited in literature.
- 1499: Late – Contents of the library of the Madrasah of Granada are publicly burned.
New works and first printings of older works
- Christine de Pizan – Dit de la Rose
- Treatise on the Barbarian Kingdoms on the Western Oceans (China)
- Approximate date: John Lydgate – The Life of St. Edmund, King and Martyr
- Leon Battista Alberti – Della Pittura
- Antoine de la Sale – Petit Jehan de Saintre
- François Villon – Grand Testament
- c. 1470–85
- Dante Alighieri – Divine Comedy (written c.1308-21), first printed April 11 in Foligno, Italy, by Johann Numeister and Evangelista Angelini da Trevi
- Johannes de Sacrobosco – De sphaera mundi (written c.1230), the first printed astronomical book
- Paul of Venice – Logica Parva (published posthumously)
- Obres e trobes en lahors de la Verge María
- c. 1475?
- William Caxton prints the first books in England on a printing press which he set up at Westminster in 1476
- Bible in duytsche ("Delft Bible")
- First printed edition of The Travels of Marco Polo
- Rodolphus Agricola – De inventione dialectica
- Isaac Abrabanel – Ma'yene ha-Yeshu'ah
- Polydore Vergil – Adagia
- Francesco Colonna (attrib.) – Hypnerotomachia Poliphili
- Thomas of Erfurt (mistakenly ascribed to Duns Scotus) – De Modis Significandi printed (written in early 14th century)
- Niccolò Machiavelli – Discorso sopra le cose di Pisa
- Fernando de Rojas – Comedia de Calisto y Melibea, better known as La Celestina
- Polydore Vergil – De inventoribus rerum
- Jehan Lagadec (ed.) – Catholicon, the first French dictionary (trilingual with Breton and Latin; compiled in 1464)
- 1406 – Matteo Palmieri, Florentine humanist and historian (died 1475)
- 1413 – Giosafat Barbaro, Venetian travel writer (died 1494)
- 1449 – Aldus Manutius, Italian publisher (died 1515)
- 1453 – Ermolao Barbaro, Italian scholar (died 1493)
- c. 1460 – John Skelton, English poet (died 1529)
- 1485 – Hanibal Lucić, Croatian poet and playwright (died 1553)
- c. 1426 – John Audelay
- c. 1430 – Christine de Pizan
- 1451 – John Lydgate
- 1454 – Francesco Barbaro
- 1468 – Joanot Martorell
- 1471 – Sir Thomas Malory
- 1475 – Matteo Palmieri
- 1486 – Margareta Clausdotter
- c. 1490 – Lewys Glyn Cothi
- 1493 – Ermolao Barbaro (born 1453)
- 1494 – Giosafat Barbaro (born 1413)
- c. 1471 – Opening of Walter Scott's novel Anne of Geierstein (1829).
- 1476: Lope de Vega's play Fuenteovejuna (c. 1614) is set in this year.
- 1482: January 6 – Opening of Victor Hugo's novel Notre-Dame de Paris (1831).
- "History of Guildhall Library". City of London. Retrieved 2014-04-07.
- Klooster, John W. (2009). Icons of invention: the makers of the modern world from Gutenberg to Gates. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-313-34745-0.
- "Biblioteca Malatestiana" (in Italian). Istituzione Biblioteca Malatestiana. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- Csapodi, Csaba; Csapodiné Gárdonyi, Klára (1976). Bibliotheca Corviniana. Budapest.
- Robinson, Anton Meredith Lewin (1979). From monolith to microfilm: the story of the recorded word. Cape Town: South African Library. p. 25. ISBN 0-86968-020-X.
- Vitæ Pontificum Platinæ historici liber de vita Christi ac omnium pontificum qui hactenus ducenti fuere et XX (published 1479). The event is depicted in Melozzo da Forlì's fresco for the library Sixtus IV Appointing Platina as Prefect of the Vatican Library (1477). Setton, Kenneth M. (1960). "From Medieval to Modern Library". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 104: 371–390.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 185–187. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Mendel, Menachem (2007). "The Earliest Printed Book in Hebrew". Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 130–133. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Printing in universities: the Sorbonne Press and Oxford". Manchester: John Rylands University Library. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
- Gillam, Stanley (1988). The Divinity School and Duke Humfrey's Library at Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 28. ISBN 0-19-951558-1.
- Kleinhenz, Christopher (2004). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia 1. Routledge. p. 360. ISBN 0-415-93930-5.
- Martin, Joanna (2008). Kingship and Love in Scottish poetry, 1424-1540. Aldershot: Ashgate. p. 111. ISBN 0-7546-6273-X.