15th century in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1400 . 1401 . 1402 . 1403 . 1404 . 1405 . 1406 ...
1407 1408 1409 -1410- 1411 1412 1413
... 1414 . 1415 . 1416 . 1417 . 1418 . 1419 . 1420 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- A guild of stationers is founded in the City of London. As the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers (the "Stationers' Company"), it continues to be a Livery Company in the 21st century.
- The Yongle Encyclopedia is commissioned in China.
- c. 1410 – John, Duke of Berry, commissions the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, illustrated by the Limbourg brothers between c. 1412 and 1416.
- 1424 – The first French royal library is transferred by the English regent of France, John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, to England.
- 1443 – King Sejong the Great establishes Hangul as the native alphabet of the Korean language.
- 1444: June 15 – Cosimo de' Medici founds the Laurentian Library in Florence.
- 1448 – Pope Nicholas V founds the Vatican Library in Rome.
- 1450 – Johannes Gutenberg has set up his movable type printing press as a commercial operation in Mainz by this date and a German poem has been printed.
- 1451 – Sir Thomas Malory of Newbold Revel in Warwickshire, England, presumed author of the chivalric tales of Le Morte d'Arthur, is imprisoned for most of the following decade on multiple charges including violent robbery and rape.
- Johann Heynlin prints the first book in Paris, the Epistolae Gasparini of Gasparinus de Bergamo (d. c. 1431), a guide to writing Latin prose.
- Nicolas Jenson's edition of Eusebius, published in Venice, is the first book to use a roman type based on the principles of typography rather than manuscript.
- 1474 – First book printed in Spain, Obres e trobes en lahors de la Verge María, the anthology of a religious poetry contest held this year in Valencia.
- 1476 – William Caxton sets up the first printing press in England, at Westminster.
- 1477: November 18 – Caxton prints Earl Rivers' translation of Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres, the first book printed in England on a printing press.
- 1478 – In England
- 1480s (approximate date) – Scottish makar Robert Henryson writes The Morall Fabillis of Esope the Phrygian.
- 1485 – The play Elckerlijc wins first prize in the Rederijker contest in Antwerp.
- 1488 – Duke Humfrey's Library at the University of Oxford receives its first books.
- Chinese scholar Hua Sui invents bronze-metal movable type printing in China.
- Publication in Valencia of the prose chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch completed by Martí Joan de Galba from the work of the knight Joanot Martorell (d. 1468), written in Valencian and a pioneering example of the novel in modern Europe.
- 1495–1498 – Aldus Manutius publishes the Aldine Press edition of Aristotle in Venice.
- 1496: February – Francesco Griffo cuts the first old style serif (or humanist) typeface (known in modern times as Bembo) for the Aldine Press edition of Pietro Bembo's narrative Petri Bembi de Aetna Angelum Chabrielem liber, a work which also includes early adoption of the semicolon.
- 1499: Late – Contents of the library of the Madrasah of Granada are publicly burned.
New works and first printings of older works
- Leon Battista Alberti – Della Pittura
- The Buik of Alexander
- Antoine de la Sale – Petit Jehan de Saintre
- François Villon – Grand Testament
- c. 1470–85
- Obres e trobes en lahors de la Verge María
- William Caxton prints the first books in England on a printing press which he set up at Westminster in 1476
- Bible in duytsche ("Delft Bible")
- First printed edition of The Travels of Marco Polo
- Rodolphus Agricola – De inventione dialectica
- Isaac Abrabanel – Ma'yene ha-Yeshu'ah
- Polydore Vergil – Adagia
- Francesco Colonna (attrib.) – Hypnerotomachia Poliphili
- Thomas of Erfurt (mistakenly ascribed to Duns Scotus) – De Modis Significandi printed (written in early 14th century)
- Niccolò Machiavelli – Discorso sopra le cose di Pisa
- Fernando de Rojas – Comedia de Calisto y Melibea, better known as La Celestina
- Polydore Vergil – De inventoribus rerum
- Jehan Lagadec (ed.) – Catholicon, the first French dictionary (trilingual with Breton and Latin; compiled in 1464)
- 1406 – Matteo Palmieri, Florentine humanist and historian (died 1475)
- 1413 – Giosafat Barbaro, Venetian travel writer (died 1494)
- 1449 – Aldus Manutius, Italian publisher (died 1515)
- 1453 – Ermolao Barbaro, Italian scholar (died 1493)
- c. 1460 – John Skelton, English poet (died 1529)
- 1485 – Hanibal Lucić, Croatian poet and playwright (died 1553)
- c. 1426 – John Audelay
- 1451 – John Lydgate
- 1454 – Francesco Barbaro
- 1468 – Joanot Martorell
- 1471 – Sir Thomas Malory
- 1475 – Matteo Palmieri
- 1486 – Margareta Clausdotter
- c. 1490 – Lewys Glyn Cothi
- 1493 – Ermolao Barbaro (born 1453)
- 1494 – Giosafat Barbaro (born 1413)
- Klooster, John W. (2009). Icons of invention: the makers of the modern world from Gutenberg to Gates. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-313-34745-0.
- Robinson, Anton Meredith Lewin (1979). From monolith to microfilm: the story of the recorded word. Cape Town: South African Library. p. 25. ISBN 0-86968-020-X.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 185–187. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Mendel, Menachem (2007). "The Earliest Printed Book in Hebrew". Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 130–133. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Printing in universities: the Sorbonne Press and Oxford". Manchester: John Rylands University Library. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
- Gillam, Stanley (1988). The Divinity Schook and Duke Humfrey's Library at Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 28. ISBN 0-19-951558-1.
- Martin, Joanna (2008). Kingship and Love in Scottish poetry, 1424-1540. Aldershot: Ashgate. p. 111. ISBN 0-7546-6273-X.