|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1570s 1580s 1590s – 1600s – 1610s 1620s 1630s|
|Years:||1597 1598 1599 – 1600 – 1601 1602 1603|
|1600 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2353|
|English Regnal year||42 Eliz. 1 – 43 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4296 or 4236
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4297 or 4237
|- Vikram Samvat||1656–1657|
|- Shaka Samvat||1522–1523|
|- Kali Yuga||4701–4702|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||312 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2142–2143|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1600.|
Year 1600 (MDC) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) and a century leap year of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar. It was the last century leap year until the year 2000.
- January 1 – Scotland adopts January 1 as New Year's Day.
- January – Sebald de Weert makes the first definite sighting of the Falkland Islands.
- February 17 – Giordano Bruno is burned at the stake for heresy in Rome.
- February 19 – Huaynaputina volcano in Peru undergoes a catastrophic eruption, the worst to be recorded in South America.
- March 20 – Linköping Bloodbath: Public execution by decapitation of five Swedish nobles and de facto deposition of the Polish–Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa as ruler of Sweden.
- July 2 – Battle of Nieuwpoort in the Eighty Years' War (Dutch War of Independence) between the Dutch and the Spanish.
- August 5 – The brothers Alexander Ruthven and John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, are killed during a failed attempt to kidnap or murder King James VI of Scotland at their home.
- October 17 – Battle of Sekigahara in Japan, granting Tokugawa Ieyasu nominal control over the whole country.
- December 31 – East India Company granted a Royal Charter in the Kingdom of England.
- Sumo wrestling becomes a professional sport in Japan.
- William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream is first performed and his play The Merchant of Venice is published.
- William Gilbert publishes De Magnete, which describes the Earth's magnetic field and is the beginning of modern Geomagnetism.
- Fabritio Caroso's Nobiltà de dame is published.
- Ulster chieftains, with the lead of Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, resist the English reconquest of Ireland.
- A Persian embassy arrives in Prague and meets with Rudolf II.
- Martin Möller is appointed chief pastor of Görlitz.
- The Lutheran orthodox campaign intensifies to reinforce the Book of Concord (approximate date).
- January 1 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
- January 17 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright (d. 1681)
- January 28 – Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
- February – Edmund Calamy the Elder, English presbyterian (d. 1666)
- February 2 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
- March 3 – George Ghica, Prince of Wallachia (d. 1664)
- May 13 – Empress Xiaoduanwen of the Qing Dynasty (d. 1649)
- August 16 – Maria Celeste, nun, daughter of Galileo Galilei
- November – John Ogilby, English writer and cartographer (d. 1676)
- November 19
- date unknown
- Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French poet and novelist (d. 1674)
- Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet, English Royalist leader (d. 1658)
- Peter Heylin, English ecclesiastical writer (d. 1662)
- Antoine de Laloubère, French Jesuit mathematician (d. 1664)
- Claude Lorrain, French painter, draughtsman and engraver of the Baroque era (d. 1682)
- Anna Alojza Ostrogska, Polish noblewoman (d. 1654)
- William Prynne, English puritan politician (d. 1669)
- Brian Walton, English divine and scholar (d. 1661)
- February 13 – Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (b. 1538)
- February 17 – Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher (burned at the stake) (b. 1548)
- February 18 – José de Acosta, Spanish Jesuit missionary and naturalist (b. 1540)
- April – Thomas Deloney, English writer (b. 1543)
- May 19 – Abe Masakatsu, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541)
- July 17 – Hosokawa Gracia, Japanese noblewoman (b. 1563)
- August 5 – John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, Scottish conspirator (b. 1577)
- August 27 – Mizuno Tadashige, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541)
- September 1 – Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (b. 1525)
- September 26 – Claude Le Jeune, French composer (b. 1530)
- October 12 – Luis de Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)
- October 21
- November 3 – Richard Hooker, Anglican theologian (b. 1554)
- November 6
- November 8 – Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
- November 17 – Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
- Jackson J. Spielvogel – Western Civilization – Volume II: Since 1500 (5th Edition), p. 401