1600 in literature
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The year 1600 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- January 1 – The Admiral's Men perform Dekker's The Shoemaker's Holiday at the English Court.
- March 6 – George Carey, Lord Hunsdon, the Lord Chamberlain of England, entertains the Flemish ambassador Ludowic Verreyken at Hunsdon House in the Blackfriars district of London. The entertainment includes a performance of Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1 by the Lord Chamberlain's Men.
- March 10 – Philip Henslowe lends William Haughton ten shillings "to release him out of the Clink".
- April 18 – Hortensio Félix Paravicino joins the Trinitarian Order.
- September – Richard Burbage leases the disused Blackfriars Theatre in London to Henry Evans and Nathaniel Giles for £40 per year. Evans and Giles use the space for the performances of the Children of the Chapel. Giles drafts Solomon Pavy, age ten, into his acting troupe.
- June 3 – Thomas Pavier becomes a publisher in the City of London, securing the rights to the plays Captain Thomas Stukeley, Sir John Oldcastle, Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy and Shakespeare's Henry V.
- By August – Robert Armin succeeds Will Kempe as clown of the Lord Chamberlain's Men at the Globe Theatre in London.
- September 8 – Jack Drum's Entertainment is entered in the Stationers' Register. The character of Brabant Senior represents Ben Jonson, thus continuing the War of the Theatres.
- November 4 – Tirso de Molina joins the Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy.
- Juan Ruiz de Alarcón begins his studies at the University of Salamanca.
- Robert Shirley returns from Persia.
- The last performances of the Chester miracle plays take place.
- Biblioteca Riccardiana established in Florence.
- Robert Armin (as "Clonnico de Curtanio Snuffe") – Fool Upon Fool
- Fabritio Caroso – Nobiltà de dame
- Lope de Vega – Romancero general
- "Moderata Fonte" (pseudonym) – The Worth of Women: Wherein is Clearly Revealed Their Nobility and Their Superiority to Men
- William Gilbert and Aaron Dowling – De Magnete, Magneticisque Corporibus, et de Magno Magnete Tellure
- Philemon Holland – The Romane Historie, a translation of Livy's Ab Urbe Condita
- Robert Jones – The First Book of Songs and Airs
- Samuel Rowland – The Letting of Humours Blood in the Head-Vein
- Henry Chettle & John Day – The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green, Part 1 (Parts 2 and 3, by Day and William Haughton, lost)
- Georgios Chortatzis – Erofili (approximate date)
- Lope de Vega – some dates approximate
- La campana de Aragón
- El castigo del discreto
- La imperial de Otón
- El postrer godo de España
- La quinta de Florencia
- Roma abrasada
- La viuda valenciana ("The Widow from Valencia")
- Thomas Dekker – Old Fortunatus (published)
- Thomas Dekker and others (probable) – Lust's Dominion (approximate date)
- Thomas Dekker, John Marston, and William Haughton – The Spanish Moor's Tragedy (possibly same as Lust's Dominion)
- Thomas Heywood – Edward IV, Parts 1 and 2 published
- Thomas Heywood (attrib.) and others? – Edward IV (published)
- Ben Jonson – Cynthia's Revels
- John Marston – Jack Drum's Entertainment
- Thomas Nashe – Summer's Last Will and Testament (published)
- William Shakespeare – Henry IV, Part 2, The Merchant of Venice, Henry V, A Midsummer Night's Dream, and Much Ado About Nothing (published)
- Siddha Basavaraja – Bedagina Vachanagalu (anthology)
- England's Helicon (anthology) – including work by Edmund Spenser, Michael Drayton, Thomas Lodge, Philip Sidney and others
- Gervase Markham – The Tears of the Beloved
- Thomas Middleton – The Ghost of Lucrece
- January 1 – Friedrich Spanheim, Flemish writer (died 1649)
- January 17 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist (died 1681)
- February 2 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (died 1653)
- September 19 – Hermann Busenbaum, German Jesuit theologian (died 1668)
- October 5 – Thomas Goodwin, English theologian (died 1680)
- November – John Ogilby, Scottish translator (died 1676)
- November 19 – Leo Aitzema, Dutch historian (died 1669)
- Unknown dates
- Martin de Barcos, French Jansenist theologian (died 1678)
- Bihari, Hindi poet (died 1663)
- Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French poet and novelist (died 1674)
- William Prynne, English polemicist (died 1669)
- Adriaan Vlacq, Dutch publisher (died 1667)
- Brian Walton, Bishop of Chester, English compiler of Polyglot Bible and bishop (died 1661)
- Probable year of birth
- January 23 – John Case, English commentator on Aristotle
- February 15 – José de Acosta, Spanish naturalist (born 1539)
- April – Thomas Deloney, English novelist and balladist (born 1543)
- May 18 – Fulvio Orsini, Italian historian (born 1529)
- June 25 – David Chytraeus, German theologian and historian (born 1530)
- September 25 – Antoine du Verdier, French politician and writer (born 1544)
- October 12 – Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit writer (born 1535)
- November – Robert Wilson, English dramatist (date of birth unknown)
- November 3 – Richard Hooker, English theologian (born 1554)
- November 23 or 24 – Balthasar Russow, Estonian chronicler (born 1536)
- Unknown dates
- "Gabriel Téllez". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Lawrence, William J. (1927). Pre-Restoration Stage Studies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 277-89.
- Logan, Terence P.; Smith, Denzell S., ed. (1973). The Predecessors of Shakespeare: A Survey and Bibliography of Recent Studies in English Renaissance Drama. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. p. 32.