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This article is about the year 1604.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1570s 1580s 1590s – 1600s – 1610s 1620s 1630s|
|Years:||1601 1602 1603 – 1604 – 1605 1606 1607|
|1604 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2357|
|Bahá'í calendar||−240 – −239|
|English Regnal year||1 Ja. 1 – 2 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4300 or 4240
— to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
4301 or 4241
|- Vikram Samvat||1660–1661|
|- Shaka Samvat||1526–1527|
|- Kali Yuga||4705–4706|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 9
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||308 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2147|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1604.|
- January 14 – The Hampton Court conference is held between James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of the Puritans. Work begins on the Authorized King James Version of the Bible and revision of the Book of Common Prayer.
- June 24 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, celebrated British peer and courtier, companion of Queen Elizabeth I and reputed to be the anonymous writer of the works of William Shakespeare dies at King's Place, Hackney. He is survived by his son, Henry.
- August 18 – England concludes the Treaty of London with Spain, ending the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604), an intermittent conflict within the Eighty Years' War.
- September 20 – Ostend is captured by Spanish forces under Ambrogio Spinola after a 3-year siege.
- October 4 – Za Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia, is killed in battle with the forces of Za Sellase, who restores his cousin Yaqob to the throne.
- October 9 – The supernova which becomes known as Kepler's Supernova (SN 1604) is first observed from northern Italy. From October 17, Johannes Kepler begins a year's observation of it from Prague. There won't be another "naked-eye" supernova to be seen until 1987. As of 2006[update], this is the last supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.
- November 1 – First recorded performance of William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello, at Whitehall Palace in London.
- The Sikh Holy Scripture Guru Granth Sahib is compiled and edited by Guru Arjan.
- France begins settling Acadia, first successful French North American colony.
- Before 1 October, Huntingdon Beaumont completes the Wollaton Waggonway, built to transport coal from the mines at Strelley to Wollaton just west of Nottingham, England, the world's oldest wagonway with provenance.
- The Table Alphabeticall, the first known English dictionary to be organized by alphabetical ordering, is published.
- First publication of Christopher Marlowe's play The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, in London.
- Lancelot de Casteau's L'Ouverture de cuisine published in Liège, including the first printed recipe for choux pastry.
- According the legend the vault of Christian Rosenkreutz is discovered.
- The Papacy is expected to fall this year by Tobias Hess and Simon Studion according to their correspondence in 1597.
- January 4 – Jakob Balde, German Latinist (d. 1668)
- March 10 – Johann Rudolf Glauber, German-Dutch alchemist and chemist (approximate date; d. 1670)
- April 5 – Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1675)
- May 10 – Jean Mairet, French dramatist (d. 1686)
- June 17 – John Maurice of Nassau, count of Nassau-Siegen (d. 1679)
- August 3 – John Eliot, English puritan missionary (d. 1690)
- August 4 – François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French author (d. 1676)
- August 12 – Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1651)
- August 16 – Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, general in the Thirty Years' War (d. 1639)
- September 13 – William Brereton, English soldier and politician (d. 1661)
- October 14 – Nils Brahe, Swedish soldier (d. 1632)
- November – Jasper Mayne, English dramatist (d. 1672)
- November 3 – Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1622)
- date unknown
- February 29 – John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1530)
- March 4 – Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian (b. 1539)
- March 13 – Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
- May 5 – Claudio Merulo, Italian composer (b. 1533)
- June 24 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England, poet and possibly playwright (b. 1550)
- August 3 – Bernardino de Mendoza, Spanish military commander
- August 8 – Horio Tadauji, Japanese warlord (b. 1578)
- September 10 – William Morgan, Welsh Bible translator (b. 1545)
- October 4 – Za Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia
- October 18 – Igram van Achelen, Dutch statesman (b. 1528)
- December 3 – George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon (b. 1540)
- December 22 – Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese Daimyo (b. 1546)
- date unknown
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 166–168. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "SN 1604, Kepler's Supernova". Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- "Three Great Eyes on Kepler's Supernova Remnant". NASA. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- The exact date is unknown, but a surviving account book for the year ended September 30 1604 proves it was built within the preceding 12 months.