From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1570s 1580s 1590s – 1600s – 1610s 1620s 1630s|
|Years:||1602 1603 1604 – 1605 – 1606 1607 1608|
|1605 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2358|
|English Regnal year||2 Ja. 1 – 3 Ja. 1|
— to —乙巳年十一月廿二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1661–1662|
|- Shaka Samvat||1527–1528|
|- Kali Yuga||4706–4707|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||605–606|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 10
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||307 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2148|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1605|
- April 1 – Pope Leo XI succeeds Pope Clement VIII as the 232nd pope.
- April 13 – Tsar Boris Godunov dies; Feodor II accedes to the Russian throne.
- April 16 – In England, John Winthrop, later governor of the future Massachusetts Bay Colony, marries his first wife (of 4), Mary Forth, daughter of John Forth, of Great Stambridge, Essex.
- May 16 – Pope Paul V succeeds Pope Leo XI as the 233rd pope, making 1605 the last Year of Three Popes until 1978.
- June 1 – Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother, later executing them.
- June 20 – Pretender Dmitri and his supporters march to Moscow; he is crowned the next month.
- July 21 – Pretender Dmitri is officially crowned Tsar Dmitri II.
- September 27 – Battle of Kircholm: Swedish armies are defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- October – In Strassburg, the world's first newspaper is published by Johann Carolus.
- October 27 – Spanish troops of General Spinola occupy Wachtendonk.
- November 3 – Jahangir begins his 22-year reign of the Mughal Empire.
- November 5 – Gunpowder Plot: A plot to blow up the English Houses of Parliament is foiled when Sir Thomas Knyvet, a justice of the peace, finds Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the Parliament building and orders a search of the area (records show 36 barrels of gunpowder were found, and Fawkes was arrested for trying to kill King James I of England and the members who were scheduled to sit together in Parliament the next day).
Date unknown 
- Francis Bacon publicizes Of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning, Divine and Humane.
- The first half of Miguel de Cervantes's landmark novel Don Quixote ("El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha" or "The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha") — one of the earliest novels in the western literary tradition, is published and becomes Cervantes's first literary success.
- Polish troops occupy Moscow.
- Nova Scotia, Canada adopts Gregorian calendar.
- Tokugawa Ieyasu abdicates as shogun of Japan, becoming Ogosho. His son Tokugawa Hidetada succeeds him to the office.
- Crew of the Olive become the first British visitors to Barbados.
- French Huguenot refugees settle in Dublin and Waterford.
- The Priory of St. Gregory's is founded at Douai, Flanders, at this time in the Spanish Netherlands, by its first prior, Saint John Roberts, and other exiles, thus becoming the first English Benedictine house to renew conventual life after the Reformation. More than two centuries later the community will establish Downside Abbey back in England.
- De Nieuwe Tijdinghen, a Dutch proto-newspaper, is published.
- Central Mexico's Amerindian population reaches one million.
- April 8 – King Philip IV of Spain (d. 1665)
- April 18 – Giacomo Carissimi, Italian composer (d. 1674)
- May 7 – Patriarch Nikon, Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 1681)
- June – Thomas Randolph, English poet and dramatist (d. 1635)
- July 29 – Simon Dach, Prussian lyrical poet and writer of hymns (d. 1659)
- August – Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer and parliamentarian (d. 1675)
- August 8 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
- August 18 – Henry Hammond, English churchman (d. 1660)
- September 12 – William Dugdale, English antiquary (d. 1686)
- September 28 – Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (d. 1694)
- October 19 – Sir Thomas Browne English physician and philosopher (d. 1682)
- October 22 – Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, prince of the independent principality of Sedan (d. 1652)
- November 4 – William Habington, English poet (d. 1654)
- December 23 – Tianqi Emperor, Ming emperor of China (d. 1627)
- date unknown
- William Berkeley, governor of Virginia (d. 1677)
- John Gauden, English bishop and writer (d. 1662)
- Theodore Haak, German scholar (d. 1690)
- Nectarius of Jerusalem, Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem (d. 1680)
- Dominik Aleksander Kazanowski, Polish nobleman (d. 1648)
- Thomas Nabbes, English dramatist (d. c. 1645)
- Afanasy Ordin-Nashchokin, Russian statesman (d. 1680)
- Brynjólfur Sveinsson, Icelandic bishop and scholar (d. 1675)
- Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, French traveller and pioneer of trade with India (d. 1689)
- Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham (d. 1666)
- Alexandra Mavrokordatou
- February 19 – Orazio Vecchi, Italian composer (b. 1550)
- February 23 –Guido Fawkes, Gunpowder Plot Assistant
- March 5 – Pope Clement VIII (b. 1536)
- April 5 – Adam Loftus, English Catholic archbishop (b. c.1533)
- April 6 – John Stow, English historian and antiquarian (b. 1525)
- April 13 – Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia (b. 1551)
- April 27 – Pope Leo XI (b. 1535)
- June 3 – Jan Zamoyski, Polish nobleman (b. 1542)
- July 20 – Tsar Feodor II of Russia (b. 1589)
- July 26 – Rev. Fr. Miguel de Benavides, O.P., Spanish clergyman and sinologist (b. 1552)
- September 11 – Sir Thomas Tresham, English politician (b. 1550)
- September 14 – Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Kraków (b. 1550)
- September 23 – Pontus de Tyard, French poet (b. c. 1521)
- September 24 – Manuel Mendes, Portuguese composer (b. 1547)
- October 13 – Theodore Beza, French theologian (b. 1519)
- October 15 – Akbar, Mogul Emperor (b. 1542)
- November 8 – Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)
- November 10 – Ulissi Aldrovandi, Italian naturalist (b. 1522)
- December – Francis Tresham, English conspirator (b. 1567)
- December 29 – John Davis, English explorer (b. 1550)
- date unknown – Marek Sobieski, Polish nobleman (b. 1549)