160 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 3rd century BC2nd century BC1st century BC
Decades: 190s BC  180s BC  170s BC  – 160s BC –  150s BC  140s BC  130s BC
Years: 163 BC 162 BC 161 BC160 BC159 BC 158 BC 157 BC
160 BC by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
160 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 160 BC
Ab urbe condita 594
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4591
Bahá'í calendar −2003 – −2002
Bengali calendar −752
Berber calendar 791
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 385
Burmese calendar −797
Byzantine calendar 5349–5350
Chinese calendar 庚辰(Metal Dragon)
2537 or 2477
    — to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2538 or 2478
Coptic calendar −443 – −442
Discordian calendar 1007
Ethiopian calendar −167 – −166
Hebrew calendar 3601–3602
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −103 – −102
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2942–2943
Holocene calendar 9841
Igbo calendar −1159 – −1158
Iranian calendar 781 BP – 780 BP
Islamic calendar 805 BH – 804 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2174
Minguo calendar 2071 before ROC
民前2071年
Thai solar calendar 384

Year 160 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Gallus and Cethegus (or, less frequently, year 594 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 160 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • The Seleucid king, Demetrius I, on campaign in the east of his empire, leaves his general Bacchides to govern the western portion of it.
  • In response to the Jewish high priest, Alcimus', request for assistance, the Seleucid general Bacchides leads an army into Judea with the intent of reconquering this now independent kingdom. Bacchides rapidly marches through Judea after carrying out a massacre of the Assideans in Galilee. He quickly makes for Jerusalem, besieging the city and trapping Judas Maccabeus, the spiritual and military leader of the Maccabees, inside. However, Judas and many of his supporters manage to escape the siege.
  • Judas Maccabeus and many of his supporters regroup to face the Seleucid forces in the Battle of Elasa (near modern day Ramallah). Greatly outnumbered, the Maccabees are defeated and Judas Maccabeus is killed during the battle.
  • Judas Maccabeus is succeeded as army commander and leader of the Maccabees by his younger brother, Jonathan.
  • Demetrius I defeats and kills the rebel general Timarchus and is recognized as king of the Seleucid empire by the Roman Senate. Demetrius acquires his surname of Soter (meaning Saviour) from the Babylonians, for delivering them from the tyranny of Timarchus. The Seleucid empire is temporarily united again.
  • The Parthian King, Mithradates I, seizes Media from the Seleucids following the death of Timarchus.

Bactria[edit]

  • The king of Bactria, Eucratides I, is considered to have killed Apollodotus I, an Indo-Greek king who rules the western and southern parts of the Indo-Greek kingdom, when he invades the western territories of that kingdom.

China[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]