1613 in literature
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The year 1613 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- At the English royal court, January and February see massive celebrations for the marriage of Frederick V, Elector Palatine to King James's daughter Princess Elizabeth, culminating in their wedding on February 14.
- During the court festivities in the winter of 1612–13, the King's Men give twenty performances, which include eight Shakespearean plays, four by Beaumont and Fletcher, and the lost Cardenio.
- The Children of the Queen's Revels give two performances of Beaumont and Fletcher's Cupid's Revenge in early January.
- On January 11, the playing company that had been the Admiral's Men, then Prince Henry's Men, becomes the Elector Palatine's (or Palsgrave's) Men.
- The Memorable Masque of the Middle Temple and Lincoln's Inn, written by George Chapman and designed by Inigo Jones, is staged on February 15. Francis Beaumont's The Masque of the Inner Temple and Gray's Inn follows five days later on February 20.
- The Lady Elizabeth's Men perform Marston's The Dutch Courtesan at Court on February 25. (They repeat it at the end of the year, on December 12.)
- The Queen's Revels Children act Chapman's The Widow's Tears on February 27.
- Frederick and Prince Charles visit Cambridge University early in March, where they see performances of Samuel Brooke's Latin plays Adelphe and Scyros.
- June 8 – The King's Men re-play Cardenio at Court.
- June 29 – The Globe Theatre burns down during a performance of Henry VIII.
- Publication in London of Elizabeth Cary, Lady Falkland's closet drama The Tragedy of Mariam, the Fair Queen of Jewry (written 1602–4), the first original dramatic work in English known to have been published by a woman, and acknowledged as such ("Written by that learned, vertuous, and truly noble Ladie, E.C.").
- Cyril Tourneur is paid £10 for delivering letters from the Stuart monarchy to Brussels.
- English poet Francis Quarles becomes cupbearer to Princess Elizabeth.
- Miguel de Cervantes – Exemplary Novels
- Thomas Dekker – A Strange Horse Race
- Samuel Purchas – Purchas, his Pilgrimage; or, Relations of the World and the Religions observed in all Ages
- Sir Anthony Shirley – Sir Anthony Shirley: his Relation of his Travels into Persia
- Alexander Whitaker – Good Newes from Virginia
- Anonymous – Heteroclitanomalonomia
- Giovan Battista Andreini – L'Adamo
- Francis Beaumont
- Beaumont and Fletcher – The Honest Man's Fortune
- Samuel Brooke – Adelphe and Scyros (in Latin)
- Thomas Campion
- The Lords' Masque
- The Somerset Masque
- Elizabeth Cary, Lady Falkland – The Tragedy of Mariam
- George Chapman
- Lope de Vega
- Thomas Heywood – The Silver Age and The Brazen Age published
- Ben Jonson – masques
- A Challenge at Tilt, at a Marriage
- The Irish Masque at Court
- John Marston and William Barksted – The Insatiate Countess published
- Thomas Middleton – A Chaste Maid in Cheapside
- William Shakespeare – Henry VIII
- Shakespeare and John Fletcher (attributed) – The History of Cardenio
- William Drummond of Hawthornden – Tears on the Death of Moeliades
- February 11 – Henry Killigrew, dramatist (died 1700)
- April – Franciscus Plante, poet (died 1690)
- June 16 – John Cleveland, poet (died 1658)
- August 15
- September 15 – François de La Rochefoucauld, writer of maxims and memoirs (died 1680)
- November 5 – Isaac de Benserade, poet (died 1691)
- probable – Richard Crashaw, poet (died 1667)
- January 28 – Sir Thomas Bodley, founder of the Bodleian Library (born 1545)
- February 16 – Mikalojus Daukša, Lithuanian religious writer and translator (born c. 1527)
- August 18 – Giovanni Artusi, music theorist (born c. 1540)
- August 26 – George Owen, antiquarian author (born 1552)
- September 15 – Sir Thomas Overbury, poet and essayist (probably poisoned by Frances Howard, Countess of Somerset) (born 1581)
- October 22 – Mathurin Régnier, satirist (born 1573)
- November 16 – Trajano Boccalini, satirist (born 1556)
- date unknown – Henry Constable, poet (born 1562)