From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1580s 1590s 1600s – 1610s – 1620s 1630s 1640s|
|Years:||1616 1617 1618 – 1619 – 1620 1621 1622|
|1619 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2372|
|Bahá'í calendar||−225 – −224|
|English Regnal year||16 Ja. 1 – 17 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4315 or 4255
— to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
4316 or 4256
|- Vikram Samvat||1675–1676|
|- Shaka Samvat||1541–1542|
|- Kali Yuga||4720–4721|
|Japanese calendar||Genna 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||293 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2162|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1619.|
- January – James I of England's Banqueting House, Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. Inigo Jones is commissioned to design a replacement.
- March – Battle of Sarhu: Manchu leader Nurhaci is victorious over the Ming forces.
- March 20 – Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor dies, leaving the Holy Roman Empire without an official leader to deal with the Bohemian Revolt.
- May 8 – The Synod of Dort has its final meeting.
- May 13 – Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been convicted of treason.
- May 30 – Jan Pieterszoon Coen, Governor General of the Dutch East Indies, conquers Jayakarta and renames it Batavia.
- June 10 – Thirty Years' War – Battle of Sablat: Protestant forces are defeated.
- June 21 – Dulwich College founded by Edward Alleyn, in Dulwich, London.
- July 30 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
- August – Captain Jope's ship brings the first Africans to what will later be called America. Jope trades these Africans for food and supplies. This trade of Africans is as temporary indentured servants in the same way that English whites are owned as laborers in the New World. Because the Spanish had Christianized these Africans, this labor arrangement is for a specified time and then they are free to live their lives, just as the English laborers are. These Africans had been stolen from the cargo of a Spanish vessel on the high seas. The enslavement of Africans in America is progressively and intentionally implemented later, beginning with the sentencing of John Punch in 1640.
- August 5 – Thirty Years' War – Battle of Věstonice: Bohemian forces defeat the Austrians.
- August 10 – The Treaty of Angoulême ends the civil war in France.
- August 26 – Frederick V, Elector Palatine is elected the King of Bohemia.
- August 28 – Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
- October 8 – Thirty Years' War – The Treaty of Munich is signed by Ferdinand II and Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria.
- November 16 – William Parker School, Hastings is founded by the will of Rev. William Parker
- November 23 – Thirty Years' War – Battle of Humenné: Polish troops assist the Holy Roman Emperor by defeating a Transylvanian force, forcing Gabor Bethlen to raise his siege of Vienna.
- December 4 – Thirty-eight colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God (considered by some to be the first Thanksgiving in the Americas).
- Jahangir grants a British mission important commercial concessions at Surat on the west coast of India.
- England establishes its first outpost in India.
- The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth reaches the height of its territorial extent.
- Salé Rovers declare the port of Salé on the Barbary Coast to be the Republic of Salé, independent of the Sultan of Morocco, with the Dutch-born corsair Jan Janszoon as president.
- The Danish–Dutch whaling settlement of Smeerenburg is founded in Svalbard.
- An expedition in Sri Lanka led by Phillippe de Oliveira deposes and executes the last Jaffna king Cankili II, putting an end to the Jaffna kingdom.
- A Spanish expedition sails around Tierra del Fuego, mapping the coast and discovering the Diego Ramírez Islands.
- January 10 – Philip Sidney, 3rd Earl of Leicester, English politician (d. 1698)
- January 14 – Alexander von Spaen, German general (d. 1692)
- January 14 – Thomas Archer (died 1685), English politician (d. 1685)
- January 17 – Johanna Elisabeth of Nassau-Hadamar, Princess (d. 1647)
- January 21 – John Rashleigh (1619–93), English politician (d. 1693)
- January 21 – Anders Bording, Danish poet (d. 1677)
- January 24 – Yamazaki Ansai, Japanese philosopher (d. 1682)
- January 30 – Michelangelo Ricci, mathematician and Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 1682)
- February 1 – Robert Phelips (died 1707), English politician (d. 1707)
- February 2 – Walter Charleton, natural philosopher (d. 1707)
- February 15 – Tsugaru Nobuyoshi, Japanese daimyo (d. 1655)
- February 24 – Robert Aske (merchant), English merchant (d. 1689)
- February 24 – Charles Le Brun, French painter and art theorist (d. 1690)
- February 26 – Francesco Morosini, Doge of Venice from 1688 to 1694 (d. 1694)
- February 28 – Giuseppe Felice Tosi, Italian composer (d. 1693)
- March 2 – Marcantonio Giustinian, 107th Doge of Venice (d. 1688)
- March 5 – Joseph Ames (naval commander), English naval commander (d. 1695)
- March 6 – Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier and poet (d. 1655)
- March 13 – Tobias Lohner (d. 1697)
- March 15 – Jean Le Vacher, Lazarist missionary and French consul (d. 1683)
- March 20 – Georg Albrecht, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach (d. 1666)
- March 25 – Peter Mews, English Royalist (d. 1706)
- March 28 – Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz (d. 1681)
- April 2 – Anna Sophia I, Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1681)
- April 2 – Onofrio Gabrieli, Italian painter (d. 1706)
- April 11 – Abraham van der Hulst, Dutch admiral (d. 1666)
- April 21 – Jan van Riebeeck, founder of Cape Town (d. 1677)
- April 30 – Johannes Spilberg, Dutch painter (d. 1690)
- May 20 – Abiezer Coppe, English "Ranter" and pamphleteer (d. 1672)
- May 24 – Philips Wouwerman, Dutch painter (d. 1668)
- May 26 – Pye Min, King of Burma (d. 1672)
- June 6 – Carel van Savoyen, painter (d. 1665)
- June 13 – Jan Victors, Dutch painter (d. 1676)
- June 14 – Sir Jeffrey Hudson, court dwarf (d. 1682)
- June 24 – Rijckloff van Goens, Dutch colonial governor (d. 1682)
- July 3 – Hyojong of Joseon, seventeenth king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (d. 1659)
- July 27 – Sir Henry Felton, 2nd Baronet, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1690)
- August 5 – Thomas Hall (MP), English politician (d. 1667)
- August 6 – Barbara Strozzi, Italian singer and composer (d. 1677)
- August 7 – Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of King Sigismund III Vasa (d. 1651)
- August 15 – Francesco Maria Farnese, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 1647)
- August 15 – Hubertus Quellinus, Dutch artist (d. 1687)
- August 21 – Sir John Borlase, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1672)
- August 28 – Louis Thomassin, French bishop and theologian (d. 1695)
- August 28 – Anne Geneviève de Bourbon, French princess (d. 1679)
- August 29 – Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French minister of finance (d. 1683)
- September 20 – Sophie Elisabeth Pentz, daughter of Christian IV of Denmark (d. 1657)
- September 21 – Sir John Wray, 3rd Baronet, English politician (d. 1664)
- October 8 – Philipp von Zesen, German poet (d. 1689)
- October 10 – Josias Calmady, English M.P. (d. 1683)
- October 10 – Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg, German princess (d. 1680)
- October 14 – Sir John Bright, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1688)
- October 16 – Johann Friedrich König, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1664)
- October 18 – Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé, French admiral. (d. 1646)
- October 27 – Frederick Louis, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (d. 1681)
- November 5 – Philip de Koninck, Dutch painter (d. 1688)
- November 7 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (d. 1692)
- November 25 – Henry Mildmay (of Graces), English politician (d. 1692)
- December 10 – Thomas Dyke (MP for Seaford), English politician (d. 1669)
- December 17 – Prince Rupert of the Rhine, Royalist commander in the English Civil War (d. 1682)
- December 28 – Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)
- December 31 – John Fitzjames (MP), English politician (d. 1670)
- December 31 – Sylvester Maurus, Italian Jesuit theologian (d. 1687)
- date unknown
- Richard Allestree, provost of Eton College (d. 1681)
- Samuel Collins, English doctor and author (d. 1670)
- Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 8th Duke of Alburquerque (d. 1676)
- King Hyojong of Joseon (d. 1659)
- Willem Kalf, Dutch painter (d. 1693)
- Kumazawa Banzan, Japanese philosopher (d. 1691)
- Shalom Shabazi, Jewish poet of Yemen (d. 1720)
- Wang Fuzhi, philosopher (d. 1692)
- January 7 – Nicholas Hilliard, English painter (b. c. 1547)
- January 11 – Diane de France, Duchess of Angoulême (b. 1538)
- February 3 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
- February 19 – Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
- March 4 – Anne of Denmark, queen of James I of England (b. 1574)
- March 13 – Richard Burbage, English actor (b. c. 1567)
- March 15 – Michael Balfour, 1st Lord Balfour of Burleigh
- March 18 – Chō Tsuratatsu, Japanese samurai (b. 1546)
- March 20 – Mathias, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1557)
- April 10 – Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c. 1550)
- May 13 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (b. 1547)
- May 21 – Hieronymus Fabricius, Italian anatomist (b. 1537)
- July 22 – Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian saint (b. 1559)
- August 3 – Dorothy Percy, Countess of Northumberland (b. c. 1564)
- August 19 – Thomas Dale, governor of the Virginia colony
- August 30 – Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1535)
- September – Hans Lippershey, Dutch lensmaker (b. 1570)
- September 3 – John Gordon, Scottish bishop (b. 1544)
- September 7 – Marko Krizin, Croatian saint (executed) (b. 1588)
- October – Nicholas Yonge, English singer and publisher (b. c. 1560)
- October 14 – Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
- November 13 – Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (b. 1555)
- December 23 – John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1572)
- December 29 – Antoine Arnauld, French lawyer (b. 1560)
- date unknown
- Bagrat VII of Kartli (b. 1569)
- François d'Amboise, French jurist and writer (b. 1550)
- Denis Calvaert, Flemish painter (b. 1540)
- William Couper (bishop), Scottish bishop (b. 1568)
- William Larkin, English painter
- John Overall, English bishop (b. 1559)
- Nabeshima Naoshige, Japanese samurai (b. 1537)
- Robert Peake the elder, English painter (b. c. 1551)
- Thomas Stephens, Jesuit missionary (b. c. 1549)