From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1623 1624 1625 – 1626 – 1627 1628 1629|
|1626 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2379|
|English Regnal year||1 Cha. 1 – 2 Cha. 1|
— to —丙寅年十一月十三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1682–1683|
|- Shaka Samvat||1548–1549|
|- Kali Yuga||4727–4728|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||626–627|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||286 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2169|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1626|
- January 7 – Polish-Swedish War: Gustavus II Adolphus defeats a Polish army in the Battle of Wallhof, Latvia.
- January 9 – Peter Minuit sails from Texel Island for America's New Netherland colony, with 2 ships of Dutch emigrants.
- February 2 – King Charles I of England is crowned, but without his wife, Henrietta Maria, who declines to participate in a non-Catholic ceremony.
- February 5 – The Huguenot rebels and the French government sign the Treaty of Paris, ending the second Huguenot rebellion.
- February 11 – Emperor Susenyos of Ethiopia and Patriarch Afonso Mendes declare the primacy of the Roman See over the Ethiopian Church and Roman Catholicism the state religion of Ethiopia.
- April 25 – Thirty Years' War: Albrecht von Wallenstein defeats Ernst von Mansfelds army in the Battle of Dessau Bridge.
- May 4 – Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherland for the Dutch West India Company.
- May 24 – Peter Minuit buys Manhattan from a Native American tribe (Lenape or Shinnecock) for trade goods, valued at 60 guilders ("$24").
- June 15 – King Charles I of England dissolves the English Parliament.
- July 30 – An earthquake strikes Naples, killing 10,000.
- August 1 – Eighty Years' War: Ernst Casimir of Nassau-Dietz retakes Oldenzaal, forcing Spain to withdraw from Overijssel.
- August 27 – Thirty Years' War: Tilly defeats king Christian IV of Denmark's army in the Battle of Lutter.
- September 30 – Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji.
- November 6 – (O.S.) The ship Arms of Amsterdam arrives in Europe from New Netherland (left September 23) with the news: "They have purchased the Island Manhattes [Manhattan] from the Indians for the value of 60 guilders." (from P. Schagen letter dated November 7).
- November 18 – The new St Peter's Basilica in the Vatican is consecrated, the anniversary of that of the previous church in 326.
- December 1 – Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh, tyrannical Governor of Jerusalem, is forced out.
- December 20 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor and Transylvanian monarch Bethlen Gabor sign the Peace of Pressburg.
Date unknown 
- The Battle of Ningyuan in Xingcheng, Liaoning, China: With a much smaller force, the Ming Dynasty commander Yuan Chonghuan defeats the Manchu tribal leader Nurhaci, who dies soon after and is succeeded by Huang Taiji.
- When Quebec was first established its settlers depended on supplies sent from France. However, Champlain wanted the settlement at Quebec to be able to survive on its own. In 1626, Champlain decided to build a farm to raise livestock, or animals to provide food for the people living in the habitation. Champlain described the construction of Cap tourmente (Kap toor-mont) farm in one of his journals.
- The beginning of the Würzburg witch trial, which led to the mass executions of hundreds of people until 1631.
- January 16 – Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699)
- February 5 – Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French writer (d. 1696)
- March 12 – John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
- May 12 – Louis Hennepin, Flemish Catholic missionary in North America (d. c. 1705)
- May 27 – William II, Prince of Orange (d. 1650)
- August 12 – Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (d. 1690)
- October 4 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1712)
- December 8 – Queen Christina of Sweden (d. 1689)
- December 20 – Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (d. 1692)
- January 24 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)
- February 7 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
- February 11 – Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)
- February 20 – John Dowland, English composer and lutenist (b. 1563)
- April 9 – Francis Bacon, English scientist and statesman (b. 1561)
- April 11 – Marin Getaldić, Croatian scientist (b. 1568)
- May 4 – Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, English bishop and Bible translator (b. 1569)
- May 17 – Joan Pau Pujol, Catalan composer (b. 1570)
- July 13 – Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (b. 1563)
- September 21 – François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (b. 1543)
- September 25 – Lancelot Andrewes, English scholar (b. 1555)
- September 26 – Wakisaka Yasuharu, Japanese warrior (b. 1554)
- September 30 – Nurhaci, Chinese chieftain (b. 1559)
- October 2 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (b. 1567)
- October 30 – Willebrord Snell, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1580)
- November 25 – Edward Alleyn, English actor (b. 1566)
- November 29 – Ernst von Mansfeld, German soldier (b. c. 1580)
- December 8 – John Davies, English poet (b. 1569)
- December 10 – Edmund Gunter, English mathematician (b. 1581)