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This article is about the year 1627. For the number, see 1627 (number).
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1624 1625 1626 – 1627 – 1628 1629 1630|
|1627 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2380|
|Bahá'í calendar||−217 – −216|
|English Regnal year||2 Cha. 1 – 3 Cha. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
4323 or 4263
— to —
丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
4324 or 4264
|- Vikram Samvat||1683–1684|
|- Shaka Samvat||1549–1550|
|- Kali Yuga||4728–4729|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 4
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||285 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2170|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1627.|
- July 4–July 19 – Turkish Abductions: The Barbary pirates raid Iceland.
- July 20–August 19 – Eighty Years' War: Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, lays siege to Grol, the last Spanish stronghold in the eastern Netherlands, and captures it after a 1-month siege.
- July 22 – The English, under the Duke of Buckingham, invade Ré Island in support of the Huguenots in La Rochelle. The invasion does not go well.
- July 27 – An earthquake destroys the cities of San Severo and Torremaggiore in southern Italy.
- September – The Siege of La Rochelle begins.
- November 20 – Thirty Years' War: Bogislaw XIV, Duke of Pomerania, signs the Capitulation of Franzburg, in which Pomerania is forced to pay for the Imperial army that Wallenstein sent to occupy it. Nonetheless, despite the treaty, Pomerania is devastated by the Imperial troops.
- November 28 – Polish-Swedish War: A Polish-Lithuanian fleet defeats a Swedish fleet in the Battle of Oliwa.
- A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia.
- The aurochs are hunted to extinction, the last being killed by poachers in Poland.
- England places the first European settlers on Barbados.
- After the First Manchu invasion of Korea, the Joseon Dynasty of Korea becomes a tributary state of the Manchus, but still pays respects to the Ming Dynasty of China. After rejecting a Manchu alteration to the original diplomatic terms in 1636, the Manchus invade again in 1637.
- Rock blasting invented: black gunpowder is first used in mining, in a mineshaft under Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia.
- Archduke Ferdinand III of Austria, heir apparent of the Habsburg Monarchy and a future Holy Roman Emperor, already King of Hungary ascends to be king of the religiously troubled Bohemia where his (still living) father's repression of Protestantism had triggered the ongoing Thirty Years' War in 1618.
- January 25 – Robert Boyle, English scientist (d. 1691)
- February 2 – Sir Robert Kemp, 2nd Baronet, English politician (d. 1710)
- February 10 – Cornelis de Bie, Brabant rederijker (d. 1715)
- February 15 – Charles Morton (educator), Cornish nonconformist minister (d. 1698)
- February 19 – Shivaji, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle, founder of the Maratha Empire in western India in 1674 (d. 1680)
- February 21 – Philips Augustijn Immenraet, painter (d. 1679)
- February 28 – Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford, (d. 1703)
- March 9 – Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk, English noble (d. 1677)
- March 9 – Walter Moyle (MP), English politician (d. 1701)
- March 14 – Roelant Roghman, Dutch Golden Age painter (d. 1692)
- March 27 – Sir Stephen Fox, English statesman (d. 1716)
- April 9 – Johann Kaspar Kerll, German composer and organist (d. 1693)
- April 22 – Tsarevna Irina Mikhailovna of Russia, Russian tsarevna (d. 1679)
- May 4 – Giuseppe Francesco Borri, alchemist (d. 1695)
- May 16 – Willem van Aelst, Artist (d. 1683)
- May 16 – Rudolph Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1704)
- May 17 – Hector d'Andigné de Grandfontaine (d. 1696)
- May 29 – Anne, Duchess of Montpensier, French princess and duchess (d. 1693)
- June 4 – Eiler Holck, Danish military officer (d. 1696)
- June 14 – Johann Abraham Ihle, German amateur astronomer (d. 1699)
- June 19 – Thomas Richardson, 2nd Lord Cramond, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1674)
- July 1 – Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Consort of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels (d. 1669)
- July 3 – Juan Ortega y Montañés, Roman Catholic bishop and colonial administrator in Guatemala and New Spain (d. 1708)
- July 18 – Henry Howard, 5th Earl of Suffolk, youngest son of Theophilus Howard (d. 1709)
- July 20 – Thomas Wynne, personal physician of William Penn (d. 1691)
- July 28 – John Francis Desideratus, Prince of Nassau-Siegen, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (1652-1699) (d. 1699)
- August 1 – Princess Louise of Savoy, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden (d. 1689)
- August 2 – Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter of the Golden Age (d. 1678)
- August 8 – Joseph Moxon (d. 1691)
- August 21 – August of Legnica, Silesian nobleman (d. 1679)
- August 21 – Louis Cousin, French translator (d. 1707)
- August 26 – Philipp Jakob Sachs (d. 1672)
- August 30 – Itō Jinsai, Japanese philosopher (d. 1705)
- August 30 – Margaretha van Godewijk, Dutch Golden Age poet and painter (d. 1677)
- September 11 – John Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (d. 1683)
- September 12 – Humbertus Guilielmus de Precipiano, Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1711)
- September 27 – Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and theologian (d. 1704)
- October 2 – Adrian of Moscow, Patriarch of Moscow (d. 1700)
- October 3 – William Crispin, one of five Commissioners appointed by William Penn for settling Pennsylvania (d. 1681)
- October 4 – Francisco Varo, Spanish linguist (d. 1687)
- October 4 – Sir John Fagg, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1701)
- November 5 – Herman Egon, Prince of Fürstenberg, High Chamberlain of the Elector of Bavaria (d. 1674)
- November 12 – Diego Luis de San Vitores, Spanish Jesuit missionary to Guam (d. 1672)
- November 16 – Erasmus Finx (d. 1694)
- November 18 – John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1693)
- November 20 – Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel, consort of Charles I Louis (d. 1686)
- November 24 – Theophil Großgebauer, German theologian active (d. 1661)
- November 29 – John Ray, English biologist (d. 1705)
- December 3 – St John Brodrick (1627–1711), Irish Member of Parliament (d. 1711)
- December 7 – Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau, Electress Consort of Brandenbyrg (d. 1667)
- December 10 – Jean Baptiste de Champaigne, painter (d. 1681)
- date unknown
- February 22 – Olivier van Noort, Dutch navigator (b. 1558)
- March 6 – Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)
- April 19 – Sir John Beaumont, English poet (b. 1583)
- May 2 – Lodovico Grossi da Viadana, Italian composer (b. 1560)
- May 24 – Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet (b. 1561)
- June 27 – Sir John Hayward, English historian (b. c. 1560)
- August 21 – Jacques Mauduit, French composer (b. 1557)
- September 20 – Jan Gruter, Dutch scholar (b. 1560)
- October 28 – Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1569)
- date unknown