From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1600s 1610s 1620s – 1630s – 1640s 1650s 1660s|
|Years:||1634 1635 1636 – 1637 – 1638 1639 1640|
|1637 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2390|
|English Regnal year||12 Cha. 1 – 13 Cha. 1|
— to —丁丑年十一月十六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1693–1694|
|- Shaka Samvat||1559–1560|
|- Kali Yuga||4738–4739|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||637–638|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 14
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||275 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2180|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1637|
- February 3 – Tulip mania collapses in the Dutch Republic.
- February 15 – Ferdinand III becomes the Holy Roman Emperor.
- February 18 – Eighty Years' War: Battle off Lizard Point: Off the coast of Cornwall, England, a Spanish fleet intercepts an Anglo-Dutch merchant convoy of 44 vessels escorted by 6 warships, destroying or capturing 20 of them.
- April 10 – Plymouth Colony grants the "tenn menn of Saugust" a new settlement on Cape Cod, later named Sandwich, Massachusetts.
- May 26 – Pequot War: A band of English settlers under Captain John Mason, and their Narragansett and Mohegan allies, set fire to a fortified Pequot village near the Mystic River in what is later known as the Mystic massacre. Between 400 to 700 people, mostly women and children and old men, are killed.
- May – Chinese encyclopedist Song Yingxing publishes his Tiangong Kaiwu (Exploitation of the Works of Nature), considered one of the most valuable encyclopedias of classical China.
- June 27 – The first English venture to China is attempted by captain John Weddell, who sails into port in Macau and Canton during the late Ming Dynasty. The voyages are for trade, which is dominated there by the Portuguese (then combined with the power of Spain).
- 23 July - After a court battle, King Charles I handed over title to the North American colony of Massachusetts to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, one of the founders of Plymouth Council for New England.
- October 13 – The launching ceremony is held for HMS Sovereign of the Seas, the gilded warship of the British Royal Navy.
- December 17 – The Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan.
Date unknown 
- Second Manchu invasion of Korea: The Joseon court reluctantly submits to the Manchu's demands of vassalhood while continuing to pledge loyalty to the Chinese Ming Dynasty.
- Pierre de Fermat makes a notation, in a document margin, claiming to have proof of what would become known as Fermat's Last Theorem.
- France places a few missionaries in the Côte d'Ivoire, a country it will rule more than 200 years later.
- The Kingdom of England wages war against the Mashantucket Pequots.
- The first opera house, Teatro San Cassiano, opens in Venice.
- René Descartes promotes intellectual rigour in his Discourse on the Method and introduces the Cartesian coordinate system in its appendix La Géométrie (published in Leiden).
- Scottish army officer Robert Monro publishes Monro, His Expedition With the Worthy Scots Regiment Called Mac-Keys in London, the first military history in English.
- Elizabeth Poole becomes the first woman to have founded a town (Taunton, Massachusetts) in the Americas.
- The Blessed Virgin is proclaimed Queen of Genoa.
- Six European ships dock at a port in China, bringing 38,421 pairs of eyeglasses to China during the late Ming Dynasty, perhaps the first recorded European-made eyeglasses to enter China.
- 30,000 peasants in the heavily Catholic area of northern Kyūshū revolt.
- January 1 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
- February 12 – Jan Swammerdam, Dutch scientist (d. 1680)
- June 10 – Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
- August 27 – Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (d. 1715)
- November 30 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (d. 1698)
- December 6 – Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (d. 1714)
- December 7 – Bernardo Pasquini, Italian composer (d. 1710)
- December 24 – Pierre Jurieu, French Protestant leader (d. 1713)
- February 15 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1578)
- March 19 – Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman (b. 1570)
- April 30 – Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)
- May 19 – Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (b. 1588)
- June 24 – Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)
- August 6 – Ben Jonson, English writer (b. 1572)
- August 14 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
- August 17 – Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (b. 1582)
- September 8 – Robert Fludd, English mystic (b. 1574)
- September 27 – Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint (b. c.1600)
- December 4 – Nicholas Ferrar, English trader (b. 1592)
- December 27 – Vincenzo Giustiniani, banker (b. 1564)
- Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8.
- Brook, Timothy' (1998). The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China p. 57. ISBN 0520221540.