1637 in literature
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The year 1637 in literature involved some significant events.
- January - Pierre Corneille's tragicomedy Le Cid first performed at the Théâtre du Marais in Paris. Based on Guillén de Castro's play Las mocedades del Cid (1618), it is first published later in the year and sparks the debate of the Querelle du Cid at the Académie française over its failure to observe all the classical unities of drama and supposed lack of moral purpose, but proves popular with audiences.
- January 24 - Hamlet is performed before King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria at Hampton Court Palace.
- October 2 - The London theatres re-open, having been closed almost continuously since May 1636 because of a severe outbreak of bubonic plague.
- The King's Men mount a production for the Court of William Cartwright's The Royal Slave, a play that was first staged at Christ Church, Oxford the previous year. The company is paid an extra £30 "for their pains in studying and acting" the drama.
- María de Zayas - Novelas amorosas y ejemplares
- René Descartes - Discours de la méthode pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la vérité dans les sciences
- Thomas Heywood - Pleasant Dialogues and Dramas
- Marin Mersenne - Traité de l'harmonie universelle
- Song Yingxing - Tiangong Kaiwu
- Pedro Calderón de la Barca - El Tetrarca published
- Pierre Corneille - Le Cid
- John Fletcher and Philip Massinger - The Elder Brother published
- François Tristan l'Hermite - Penthée
- Thomas Heywood - The Royal King and the Loyal Subject published
- John Milton - Comus (masque) published
- Thomas Nabbes - Microcosmus, a Moral Masque
- Thomas Neale - The Warde
- Joseph Rutter - The Cid, Part 1 published
- James Shirley - five plays published in five single-play quartos: The Example, The Gamester, Hyde Park, The Lady of Pleasure, and The Young Admiral
- Sir John Suckling - Aglaura
- Joost van den Vondel - Gijsbrecht van Aemstel written
- George Wilde - The Converted Robber
- William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling - Recreations of the Muses
- James Day - A New Spring of Divine Poetry
- Thomas Jordan - Poetical Varieties
- Shackerley Marmion - Cupid and Psyche, a 2000-line translation and adaptation of The Golden Ass of Apuleius
- December 24 - Pierre Jurieu, French Protestant theologian (died 1713)
- December 27 - Petar Kanavelić, Croatian poet and songwriter (died 1719)
- December 30 - William Cave, English theologian (died 1713)
- date unknown - Zeb-un-Nisa, Sufi poet (died 1702)
- probable - Robert Ferguson, Scottish pamphleteer (died 1714)
- February - Gervase Markham, English poet (born c.1568)
- February 24 - Dominicus Arumaeus, Dutch legal writer (born 1579)
- March 19 - Péter Pázmány, Hungarian philosopher and theologian (born 1570)
- May 19 - Isaac Beeckman, Dutch philosopher and diarist (born 1588)
- August 6 - Ben Jonson, English poet and dramatist (born c.1572)
- August 10
- October 5 - Daniel Cramer, German Lutheran theologian and dramatist (born 1568)