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This article is about the year 1639.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1600s 1610s 1620s – 1630s – 1640s 1650s 1660s|
|Years:||1636 1637 1638 – 1639 – 1640 1641 1642|
|1639 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2392|
|Bahá'í calendar||−205 – −204|
|English Regnal year||14 Cha. 1 – 15 Cha. 1|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4335 or 4275
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4336 or 4276
|- Vikram Samvat||1695–1696|
|- Shaka Samvat||1561–1562|
|- Kali Yuga||4740–4741|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 16
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||273 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2182|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1639.|
- January 14 – Connecticut's first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted.
- c. January – The first printing press in British North America is started in Cambridge, Massachusetts by Stephen Daye.
- March 3 – The early settlement of Taunton, Massachusetts is incorporated as a town.
- March 13 – Harvard University is named for clergyman John Harvard.
- April 14 – Swedish forces under Johan Banér inflict a crushing defeat on the Imperial army at the Battle of Chemnitz. This prolongs the Thirty Years' War and allows the Swedes to occupy Pirna and advance into Bohemia.
- May – The first of the Bishops' Wars breaks out between Charles I and Scotland. Charles arrives with his army at Berwick-on-Tweed.
- June – The first battle of the Bishops' Wars is fought by Earl Marischal and the Marquess of Montrose, when they lead a Covenanter army of 9,000 men past Muchalls Castle over the Causey Mounth to fight at the Bridge of Dee.
- June 18 – The Treaty of Berwick is signed by Charles I and the Scots.
- August 22 – The British East India Company buys a strip of land from the King of the Vijayanagara Empire, Peda Venkata Raya, for the construction of Fort St. George, the first settlement of British India, so founding modern-day Chennai, capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu (celebrated as Madras Day).
- October 31 – Naval Battle of the Downs: A Republic of the United Provinces fleet decisively defeats a Spanish fleet in English waters.
- December 4 (November 24 O.S.) – Jeremiah Horrocks observes the transit of Venus.
- The Casiquiare canal, a river forming a natural canal between the Amazon River and Orinoco River basins, is first encountered by Europeans.
- The Barbados House of Assembly meets for the first time.
- Russian Cossacks advance over the Urals to the Pacific, to Okhotsk.
- Montreal is first settled.
- Sakoku starts in Japan (approximate date).
- Dejima became the only official port of trade allowed for Europeans, with the multi-national United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) as the only European party officially allowed. Trading parties from China, India, and so on are still officially allowed; though the United East Indies Company would usually become the broker for those parties.
- Japanese wives and children of Dutch and British people from Hirado are sent to Batavia (later on renamed as Jakarta by the Japanese around 3 centuries later) on Dutch ships, the Asian headquarters of the United East Indies Company.
- Jules Mazarin enters the service of Richelieu.
- Treaty of Zuhab between Ottoman (Turkish) Empire and Safavid Persia. Modern Turkey-Iran and Iraq-Iran border lines.
- January 1 – Consort Donggo, concubine of the Shunzhi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (d. 1660)
- January 1 – Jacob Knijff, Dutch painter (d. 1681)
- January 1 – Samuel Peterson, early settler of New Sweden, founder of present-day Wilmington (d. 1689)
- January 1 – Sir Thomas Spencer, 3rd Baronet, Member of the English Parliament (d. 1685)
- January 3 – Éléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse, grandmother of George II of Great Britain, great-grandmother of Frederick the Great (d. 1722)
- January 5 – Otto Wilhelm Königsmarck, Swedish military officer from Minden (d. 1688)
- January 16 – John Proby (died 1710), English politician (d. 1710)
- January 17 – Sir Francis Lee, 4th Baronet, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1667)
- January 19 – Gover Le Buen, Freedom fighter (d. 1712)
- January 19 – Noël Alexandre, French theologian and ecclesiastical historian (d. 1724)
- January 20 – Hungerford Dunch, English politician (d. 1680)
- January 31 – Duke Bernhard of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön, German-Danish General (d. 1676)
- February 4 – Alessandro Melani, Italian composer (d. 1703)
- February 6 – Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (d. 1691)
- March 7 – Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond (d. 1672)
- March 20 – Ivan Mazepa, Hetman of Ukraine (d. 1709)
- March 30 – Elanor Allerton, Colonist (d. 1674)
- April 3 – Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (d. 1682)
- April 12 – Martin Lister (d. 1712)
- April 13 – Joan Leonardsz Blasius, Dutch writer (d. 1672)
- April 29 – François Nepveu, writer on ascetical subjects (d. 1708)
- May 8 – Giovanni Battista Gaulli (Il Baciccio), Italian painter of High Baroque (d. 1709)
- May 10 – Peleg Sanford, Rhode Island colonial governor (d. 1701)
- May 19 – Charles Weston, 3rd Earl of Portland, English Earl (d. 1665)
- May 27 – Laura Martinozzi, Duchess consort of Modena (d. 1687)
- June 21 – Increase Mather, American minister (d. 1723)
- July 8 – John Vaughan, 3rd Earl of Carbery, English politician and Irish Earl (d. 1713)
- July 15 – Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran (d. 1686)
- August 18 – William Lowther (1639–1705), British politician (d. 1705)
- August 28 – Marie Mancini, third of the five Mancini sisters (d. 1715)
- August 30 – Cornelia van der Veer, Dutch poet (d. 1704)
- September 7 – David Martin (French theologian) (d. 1721)
- September 8 – William Trumbull, English diplomat and politician (d. 1716)
- September 17 – Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (d. 1725)
- September 21 – Robbert Duval (1639–1732), painter from the Northern Netherlands (d. 1732)
- September 29 – Sir John Seton, 1st Baronet, Nova Scotian Baronet (d. 1686)
- September 29 – Lord William Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
- October 14 – Simon van der Stel, Dutch explorer (d. 1712)
- October 17 – Charles-Claude Genest, French dramatist and playwright (d. 1719)
- November 17 – Eleazer Kimberly (d. 1709)
- November 21 – Fortunatus Hueber, German Franciscan historian and theologian (d. 1706)
- December 3 – Isidoro de Atondo y Antillon (d. 1689)
- December 18 – Gottfried Kirch, German astronomer (d. 1710)
- December 22 – Jean Racine, French dramatist (d. 1699)
- December 28 – Dirk van Bleiswijk, Delft politician and writer (d. 1681)
- December 29 – Muhammad Sultan of Mughal, Mughal Empire emperor (d. 1676)
- date unknown
- January – Shackerley Marmion, English dramatist (b. 1603)
- January 20 – Mustafa I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1592)
- January 23 – Francisco Maldonado da Silva, Peruvian Jewish poet (b. 1592)
- January 24 – Georg Jenatsch, Swiss politician (b. 1596)
- May 21 – Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian and poet (b. 1568)
- June 1 – Melchior Franck, German composer (b. c. 1579)
- July 18 – Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
- August 4 – Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, Mexican dramatist (b. c. 1571)
- August 20 – Martin Opitz von Boberfeld, German poet (b. 1597)
- September 20 – Johannes Meursius, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1579)
- October 28 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (b. 1587)
- November 7 – Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician (b. c. 1560)
- November 26 – John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
- Roberts, J. (1994). History of the World. Penguin.
- "平戸観光協会｜History". Retrieved 2014-July-10.