From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1600s 1610s 1620s – 1630s – 1640s 1650s 1660s|
|Years:||1636 1637 1638 – 1639 – 1640 1641 1642|
|1639 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2392|
|English Regnal year||14 Cha. 1 – 15 Cha. 1|
— to —己卯年十二月初八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1695–1696|
|- Shaka Samvat||1561–1562|
|- Kali Yuga||4740–4741|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||639–640|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 16
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||273 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2182|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1639|
- January 14 – Connecticut's first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted.
- March 3 – The early settlement of Taunton, Massachusetts is incorporated as a town.
- March 13 – Harvard University is named for clergyman John Harvard.
- April 14 – Swedish forces under Johan Baner inflict a crushing defeat on the Imperial army at the Battle of Chemnitz. This prolongs the Thirty Year's War and allows the Swedes to occupy Pirna and advance into Bohemia.
- May – The first of the Bishops' Wars breaks out between Charles I and Scotland. Charles arrives with his army at Berwick-on-Tweed.
- June – The first battle of the Bishops' Wars is fought by Earl Marischal and the Marquess of Montrose, when they lead a Covenanter army of 9,000 men past Muchalls Castle over the Causey Mounth to fight at the Bridge of Dee.
- June 18 – The Treaty of Berwick is signed by Charles I and the Scots.
- August 22 – The British East India Company buys a strip of land from the King of the Vijayanagara Empire, Peda Venkata Raya, so founding modern-day Chennai, capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
- October 31 – Naval Battle of the Downs: A Republic of the United Provinces fleet decisively defeats a Spanish fleet in English waters.
- November 24 – Jeremiah Horrocks observes the transit of Venus.
Date unknown 
- Fort St George, the first settlement of British India, is founded at Madras. 
- The Casiquiare canal, a river forming a natural canal between the Amazon River and Orinoco River basins, is first encountered by Europeans.
- The Barbados House of Assembly meets for the first time.
- The second printing press in North America is started in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- Russian Cossacks advance over the Urals to the Pacific, to Okhotsk.
- Montreal is first settled.
- Sakoku (closed country policy) starts in Japan (approximate date).
- Jules Mazarin enters the service of Richelieu.
- Treaty of Zuhab between Ottoman (Turkish) Empire and Safavid Persia. Modern Turkey-Iran and Iraq-Iran border lines.
- February 6 – Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (d. 1691)
- March 7 – Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond (d. 1672)
- March 20 – Ivan Mazepa, Hetman of Ukraine (d. 1709)
- May 8 – Giovanni Battista Gaulli (Il Baciccio), Italian painter of High Baroque
- June 21 – Increase Mather, American minister (d. 1723)
- September 17 – Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (d. 1725)
- September 29 – Lord William Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
- December 22 – Jean Racine, French dramatist (d. 1699)
- date unknown
- January – Shackerley Marmion, English dramatist (b. 1603)
- January 20 – Mustafa I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1592)
- January 23 – Francisco Maldonado de Silva, Peruvian Jewish poet (b. 1592)
- January 24 – Georg Jenatsch, Swiss politician (b. 1596)
- May 21 – Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian and poet (b. 1568)
- June 1 – Melchior Franck, German composer (b. c. 1579)
- July 18 – Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
- August 4 – Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, Mexican dramatist (b. c. 1571)
- August 20 – Martin Opitz von Boberfeld, German poet (b. 1597)
- September 20 – Johannes Meursius, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1579)
- October 28 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (b. 1587)
- November 7 – Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician (b. c. 1560)
- November 26 – John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
- Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.