1642 in England
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Events from the year 1642 in the Kingdom of England.
Monarch - Charles I
- 4 January - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. This is the last time any monarch will enter the House of Commons.
- January - Charles I agrees to parliament’s request to order that the last Wednesday in each month should be kept as a fast day.
- 13 February - Charles assents to the Bishops Exclusion Act thereby removing all bishops from the House of Lords.
- 27 February - Charles rejects the Militia Bill.
- 5 March - Parliament declares that "the People are bound by the Ordinance for the Militia, though it has not received the Royal Assent".
- 18 June - Charles rejects the Nineteen Propositions.
- 10 July–30 July - Charles besieges Hull in an attempt to gain control of its arsenal.
- 22 August - Charles raises the royal battle standard over Nottingham Castle, so beginning the English Civil War against his own Parliament.
- 2 September - Parliament orders the theatres of London to be closed, effectively ending the era of English Renaissance theatre.
- 7 September - Siege of Portsmouth (begun on 10 August) ends with Royalists surrendering the port to Parliament.
- 23 September - English Civil War: Royalist victory at the Battle of Powick Bridge.
- 23 October - English Civil War: Royalist victory at the Battle of Edgehill, the first pitched battle of the War.
- 29 October - King Charles enters Oxford and establishes his court there.
- 13 November - At the Battle of Turnham Green, the Royalist forces withdraw in face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London.
- Undated - Charles' eldest daughter Mary becomes the first child of an English Sovereign to be granted the title Princess Royal.
- 15 March (bapt.) - Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester (died 1711)
- 20 June - George Hickes, minister and scholar (died 1715)
- 23 December - John Holt, Lord Chief Justice (died 1710)
- 25 December - Isaac Newton, mathematician and physicist (died 1727)
- 7 February - William Bedell, clergyman (born 1571)
- 24 October - Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey Fen drainage adventurer and soldier (born 1583)
- 7 November - Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, politician (born c. 1563)
- British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638-60
- "Christmas abolished!". Oliver Cromwell. The Cromwell Association. 2001–2005. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 178–179. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.