From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1610s 1620s 1630s – 1640s – 1650s 1660s 1670s|
|Years:||1646 1647 1648 – 1649 – 1650 1651 1652|
|1649 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2402|
|English Regnal year||24 Cha. 1 – 1 Cha. 2
— to —己丑年十一月廿八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1705–1706|
|- Shaka Samvat||1571–1572|
|- Kali Yuga||4750–4751|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||649–650|
|Japanese calendar||Keian 2
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||263 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2192|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1649|
- January 27 – King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is found guilty of treason in a public session. He is beheaded three days later, outside the Banqueting Hall in the Palace of Whitehall, London.
- January 30
- Following the execution of King Charles I, the Commonwealth of England, a republican form of government, replaces the monarchy as the form of government of England and later of Scotland and Ireland. Members of the Long Parliament serve as government.
- Charles, Prince of Wales declares himself King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. At the time, none of the three kingdoms recognize him as ruler.
- February 5 – In Edinburgh, Scotland claimant King Charles II of England is declared King in his absence. Scotland is the first of the three Kingdoms to recognize his claim to the throne.
- March 11 – The rebel Frondeurs and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
- March 19 – The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring that it is "useless and dangerous to the people of England".
- March – Robert Blake is promoted to become a "General at Sea" of the English fleet.
- May 17 – The Banbury mutiny in England ends – leaders of the Leveller mutineers in the New Model Army are hanged.
- May 19 – An act declaring England to be a Commonwealth is passed by the Rump Parliament.
- May 22–October – Robert Blake blockades Prince Rupert's fleet in Kinsale, Ireland.
- August – The Diggers abandon their last major colony at St. George's Hill, Weybridge, England.
- August 8 – Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh completes Book VIII of Leabhar na nGenealach, in Galway, within days of an outbreak of the plague.
- August 15 – Oliver Cromwell lands in Dublin to begin the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland.
- September 2 – The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
- September 3–11 – Siege of Drogheda in Ireland: New Model Army massacre the Irish Catholic Confederation garrison.
- October 2–11 – Sack of Wexford in Ireland: New Model Army massacre the Irish Catholic Confederation garrison.
Date unknown 
- February 2 – Pope Benedict XIII (d. 1730)
- February 8 – Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
- February 11 – William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
- April 5 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (d. 1721)
- April 9 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1685)
- June 13 – Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (d. 1706)
- July 23 – Pope Clement XI (d. 1721)
- September 15 – Titus Oates, English clergyman and plotter (d. 1705)
- January 30 – King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland (executed) (b. 1600)
- March 9 – James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
- March 9 – Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)
- March 16 – Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
- March 19 – Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)
- March 22 – Agostinho Barbosa, Portuguese bishop in Italy and writer on canon law (d. 1589).
- March 26 – John Winthrop First Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. c. 1587)
- May 14 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (b. 1600)
- June 3 – Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
- September 6 – Robert Dudley, styled Earl of Warwick, English explorer and geographer (b. 1574)
- September 15 – John Floyd, English Jesuit preacher (b. 1572)
- October 3 – Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1576)
- October 16 – Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
- November 19 – Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (b. 1576)
- December 4 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)
- December 7 – Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1606)
- December 8 – Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1613)
- "March 1649 - An Act for the Abolishing the House of Peers.". Retrieved 2012-02-16.
- Baumber, Michael (2004). "Blake, Robert (bap. 1598, d. 1657)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2582. Retrieved 2010-08-24. (subscription or UK public library membership required)