1649 in Ireland
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- January 30
- May 22–October - Robert Blake blockades Prince Rupert's fleet in Kinsale.
- August 2 - Battle of Rathmines - A combined Irish Confederate and English Royalist force trying to besiege Dublin is routed by the English Parliamentarians with heavy casualties.
- August 15 - Oliver Cromwell lands in Dublin with the New Model Army to begin the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland.
- September 3 - Siege of Drogheda begins.
- September 11 - Sack of Drogheda: Cromwell takes the town and put its Irish Catholic Confederation garrison to death.
- October 2 - Siege of Wexford begins.
- October 11- Sack of Wexford: Cromwell's forces take and sack the town, killing many of its defenders and several hundred civilians.
- October 19 - New Ross falls to the English Parliamentarian forces.
- November (early) - Battle of Arklow: An Irish force attacks Cromwell's army as it marches south but is beaten off.
- November 19 - Carrick-on-Suir taken by stealth by Cromwellian forces after they discover an undefended gate. An Irish counter-attack under Major Geoghegan on November 24 is repulsed with five hundred Irish Confederate soldiers killed.
- November 24 - Cromwell's army arrives before Waterford to besiege the city.
- December 6 - Battle of Lisnagarvey - A Scottish Covenanter force is routed by the English Parliamentarian New Model Army.
- December 10 - Cromwell calls off the siege of Waterford and retires to Youghal: due to bad weather and disease, only 3,000 of his 6,500 besieging force are still fit for duty.
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- September 11 - Arthur Aston, Royalist commander (killed during the sack of Drogheda).
- November 6 - Owen Roe O'Neill Irish Catholic general (dies of disease).
- December - Michael Jones, English Parliamentarian general (dies of disease at the siege of Waterford).