1652 in England
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Events from the year 1652 in the Commonwealth of England.
- 19 May - First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of Goodwin Sands fought off Dover between Lt.-Admiral Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp's 42 Dutch ships and 21 English ships divided into two squadrons, one commanded by Robert Blake and the other by Nehemiah Bourne.
- 13 June - George Fox preaches to a large crowd on Firbank Fell in Westmorland, leading to the establishment of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
- 30 June - First Anglo-Dutch War: Britain formally declares war on the Netherlands.
- 26 August - First Anglo-Dutch War: An English fleet attacks an outward-bound convoy of the United Provinces escorted by 23 men-of-war and six fire ships commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter at the Battle of Plymouth.
- 6 September - First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of Elba
- 8 October - First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Kentish Knock fought in the North Sea about 30 km from the mouth of the river Thames.
- 30 November - First Anglo-Dutch War: English under Blake defeated by Dutch under Tromp at the Battle of Dungeness.
- Thomas Nicols' Lapidary, or, the history of pretious stones, the first work in English on gemstones.
- 21 June - Inigo Jones, architect (born 1573)
- 23 August - John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, royalist politician (born 1600)
- 8 October - John Greaves, mathematician and antiquarian (born 1602)