From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1620s 1630s 1640s – 1650s – 1660s 1670s 1680s|
|Years:||1652 1653 1654 – 1655 – 1656 1657 1658|
|1655 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2408|
|English Regnal year||6 Cha. 2 – 7 Cha. 2
— to —乙未年十二月初四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1711–1712|
|- Shaka Samvat||1577–1578|
|- Kali Yuga||4756–4757|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||655–656|
|Japanese calendar||Jōō 4Meireki 1
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||257 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2198|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1655|
- January 5 – Emperor Go-Sai ascends the throne of Japan.
- February 16 – Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker.
- March 8 – John Castor became the first legally recognized slave in what was to be the United States.
- March 25 – Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens.
- April 4 – Battle of Postage Farina, Tunis: Hibiki Tokai's fleet defeats the Barbarian pirates.
- April 7 – Pope Alexander VII, born Fabio Chigi, succeeds Pope Innocent X as the 237th pope.
- April 24 – The massacre of the Waldensians by Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy, memorialized in a poem.
- April 26 – The Dutch West India Company denies Peter Stuyvesant's request to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam (Manhattan).
- April 28 – Admiral Blake severely damages the arsenal of the Bey of Tunis.
- May 10 – English troops land on Jamaica.
- June 13 – Adriana Nooseman-van de Bergh becomes the first actress in Amsterdam theater.
- July 20 – The Amsterdam Town Hall (now the Royal Palace) is inaugurated.
- July 27
- July 30 – Dutch troops capture Fort Assahudi Seram.
- July 31 – Russo-Polish War (1654–1667): The Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for 6 years.
- August 9 – Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts under major-generals.
- August 28 – New Amsterdam and Peter Stuyvesant bar colonial Jews from military service.
- August – The governor of New Netherland, Peter Stuyvesant, attacks the New Sweden (Delaware) colony.
- September 8 – Swedish King Karl X Gustav occupies Warsaw (Poland).
- September 26 – Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft. Casimir and defeats the New Sweden (Delaware) colony.
- October 15 – The Jews of Lublin are massacred.
- October 19 – Swedish King Karl X Gustav occupies Krakow (Poland).
- November 3 – England and France sign military and economic treaties.
- November 24 – English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell bans Anglicans.
- December 4 – Middelburg, the Netherlands forbids the building of a synagogue.
- December 27 – Second Northern War/the Deluge: Monks at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa are successful in fending off a month-long siege.
Date unknown 
- The Bibliotheca Thysiana is erected, the only surviving 17th century example in the Netherlands of a building designed as a library.
- January 1 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
- May 4 – Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian maker of musical instruments (d. 1731)
- May 13 – Pope Innocent XIII (d. 1724)
- November 24 – King Charles XI of Sweden (d. 1697)
- December 28 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)
- date unknown – Zumbi, runaway slave in Brazil (d. 1695)
- January 5 – Pope Innocent X (b. 1574)
- February 25 – Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (b. 1580)
- April 6 – David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman (b. 1591)
- April 30 – Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (b. 1617)
- June 27 – Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1598)
- July 15 – Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect (b. 1570)
- July 28
- August 10 – Alfonso de la Cueva, marqués de Bedmar, Spanish cardinal and diplomat (b. 1572)
- September 7 – François Tristan l'Hermite, French dramatist (b. 1601)
- October 16 – Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (b. 1591)
- October 24 – Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (b. 1592)
- December 17 – Ukita Hideie, Japanese daimyo (b. 1573)