From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1620s 1630s 1640s – 1650s – 1660s 1670s 1680s|
|Years:||1653 1654 1655 – 1656 – 1657 1658 1659|
|1656 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2409|
|English Regnal year||7 Cha. 2 – 8 Cha. 2
— to —丙申年十一月十六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1712–1713|
|- Shaka Samvat||1578–1579|
|- Kali Yuga||4757–4758|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||656–657|
|Japanese calendar||Meireki 2
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||256 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2199|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1656|
- January 17 – Treaty of Königsberg is signed, establishing alliance between Charles X Gustav of Sweden and Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg.
- January 24 – first Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland.
- April 1 – King 1st Jan Kazimierz crowns Our Lady of Częstochowa (the Black Madonna) as Queen and Protector of Poland in the cathedral of Lwów after the miraculous saving of the monastery of Jasna Góra during The Deluge, an event which actually changed the course of the war.
- April 28 – The ship Vergulde Draeck is wrecked off Ledge Point, Western Australia after it departs the Cape of Good Hope; rescue missions fail to find survivors.
- July – In an attempt to rescue survivors of the Vergulde Draeck, a search party is sent ashore, in Goede Hoop's boat, which smashes against rocks and sinks: 8 sailors drown; 3 more disappear ashore.
- December – The pendulum clock is invented by Christian Huygens.
- December 20 – Treaty of Labiau is signed between Charles X Gustav of Sweden and Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg.
Date unknown 
- Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire.
- The Stockholm Banco, the first bank to issue banknotes, is founded.
- The only Fifty Shilling British coin is minted.
- Adams' Grammar School in Shropshire, England is founded by William Adams.
- The Dutch capture the city of Colombo in Sri Lanka.
- Konoike Zen'amon (son of Konoike Shinroku) founds a baking and money-changing business in Osaka.
- Samuel Stockhausen publishes his “Treatise on the Noxious Fumes of Litharge, Diseases caused by them and Miners’ Asthma”
- April 10 – René Lepage de Sainte-Claire, lord-founder of Rimouski in eastern Quebec, Canada. (d. 1718)
- May 31 – Marin Marais, French composer and viol player (d. 1728)
- June 5 – Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist (d. 1708)
- July 7 – Guru Har Krishan, Eighth Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)
- August 6 – Claude de Forbin, French naval commander (d. 1733)
- September 6 – Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1723)
- September 14 – Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (d. 1746)
- October 20 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (d. 1746)
- November 8 – Edmond Halley, English scientist (d. 1742)
- date unknown
- January 3 – Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
- March 21 – James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland (b. 1581)
- April 24 – Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)
- April 27 – Jan van Goyen, Dutch painter (b. 1596)
- June 9 – Thomas Tomkins, Welsh composer (b. 1572)
- July 2 – François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)
- August 11 – Ottavio Piccolomini, Austrian-Italian field marshal (b. 1599)
- September 8 – Joseph Hall (English Bishop and satirist), English bishop and writer (b. 1574)
- October – Stephen Bachiler, English clergyman (b. c. 1561)
- October 3 – Myles Standish, Mayflower colonist (b. c.1584)
- October 8 – John George I, Elector of Saxony (b. 1585)
- November 6 – King John IV of Portugal (b. 1603)
- December 27 – Andrew White, Apostle of Maryland (b. 1579)