1656 in England
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Events from the year 1656 in The Protectorate.
- Lord Protector - Oliver Cromwell
- 2 April - Anglo-Spanish War: King Philip IV of Spain signs a treaty with Charles II of England for the reconquest of England.
- May - First performance of The Siege of Rhodes, Part I, by Sir William Davenant, the first English opera (under the guise of a recitative), in a private theatre at his home, Rutland House, in the City of London. This also includes the innovative use of painted backdrops and the appearance of England's first professional actress, Mrs. Coleman.
- 17 September
- 19 September - Anglo-Spanish War: Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish treasure fleet near Cádiz.
- 24 October - Quaker James Nayler re-enacts the arrival of Jesus in Jerusalem at Bristol, for which he is arrested for blasphemy.
- Resettlement of the Jews in England is permitted.
- The only English fifty shilling coin is minted.
- Adams' Grammar School is founded in Newport, Shropshire by London haberdasher William Adams, a native of the town.
- Anglo-Spanish War 1654–1660
- James Harrington's political tract The Commonwealth of Oceana.
- The Musaeum Tradescantianum catalogue (the first such in England) Musæum Tradescantianum: or, A Collection of Rarities, preserved at South-Lambeth neer London by John Tradescant.
- 1 January - William Fleetwood, economist and statistician (died 1723)
- 14 September - Thomas Baker, antiquarian (died 1746)
- 29 October - Edmond Halley, scientist (died 1742)
- 17 November - Charles Davenant, economist (died 1714)
- 20 June - Henry Bard, 1st Viscount Bellomont, Royalist (born 1616)
- 8 September - Joseph Hall, bishop and writer (born 1574)
- 12 September - Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield, (born 1584)
- October - Stephen Bachiler, clergyman (born c. 1561)
- Robert Harley, statesman (born 1579)
- "1656, British Civil Wars". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-20.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 267. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Musaeum Tradescantianum". The Tradescant Collection. Oxford: Ashmolean Museum. 2002-01-15. Retrieved 2011-04-10.