From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1620s 1630s 1640s – 1650s – 1660s 1670s 1680s|
|Years:||1656 1657 1658 – 1659 – 1660 1661 1662|
|1659 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2412|
|English Regnal year||10 Cha. 2 – 11 Cha. 2
— to —己亥年十一月十八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1715–1716|
|- Shaka Samvat||1581–1582|
|- Kali Yuga||4760–4761|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||659–660|
|Japanese calendar||Manji 2
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||253 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2202|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1659|
- January 14 – Battle of the Lines of Elvas: The Portuguese beat the Spanish in the Portuguese Restoration War.
- January 24 – Pierre Corneille's Oedipe premieres in Paris.
- February 2 – Jan van Riebeeck produces the first South African wine at the Cape of Good Hope.
- February 11 – The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
- February 16 – The first known cheque (400 pounds) is written (on display at Westminster Abbey).
- April 22 – Lord Protector Richard Cromwell dissolves the English Parliament.
- May 22 – France, England, and Netherlands sign the Hedges Concerto treaty.
- May 25 – Richard Cromwell resigns as English Lord Protector.
- May 31 – The Netherlands, England, and France sign the Treaty of The Hague.
- July 16 – Princess Henriette Catherine of Nassau marries John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, in Groningen.
- September 30 – Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherland forbids tennis playing during religious services (first mention of tennis in what will be the U.S.).
- October 12 – The English Rump Parliament dismisses John Lambert and other generals.
- October 13 – General-major John Lambert drives out the English Rump-government.
- November 7 – Treaty of Pyrenees: French King Louis XIV and King Philip IV of Spain agree to French acquisition of Roussillon and most of Artois, and formally end their 24-year war.
- November 25 – Dutch forces under Michiel de Ruyter free the Danish city of Nyborg from Swedish conquest (earlier in the year).
- December 16 – General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland.
- December 26 – The Long Parliament reforms occur in Westminster.
- The Spanish Infanta Maria Theresa brings cocoa to Paris.
- Diego Velázquez's portrait of Infanta Maria Theresa is first exhibited.
- Thomas Hobbes publishes De Homine.
- Parisian police raid a monastery, sending monks to prison for eating meat and drinking wine during Lent.
- Drought occurs in India.
- Christiaan Huygens writes Systema Saturnium.
- March 8 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (d. 1738)
- June 3 – David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
- June 12 – Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719
- July 20 – Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (d. 1743)
- July 28 – Charles Ancillon, French Protestant pastor (d. 1715)
- September 10 – Henry Purcell, English composer (d. 1695)
- December 12 – Francesco Galli Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1739)
- January 16 – Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
- February – Willem Drost, Dutch painter and printmaker (b. 1633)
- February 17 – Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
- February 27 – Henry Dunster, first President of Harvard College (b. 1609)
- April 15 – Simon Dach, German poet (b. 1605)
- June 3 – Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
- October 8 – Jean de Quen, French Jesuit missionary and historian (b. c. 1603)
- October 10 – Abel Tasman, Dutch explorer (b. 1603)
- October 31 – John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
- November 10 – Afzal Khan, commander of the Bijapur Adilshahi forces