165th Airlift Wing
|165th Airlift Wing|
Georgia National Guard Airmen from the 165th Airlift Wing stand in front of a C-130H Hercules, Sept. 16, 2012 at Savannah Air National Guard Base
|Active||10 July 1958-Present|
|Allegiance||Georgia (U.S. state)|
|Branch||Air National Guard|
|Part of||Georgia Air National Guard|
|Garrison/HQ||Savannah Air National Guard Base, Pooler, Georgia|
|Tail Code||Red tail stripe "Savannah" in white letters|
|Col Jesse Simmons|
|165th Airlift Wing emblem|
The 165th Airlift Wing (165 AW) is a unit of the Georgia Air National Guard, stationed at Savannah Air National Guard Base, Georgia. If activated to federal service, the Wing is gained by the United States Air Force Air Mobility Command.
The mission of the 165th Airlift Wing is to provide tactical airlift of personnel, equipment and supplies worldwide.
The 165th Airlift Wing consists of the following units:
- 165th Operations Group
- 165th Mission Support Group
- 165th Maintenance Group
- 165th Medical Group
- 224th Joint Communications Support Squadron
- 165th Air Support Operations Squadron (ASOS)
On 10 July 1958, the Georgia Air National Guard 158th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron was authorized to expand to a group level, and the 165th Fighter-Interceptor Group was established by the National Guard Bureau. The 158th FIS becoming the group's flying squadron. Other squadrons assigned into the group were the 165th Headquarters, 165th Material Squadron (Maintenance), 165th Combat Support Squadron, and the 165th USAF Dispensary.
Gained by Air Defense Command, along with the activation of the Group, the 158th FIS was re-equipped with the F-86L Sabre Interceptor, a day/night/all-weather aircraft designed to be integrated into the ADC SAGE interceptor direction and control system. In 1958, the 116th implemented the ADC Runway Alert Program, in which interceptors of the 128th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron were committed to a five-minute runway alert.
Reorganization came in 1962 when the unit transitioned from a fighter mission to an airlift mission The 158th Fighter Squadron became 158th Air Transport Squadron on 1 July 1962 assigned to the 165th Air Group. They traded in its Sabre interceptors for 4-engines C-97 Stratofreighter transports. With air transportation recognized as a critical wartime need, the squadron was re-designated the 128th Air Transport Squadron (Heavy). The 116th ATG was assigned to the MATS Eastern Transport Air Force, (EASTAF), and the squadron flew long-distance transport missions in support of Air Force requirements, frequently sending aircraft to the Caribbean, Europe Greenland, and the Middle East in support of Air Force requirements.
In 1966 MATS became the Military Airlift Command (MAC) and EASTAF became the MAC Twenty-First Air Force. The 116th ATG was upgraded to the C-124 Globemaster II strategic heavy airlifter in 1967. Due to requirements generated by the Vietnam War, missions were flown across the Pacific to Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, South Vietnam, Okinawa and Thailand.
On 8 August 1975, the first of the C-130E aircraft, aptly named "Hercules", came to the City of Savannah at the international airport to replace the older C-124's. While the C-124's were being retired from the Air Force inventory, the C-130's were arriving at the 165th Tactical Airlift Group.
The 158th received seven new C-130H Hercules aircraft directly from the Lockheed Factory manufactured for the unit during September and October 1981. On 15 April 1992, the unit was redesignated the 165th Airlift Group. On 1 October 1995, the unit received its current designation, the 165th Airlift Wing.
In 2005, the unit deployed aircraft and more than 100 personnel to Karshi-Khanabad, Uzbekistan, for 11 months. During this period, the unit airlifted more than 35,660 tons of cargo in support of the Global War on Terror.
Since the beginning of operations in the Persian Gulf, the 165th Airlift Wing has been integrally involved in air operations. Several elements of the wing have been deployed throughout the region, with airmen serving in Uzbekistan, Turkey, Kuwait, Iraq and Afghanistan. In 2009, the 165th Airlift Wing deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.
In January 2011, the last of six C-130H2 Hercules aircraft began a three-month stint at Bagram Air Base. This was the ninth time the 165th has deployed – to Iraq or Afghanistan – since September 11, 2001, in support of the War on Terror. Deploying with the aircraft were more than 150 Georgia Guard Airmen, including all of the wing’s operations division and more than 50 percent of its maintenance department.
During the summer 0f 2011, Air Guard personnel from Savannah’s 165th Airlift Wing assisted the Georgia Forestry Commission in fighting wildfires in southern Georgia.
In January 2010, in response to the earthquake in Haiti, the 165th Airlift Wing placed a C-130 aircraft and crew on standby for the relief effort as ordered by the National Guard Bureau. The 165th quickly established a kitchen and dining area, one of fifteen in the burgeoning military sections of the city.
- Designated 165th Fighter-Interceptor Group, and allotted to Georgia ANG, 1958
- Extended federal recognition and activated, 10 July 1958
- Re-designated: 165th Air Transport Group, 1 July 1962
- Re-designated: 165th Military Airlift Group, 3 January 1966
- Re-designated: 165th Tactical Airlift Group, 8 August 1975
- Re-designated: 165th Airlift Group, 16 March 1992
- Status changed from Group to Wing, 1 October 1995
- Re-designated: 165th Airlift Wing, 1 October 1995
- Georgia Air National Guard, 10 July 1958 – Present
- Gained by: 35th Air Division, Air Defense Command
- Gained by: Eastern Transport Air Force, Military Air Transport Service, 1 July 1962
- Gained by: Twenty-First Air Force, Military Airlift Command, 3 January 1966
- Gained by: Air Combat Command, 1 June 1992
- Gained by: Air Mobility Command, 1 April 1997
- 165th Operations Group, 1 October 1995 – Present
- 158th Fighter-Interceptor (later Air Transport, Military Airlift, Tactical Airlift, Airlift) Squadron, 10 July 1958 – 1 October 1995
- Assigned to 165 OG 1 October 1995-Present
- Travis Field (later Savannah International Airport), 10 July 1958
- Designated: Savannah Air National Guard Base, 1991-Present
- See Georgia Air National Guard#165th Airlift Wing
- see 165th Airlift Wing airmen arrive home from Afghanistan deployment
- see 165th Airlift Wing prepares for Haiti deployment
- Air Force Personnel Center Awards Search (Post-1991)
- Rogers, B. (2006). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. ISBN 1-85780-197-0
- Cornett, Lloyd H. and Johnson, Mildred W., A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson AFB, CO (1980).
- History of the 165th Airlift Wing
- 165th Airlift Wing official website
- Georgia Department of Defense official website
- 165th Airlift Wing Facebook Page
- The Professional Guardsman Blog
- 165th Airlift Wing Flickr Page
- Georgia Guard Twitter Page
- Georgia Guard Youtube Channel
- Historical Society of the Georgia National Guard
- Georgia Department of Defense 2010 Annual Report