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|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1630s 1640s 1650s – 1660s – 1670s 1680s 1690s|
|Years:||1657 1658 1659 – 1660 – 1661 1662 1663|
|1660 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2413|
|English Regnal year||11 Cha. 2 – 12 Cha. 2
— to —庚子年十一月三十日
|- Vikram Samvat||1716–1717|
|- Shaka Samvat||1582–1583|
|- Kali Yuga||4761–4762|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||660–661|
|Japanese calendar||Manji 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||252 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2203|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1660|
- January 1
- February 3 – George Monck and his regiment arrive in London.
- February 13 – Charles XI becomes king of Sweden at the age of five upon the death of his father, Charles X Gustavus.
- February 27 – John Thurloe is reinstated as England's Secretary of State, having been deprived of his offices late in the previous year.
- March 16 – The Long Parliament disbands.
- April 4 – The Declaration of Breda promises amnesty, freedom of conscience, and army back pay, in return for support for the English Restoration.
- May 8 – The Parliament of England declares Prince Charles Stuart King Charles II of England.
- May 15 – John Thurloe is arrested for high treason for his support of Oliver Cromwell's regime.
- May 25 – Charles II of England lands at Dover.
- May 27 – The Treaty of Copenhagen is signed, marking the conclusion of the Second Northern War. Sweden returns Trøndelag to Norway and Bornholm to Denmark.
- May 29 – King Charles II of England arrives in London and assumes the throne, marking the beginning of the English Restoration.
- June 29 – John Thurloe is released from custody.
- August 19 – Dr Edward Stanley preaches a sermon in the nave of Winchester Cathedral to commemorate the return of the Chapter following the English Restoration.
- September 25 – Samuel Pepys has his first cup of tea (an event recorded in his diary).
- October 17 – The ten regicides who signed the death warrant of Charles I of England are hanged, drawn and quartered, a process which includes their being disemboweled and their bowels burned before their eyes.
- November 28 – At Gresham College in London, twelve men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray meet after a lecture by Wren and decide to found "a College for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning" (later known as the Royal Society).
- December – Andres Malong, a native chieftain of Pangasinan, Philippines, leads a revolt against the Spanish regime.
- December 8 – First actress to appear on the professional stage in England, as Desdemona in Othello, following reopening of the theatres; variously considered to be Margaret Hughes, Anne Marshall or Katherine Corey.
Date unknown 
- Blaise Pascal's Lettres provinciales, a defense of the Jansenist Antoine Arnauld, is ordered to be shredded and burned by King Louis XIV of France.
- The expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique is carried out by French occupying forces.
- Hopkins School is founded.
- The Rigsraad (High Council) of Denmark is abolished and Denmark–Norway becomes an absolute monarchy with the Kingdom of Denmark as a hereditary monarchy.
- A permanent standing army is established in Prussia.
- January – Pierre Helyot, French historian (d. 1716)
- February 19 – Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
- March 15 – Olof Rudbeck the Younger, Swedish scientist and explorer (d. 1740)
- April 16 – Hans Sloane, British physician (d. 1753)
- May 2 – Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer (d. 1725)
- May 20 – Andreas Schlüter, German sculptor (d. 1714)
- May 28 – King George I of Great Britain (d. 1727)
- May 29 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, English friend of Anne, Queen of Great Britain (d. 1744)
- July 24 – Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (d. 1718)
- September – Daniel Defoe, English writer (d. 1731)
- October 20 – Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d.1723)
- October 21 – Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (d. 1734)
- November 15 – Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (d. 1746)
- November 20 – Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (d. 1741)
- December 4 – André Campra, French composer (d. 1744)
- date unknown – Ch'en Shu, Chinese painter (d. 1736)
- date unknown – Johann Joseph Fux, Austrian composer (d. 1741)
- February 2
- February 6 – Martin de Redin, 58th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1579)
- February 13 – King Charles X of Sweden (b. 1622)
- March – Philip Skippon, English soldier
- April 25 – Henry Hammond, English churchman (b. 1605)
- April 30 – Petrus Scriverius, Dutch writer (b. 1576)
- May 29 – Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)
- June 1 – Mary Dyer, English Quaker (hanged) (b. c. 1611)
- June 2 – Annet de Clermont-Gessant, 59th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1587)
- June 7 – George II Rákóczi, Transylvanian ruler (b. 1621)
- June 30 – William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
- August 6 – Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (b. 1599)
- September 12 – Jacob Cats, Dutch poet, jurist and politician (b. 1577)
- September 27 – Vincent de Paul, French saint (b. 1580)
- October 4 – Francesco Albani, Italian painter (b. 1578)
- October 6 – Paul Scarron, French writer (b. 1610)
- October 14 – Thomas Harrison, British soldier (b. 1606)
- October 17 – Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)
- November 5
- December 1 – Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1592)
- December 22 – André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (b. 1612)
- "January 1". Chambers' Book of Days. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 187–188. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Friday 25 May 1660". The Diary of Samuel Pepys. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- Howe, Elizabeth (1992). The First English Actresses: Women and Drama, 1660–1700. Cambridge University Press. p. 24.
- Gilder, Rosamond (1931). Enter the Actress: The First Women in the Theatre. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 166.
- Krig og Enevælde: 1648–1746