From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1630s 1640s 1650s – 1660s – 1670s 1680s 1690s|
|Years:||1658 1659 1660 – 1661 – 1662 1663 1664|
|1661 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2414|
|English Regnal year||12 Cha. 2 – 13 Cha. 2
— to —辛丑年十一月十一日
|- Vikram Samvat||1717–1718|
|- Shaka Samvat||1583–1584|
|- Kali Yuga||4762–4763|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||661–662|
|Japanese calendar||Manji 4
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||251 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2204|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1661|
- January 6 – The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. George Monck's regiment defeats them.
- January 30 – The body of Oliver Cromwell is exhumed and subjected to a posthumous execution, along with those of John Bradshaw and Henry Ireton.
- February 5 – The Shunzhi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty of China dies and is succeeded by his son the Kangxi Emperor.
- February 14 – George Monck’s regiment becomes The Lord General's Regiment of Foot Guards (which later becomes Coldstream Guards)
- March – Following the death of his mentor, Cardinal Mazarin, King Louis XIV of France starts to rule independently.
- April 23 – King Charles II of England, Scotland, Ireland is crowned in Westminster Abbey, for the second time.
- July 1 – Russo-Swedish War (1656–1658) – Treaty of Cardis: Russia surrenders to Sweden all captured territories.
- August 6 – Portugal and the Dutch Republic sign the Treaty of The Hague, whereby New Holland is formally ceded to Portugal by the Dutch Republic.
- The first modern bank notes are issued in Stockholm, Sweden.
- Köprülü Mehmed Pasha ends his rule as vizier of the Ottoman Empire.
- The Great Clearance was spread to Guangdong.
- January 30 – Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
- March 25 – Paul de Rapin, French historian (d. 1725)
- April 16 – Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman (d. 1715)
- May 25 – Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian (d. 1737)
- June 9 – Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)
- July 20 – Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, French founder of the colony of Louisiana (d. 1706)
- September 2 – Georg Böhm, German organist (d. 1733)
- October 11 – Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (d. 1742)
- November 1 – Florent Carton Dancourt, French dramatist and actor (d. 1725)
- November 4 – Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1742)
- November 6 – King Charles II of Spain (d. 1700)
- November 15 – Christoph von Graffenried, Swiss settler in America (d. 1743)
- November 28 – Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
- December 5 – Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, English statesman (d. 1724)
- December 18 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (d. 1751)
- January 19 – Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed)
- February 2 – Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)
- February 5 – Shunzhi Emperor of China (b. 1638)
- March 1 – Richard Zouch, English jurist (b. 1590)
- March 9 – Cardinal Mazarin, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1602)
- April 4 – Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier(b. c. 1580)
- April 7 – William Brereton, English soldier and politician (b. 1604)
- May 27 – Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll, Scottish dissenter (beheaded) (b. 1607)
- August 7 – Jin Shengtan, Chinese editor, writer and critic (b. 1608)
- August 16 – Thomas Fuller, English churchman and historian (b. 1608)
- October 4 – Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy and sister of Blaise Pascal (b. 1625)
- October 28 – Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1618)
- November 19 – Brian Walton, English clergyman and scholar (b. 1600)
- December 29 – Antoine Gérard de Saint-Amant, French poet (b. 1594)