1666 in literature
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... 1670 . 1671 . 1672 . 1673 . 1674 . 1675 . 1676 ...
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The year 1666 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- June 4 – Molière's comedy of manners Le Misanthrope is premièred at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal (rue Saint-Honoré) in Paris by the King's Players (Troupe du Roi).
- August 6 – Molière's comedy Le Médecin malgré lui ("The doctor in spite of himself") is premièred at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal in Paris by the King's Players with Molière himself playing the title character, Sganarelle.
- September 2 – Samuel Pepys begins recording details of the Great Fire of London in his diary. The destruction of Old St Paul's Cathedral in the conflagration also destroys the stock of many London publishers which is stored in the crypt, probably including unsold copies of the Third Folio of Shakespeare's works (1663).
- Aphra Behn goes to Antwerp to work as a government spy.
- Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux – Satires du Sieur D....
- John Bunyan – Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners
- Thomas Hobbes – De principiis et ratiocinatione geometrarum
- Gottfried Leibniz – De Arte Combinatoria ('On the Art of Combination')
- James Howard – The English Monsieur
- Juan de Zabaleta - El emperador Commodo
- March 21 – Ogyū Sorai, Japanese Confucian philosopher (died 1728)
- July 10 – John Ernest Grabe, German-born English theologian (died 1711)
- August 13
- November 12 – Mary Astell, English feminist writer (died 1731)
- Unknown dates
- Probable year of birth – John Harris, English encyclopedist (died 1719)
- June 30 – Alexander Brome, English humorous poet and translator (born 1620)
- August 24 – Dom Francisco Manuel de Mello, Portuguese writer (born 1608)
- October 29 – James Shirley, English dramatist (born 1596)
- November – Jeremias de Dekker, Dutch poet (born c. 1610)
- Unknown dates