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This article is about the year 1669. For the number, see 1669 (number).
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1630s 1640s 1650s – 1660s – 1670s 1680s 1690s|
|Years:||1666 1667 1668 – 1669 – 1670 1671 1672|
|1669 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2422|
|English Regnal year||20 Cha. 2 – 21 Cha. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4365 or 4305
— to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4366 or 4306
|- Vikram Samvat||1725–1726|
|- Shaka Samvat||1591–1592|
|- Kali Yuga||4770–4771|
|Japanese calendar||Kanbun 8
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||243 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2211–2212|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1669.|
- March 11 – Mount Etna erupts, destroying the town of Nicolosi and killing 20,000 people[dubious ].
- May 31 – Samuel Pepys stops writing his diary.
- June 22 – Roux de Marsilly, accused of plotting the assassination of King Louis XIV of France, is publicly tortured in Paris.
- June 25 – Francis of Vendome, Duke of Beaufort, disappears during a battle in the Siege of Candia in Crete.
- July – The Hanseatic League, after 400 years of operation, holds its last official meeting in Lübeck.
- September 6 – Francesco Morosini, capitano generale of the Venetian forces in the Siege of Candia, surrenders to the Ottomans.
- September 23 – Leopold I Habsburg grants the status and privileges of a university to the Jesuit Academy in Zagreb, the precursor to the modern University of Zagreb.
- Shakushain's Revolt breaks out in Hokkaido, Japan.
- The Mogul Emperor Aurangzeb destroys several Hindu temples (e.g. Kashi Vishwanath and Kesava Deo) and prohibits the whole religion, leading to Hindu rebellion.
- Turkish units burn the eastern part of Kolárovo.
- The Chinese Kangxi Emperor allows coastal residents deported in 1662 to return home.
- Famine in Bengal kills 3 million people.
- Phosphorus is discovered by Hennig Brand.
- Antonio Stradivari makes his first violin.
- Okaya & Co., Ltd., is founded in Nagoya, Japan.
- The Chinese herbal medicine company Tongrentang, or 同仁堂 in Chinese, is established.
- Blaise Pascal's Pensées posthumously published in Paris.
- Jan Swammerdam publishes his Algemeene Verhandeling van de bloedeloose dierkens, a groundbreaking work in microscopy as well as entomology
- January 20 – Susanna Wesley, mother of the Wesley brothers (d. 1742)
- April 3 – Jean-Baptiste Forqueray, French musician (d. 1722)
- May 26 – Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (d. 1722)
- July 30 – Eudoxia Lopukhina, first wife of Peter I of Russia (d. 1731)
- August 27 – Anne Marie d'Orléans, Queen of Sicily and Sardinia (d. 1728)
- August 29 – John Anstis, English herald (d. 1744)
- October 19 – Count Wirich Philipp von Daun, Austrian military leader (d. 1741)
- date unknown
- probable – Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1734)
- February 23 – Leo Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (b. 1600)
- March 10 – John Denham, English poet (b. 1615)
- April 23 – Johannes Canuti Lenaeus, archbishop of Uppsala (b. 1573)
- May 14 – Georges de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1601)
- May 16 – Pietro da Cortona, Italian artist (b. 1596)
- June 25 – François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)
- September 10 – Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England (b. 1609)
- October 4 – Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, Dutch painter (b. 1606)
- October 14 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (b. 1623)
- October 24 – William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
- November 4 – Johannes Cocceius, Dutch theologian (b. 1603)
- December 9 – Pope Clement IX (b. 1600)
- December 16 – Nathaniel Fiennes, English politician (b. c. 1608)