1676 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1666 . 1667 . 1668 . 1669 . 1670 . 1671 . 1672 ...
1673 1674 1675 -1676- 1677 1678 1679
... 1680 . 1681 . 1682 . 1683 . 1684 . 1685 . 1686 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- Danish astronomer Ole Rømer measures the speed of light by observing the eclipses of Jupiter's moons, obtaining a speed of 140,000 miles per second (approximately 25% too slow).
- Summer - The Royal Greenwich Observatory, designed by Christopher Wren, is completed.
- Antony Van Leeuwenhoek discovers bacteria, observed with the microscope.
- Francis Willughby's Ornithologiae is published by John Ray, the foundation of scientific ornithology.
- William Briggs publishes an anatomy of the eye (the first in England), Ophthalmographia, at Cambridge.
- The first fossilised bone of what is now known to be a dinosaur is discovered in England by Robert Plot, the femur of a Megalosaurus from a limestone quarry at Cornwell near Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire.
- July 7 - The first clocks using a form of deadbeat escapement, constructed by Thomas Tompion to a design by Richard Towneley, are installed at the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
- May 28 - Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (died 1754)
- Caleb Threlkeld, Irish botanist (died 1728)
- May 25 - Johann Rahn, Swiss mathematician (born 1622)
- September 4 - John Ogilby, English cartographer (born 1600)
- Chambers, R. (1878). The Book of Days.
- Egerton, Frank N. (October 2005). "A History of the Ecological Sciences, Part 18: John Ray and His Associates Francis Willughby and William Derham". Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 86 (4): 301–313. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
- Keynes, Sir Geoffrey (1976). John Ray, 1627–1705: a bibliography 1660–1970. Amsterdam: Van Heusden. p. 52.
- Raven, Charles E. (1942). John Ray, naturalist: his life and works. Cambridge University Press.
- Newton, Alfred (1893). Dictionary of Birds. London: Black.
- Kaplan, Barbara Beigun (2004). "Briggs, William (c.1650–1704)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3413. Retrieved 2011-10-10. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Sarjeant, William A.S. (1997). "The earliest discoveries". In Farlow, James O.; Brett-Surman, Michael K. (eds). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 3–11. ISBN 0-253-33349-0.