1677 in literature
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The year 1677 in literature involved some significant events.
- February - Nathaniel Lee's blank verse tragedy The Rival Queens, or the Death of Alexander the Great, is performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London, with Mrs Charlotte Melmoth as Roxana.
- Roger Morrice begins his Entring Book.
- Francis North's A Philosophical Essay of Music published.
- Froinsias Ó Maolmhuaidh's Grammatica Latino-Hibernica nunc compendiata, the first printed grammar of the Irish language (in Latin), is published by the Congregation of Propaganda Fide in Rome in the year of his death.
- Thomas Killigrew, ineffective after four years in the office of Master of the Revels, is replaced by his son Charles.
- Two plays on the same subject of King Edgar are acted: Edward Ravenscroft's tragicomedy King Edgar and Alfreda, and Thomas Rymer's Edgar, or the English Monarch. Rymer's play is a flop; it precedes his famous The Tragedies of the Last Age Considered by a scant year.
- Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery - Treatise of the Art of War
- Edward Cocker - Cocker's Arithmetick
- John Milton - The History of Britain
- Eirenaeus Philalethes - An Exposition upon Sir George Ripley's Vision.
- Baruch Spinoza - Opera Posthuma. Includes the first known publication of his Ethics.
- John Banks - The Rival Kings (adapted from la Calprenède's Cassandre)
- Aphra Behn
- Thomas Betterton - The Counterfeit Bridegroom
- William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle - The Humorous Lovers and The Triumphant Widow published
- John Crowne - The Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus Vespasian, Parts 1 and 2
- Charles Davenant - Circe (a "semi-opera" with music by John Banister)
- Thomas d'Urfey - The Fond Husband, or the Plotting Sisters
- John Learned - The Country Innocence
- Nathaniel Lee - The Rival Queens
- Thomas Otway
- The French Conjurer by T. P (once attributed to Thomas Porter)
- Jean Racine - Phèdre
- Edward Ravenscroft
- King Edgar and Alfreda
- Scaramouch a Philosopher, Harlequin a Schoolboy, Bravo a Merchant and Magician
- Thomas Rymer - Edgar, or the English Monarch
- Pedro Calderon de la Barca
- Amar después de la muerte o El Tuzaní de la Alpujarra
- Parte I de autos sacramentales, alegóricos e historiales
- Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery - On the Death of Abraham Cowley
- Christian Knorr von Rosenroth - Kabbala Denudata is started to be published.
- August 23 – Marie Anne Doublet, French scholar, writer and salonnière (died 1771)
- August 25 – Jean-Joseph Languet de Gergy, French theologian (died 1753)
- Unknown date – Elizabeth, Lady Wardlaw, English ballad writer (born 1727)
- February 21 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (born 1632)
- May 24 – Anders Bording, Danish poet and journalist (born 1619)
- June 18 – Johann Franck, German poet, hymnist and politician (born 1618)
- July 9 – Angelus Silesius (Johann Scheffler), German poet and mystic (born 1624)
- September 5 – Henry Oldenburg, German-born theologian and natural philosopher (born c. 1619)
- September 11 – James Harrington, English political theorist (born 1611)
- October 14 – Francis Glisson, English medical writer and physician (born 1597)
- December 24 – Jacques de Coras, French poet (born 1630)