From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1650s 1660s 1670s – 1680s – 1690s 1700s 1710s|
|Years:||1678 1679 1680 – 1681 – 1682 1683 1684|
|1681 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2434|
|English Regnal year||32 Cha. 2 – 33 Cha. 2
— to —辛酉年十一月廿二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1737–1738|
|- Shaka Samvat||1603–1604|
|- Kali Yuga||4782–4783|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||681–682|
|Japanese calendar||Enpō 9Tenna 1
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||231 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2224|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1681|
Year 1681 (MDCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 3 – Treaty of Bakhchisarai between the Ottoman vassal Crimean Khanate and the Russian Empire.
- March 14 – Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania.
- April – Following the death of its last count, the Palatinate-Landsberg passes to the King of Sweden.
- May 15 – The Canal du Midi in France is opened officially as the Canal Royal de Languedoc.
- August – Robert Knox escapes prison in Ceylon, and details his adventures across Kandy and life in the kingdoms of the Tamil country Vanni in his book An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon.
- August 12 – The Ahom King Gadadhar Singha or Gadapani, who took the Tai name Supaatphaa, ascends the throne.
- August 31 – Titus Oates is told to leave his state apartments in the Whitehall; his fame begins to wane and he is soon arrested and imprisoned for sedition.
- September 30 – France annexes the city of Strasbourg (German: Strassburg).
- October 28 – A London woman is publicly flogged for the crime of "involving herself in politics."
- December – Wu Shifan, grandson of Chinese general Wu Sangui, commits suicide in Yunnan province, ending the 8-year conflict of the Revolt of the Three Feudatories against Qing Dynasty authority in China, then led by the Kangxi Emperor.
- December 22 – King Charles II of England signs a warrant for the building of the Royal Hospital Chelsea.
Date unknown 
- The last dodo bird is killed.
- Collections are made in England for needy French refugees.
- The Port of Honfleur in France is re-modelled by Abraham Duquesne.
- March 14 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (d. 1767)
- June 26 – Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
- September 11 – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (d. 1741)
- September 28 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (d. 1764)
- November 17 – Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (d. 1776)
- November 28 – Jean Cavalier, French Protestant rebel leader (d. 1740)
- January 28 – Richard Allestree, English royalist churchman (b. 1619)
- March 12 – Frans van Mieris, Sr., Dutch painter (b. 1635)
- May 25 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist and poet (b. 1600)
- July 1 – Oliver Plunkett, Irish saint (b. 1629)
- July 25 – Urian Oakes, English-born President of Harvard University (b. 1631)
- August 22 – Philippe Delano, Dutch Plymouth Colony settler (b. 1602)
- December 22 – Richard Alleine, English Puritan clergyman (b. 1611)
- date unknown
- Gerard ter Borch, Dutch painter (b. 1617)
- John Pordage, Anglican vicar.