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This article is about the year 1690.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1660s 1670s 1680s – 1690s – 1700s 1710s 1720s|
|Years:||1687 1688 1689 – 1690 – 1691 1692 1693|
|1690 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2443|
|Bahá'í calendar||−154 – −153|
|English Regnal year||2 Will. & Mar. – 3 Will. & Mar.|
|Chinese calendar||己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4386 or 4326
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4387 or 4327
|- Vikram Samvat||1746–1747|
|- Shaka Samvat||1612–1613|
|- Kali Yuga||4791–4792|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||222 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2233|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1690.|
- January 6 – Joseph, son of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of the Romans.
- January 7 – The first recorded full peal is rung, at St Sepulchre-without-Newgate in the City of London, marking a new era in change ringing.
- January 14 – The clarinet is said to have been invented in Nuremberg, Germany.
- February 3 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony issues the first paper money in North America.
- May 20 – England passes the Act of Grace, forgiving followers of the deposed James II.
- June 14 – King William III of England (William of Orange) lands in Ireland to confront James II.
- June 8 – Siddi general Yadi Sakat razes the Mazagon Fort in Mumbai.
- July 10 – Anglo-Dutch navy defeated by the French in the Battle of Beachy Head (also known as the Battle of Bévéziers), giving rise to fears of a Jacobite invasion of England.
- July 11 – Battle of the Boyne, north of Dublin. King William III of England (William of Orange) defeats the deposed James II who returns to exile in France. The rebellion in Ireland continues for a further year until the Orange army gains full control.
- July 26 – French landing party raids and burns Teignmouth in Devon, England. However, with the loss of James II's position in Ireland, any plans for a real invasion are soon shelved and Teignmouth is the last-ever French attack on England.
- August 24 – In India, the fort and trading settlement of Sutanuti - which later becomes Calcutta - is founded on the Hooghly River by the English East India Company following signing of an Anglo-Moghul treaty.
- September 25 – The only issue of Publick Occurrences is published in Boston, Massachusetts, before being suppressed by the colonial authorities.
- October 6–12 October – Massachusetts Puritans led by Sir William Phips besiege the city of Quebec. The siege ends in failure.
- December – Earliest recorded sighting of the planet Uranus, by John Flamsteed, who mistakenly catalogues it as the star 34 Tauri.
- December 29 – An earthquake hits Anconer in the Papal States of Italy.
- Arsenije III Carnojevic, Patriarch of Serbia, leads the first of the two Great Serbian Migrations into the Habsburg Empire, following Ottoman atrocities in Kosovo.
- Belgrade recaptured by Ottoman Turks from the Austrians.
- The Hearth Tax is abolished in Scotland, one year after its abolition in England and Wales.
- French physicist Denis Papin, while in Leipzig and having observed the mechanical power of atmospheric pressure on his 'digester', builds a working model of a reciprocating steam engine for pumping water, the first of its kind, though not efficient.
- Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiter's atmosphere.
- Arcangelo Corelli publishes his Concerti Grossi.
- Possible year of the disappearance of the western part of the island of Buise in St. Peter's Flood.
- January 22 – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
- January 31 – Thomas Carter, Irish politician (d. 1763)
- February 1 – Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (d. 1768)
- February 3 – Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (d. 1755)
- March 18 – Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (d. 1764)
- April 22 – John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (d. 1763)
- September 12 – Peter Dens, Belgian Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
- October 29 – Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)
- November 24 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (d. 1750)
- November 29 – Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, father of Catherine II of Russia (d. 1747)
- December 1 – Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1764)
- December 22 – Meidingu Pamheiba, King of Manipur (d. 1751)
- January 3 – Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1615)
- February 7 – William Morice, English royalist statesman (b. c. 1628)
- February 22 – Charles Le Brun, French artist (b. 1619)
- April 18 – Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, general of the Holy Roman Empire (b. 1643)
- April 25 – David Teniers the Younger, Flemish artist (b. 1610)
- May 21 – John Eliot, English Puritan missionary (b. 1604)
- May 27 – Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (b. 1626)
- July 1 – George Walker, Irish soldier and Anglican priest (b. 1645)
- July 21 – Gregorio Carafa, 62nd Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1615)
- September 2 – Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1615)
- October 3 – Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. c. 1648)
- November 17 – Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier (b. 1610)
- date unknown
- Theodore Haak, German scholar (b. 1605)
- There is no evidence for this. Rice, Albert R. (1992). The Baroque Clarinet. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 17, 40–42. ISBN 0198161883.
- The battle took place on June 30 according to the "old style" Julian calendar in use at this time by the English.
- The battle took place on July 1 according to the "old style" Julian calendar in use at this time by the English. This is equivalent to 11 July in the "new style" Gregorian calendar, although today commemorated on July 12.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 285. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Parades and Marches - Chronology 2: Historical Dates and Events". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 28 January 2010.