From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1660s 1670s 1680s – 1690s – 1700s 1710s 1720s|
|Years:||1690 1691 1692 – 1693 – 1694 1695 1696|
|1693 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2446|
|Bahá'í calendar||−151 – −150|
|English Regnal year||5 Will. & Mar. – 6 Will. & Mar.|
|Chinese calendar||壬申年 (Water Monkey)
4389 or 4329
— to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4390 or 4330
|- Vikram Samvat||1749–1750|
|- Shaka Samvat||1615–1616|
|- Kali Yuga||4794–4795|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 6
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||219 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2236|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1693.|
- January 11 – 1693 Sicily earthquake: Mount Etna erupts, causing a devastating earthquake that affects parts of Sicily and Malta.
- February 8 – The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, is granted a Royal charter from King William III and Queen Mary II of England.
- May 18 – Forces of Louis XIV of France attack Heidelberg, capital of the Electoral Palatinate.
- May 22 – Heidelberg is taken by invading French forces, and the castle is surrendered on May 23, after which the French blow up the towers of Heidelberg Castle using mines.
- June 27 – Nine Years' War: The French fleet defeats the joint Dutch and English fleet at the Battle of Lagos off Portugal.
- July 29 – Nine Years' War: The Dutch-English army led personally by King William III of England is defeated by the French (with Irish Jacobite mercenaries) at the Battle of Landen near Neerwinden in Flemish Brabant.
- October 11 – Charleroi falls to French forces.
- October – William Congreve's comedy The Double-Dealer is first performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London.
- China concentrates all its foreign trade on Canton; European ships are forbidden to land anywhere else.
- A religious schism takes place in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and Alsatian Anabaptists led by Jakob Ammann. Those who follow Ammann become the Mennonite Amish sect.
- The Knights of the Apocalypse are formed in Italy.
- The Academia operosorum Labacensis is established in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
- Financier Richard Hoare relocates Hoare's Bank (founded 1672) from Cheapside to Fleet Street in London.
- John Locke publishes his influential book Some Thoughts Concerning Education.
- William Penn publishes his proposal for European federation, Essay on the Present and Future Peace of Europe.
- Dimitrie Cantemir presents his Kitâbu 'İlmi'l-Mûsiki alâ Vechi'l-Hurûfât (The Book of the Science of Music through Letters) to Sultan Ahmed II, which deals with melodic and rhythmic structure and practice of Ottoman music and contains the scores for around 350 works composed during and before his own time in an alphabetical notation system he invented.
- February 7 – Empress Anna I of Russia (d. 1740)
- February 24 – James Quin, English actor (d. 1766)
- March 5 – Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (d. 1754)
- March 7 – Pope Clement XIII (d. 1769)
- March 24 – John Harrison, English clockmaker (d. 1776)
- April 3 – George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)
- June 17 – Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (d. 1775)
- July 21 – Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1768)
- August 8 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (d. 1762)
- September 3 – Charles Radclyffe, British politician (d. 1746)
- date unknown – Thomas Secker, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1768)
- February 7 – Paul Pellisson, French writer (b. 1624)
- February 13 – Johann Kaspar Kerll, German composer (b. 1627)
- April 5 – Anne, Duchess of Montpensier, French writer (b. 1627)
- April 9 – Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (b. 1618)
- May 3 – Claude de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French courtier (b. 1607)
- May 25 – Madame de la Fayette, French writer (b. 1634)
- June 2 – John Wildman, English soldier and politician (b. c. 1621)
- July 12 – John Ashby, English admiral (b. c. 1640)
- September 19 – Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian nobleman and polymath (b. 1641)
- October 1 – Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
- November 24 – William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1616)
- Hochman, Stanley. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama 4. p. 542.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 198–200. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Kraybill, Donald B. (2001). Anabaptist World USA. Herald Press. pp. 7–8. ISBN 0-8361-9163-3.
- Cunningham, Hugh. "Re-inventing childhood". open2.net. Open University. Retrieved 2010-06-16.