1694 in England
|See also:||Other events of 1694|
Events from the year 1694 in the Kingdom of England.
→==Events== →* 1 March - The HMS Sussex treasure fleet of thirteen ships is wrecked in the Mediterranean off Gibraltar with the loss of approximately 1,200 lives. →* May - The First Whig Junto is appointed to government. →* 27 July - The Bank of England is established by Royal charter following a proposal by William Paterson; John Houblon becomes its first Governor. →* 5 September - Great Fire of Warwick. →* 25 October - Queen Mary II founds the Royal Hospital for Seamen at Greenwich. →* 3 December - Parliament passes the Triennial Act requiring general elections every three years. →* 28 December - With the death of Queen Mary II (aged 32) from smallpox at Kensington Palace, King William III becomes sole monarch. →* Notorious voyage of the English slave ship Hannibal in the Atlantic slave trade out of Benin, ending with the death of nearly half of the 692 slaves aboard.
- Mary Astell's (anonymous) argument for the promotion of female education A Serious Proposal to the Ladies, for the Advancement of Their True and Greatest Interest.
- "N.H."'s The Ladies Dictionary, being a general entertainment of the fair-sex: a work never attempted before in English is published by John Dunton.
- 25 April - Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, architect (died 1753)
- 22 September - Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, statesman and man of letters (died 1773)
- 25 September - Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of Great Britain (died 1754)
- 2 January - Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, politician (born 1651)
- 7 January - Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield (born c.1618)
- 17 June - Philip Howard, Roman Catholic Cardinal (born 1629)
- 22 November - John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1630)
- 28 December - Queen Mary II (born 1662)