16 Vayathinile

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16 Vayathinile
16 Vayathinile.jpg
Directed by P. Bharathiraja
Produced by S. A. Rajkannu
Written by P. Bharathiraja
P. Kalaimani (dialogues)
Starring Kamal Haasan
Sridevi
Rajinikanth
Music by Ilaiyaraaja
Cinematography P. S. Nivas
Edited by R. Bhaskaran
Production
company
Sri Amman Creations
Distributed by Sri Amman Creations
Release dates 15 September 1977
Running time 139 minutes
Country India
Language Tamil
Budget INR4.5 lakh[1]INR5 lakh

16 Vayathinile (read as "Pathinaaru Vayathinile"; English: At the Age of Sixteen) is a 1977 Tamil feature film directed by Bharathiraja. The film stars Kamal Haasan, Sridevi and Rajinikanth.[2] The film also marks the debut of famous South Indian comedian Goundamani. The film's score and soundtrack were composed by Ilaiyaraaja and cinematography was by P. S. Nivas. The film focussed on rural Tamil Nadu [3] and was the first Tamil film to be shot completely outdoors.[4] It began the trend of outdoor shooting in Tamil film industry.

16 Vayathinile was Bharathiraja's directorial debut, it met with a strong critical reception upon release, was a blockbuster and completed a 175-day run at the box office.[5] The film won four State Awards and one each in the South Filmfare Awards and National Film Awards ceremonies. The remake rights for the film were bought by Rajalaxmi Art Films to remake it in Telugu as Padaharella Vayasu.

Plot[edit]

Mayil (Sridevi) is a 16-year-old girl , filled with ambitions of becoming a teacher. She is an attractive, intelligent woman living in a small society and experiences ripe love when sees the new veterinarian who has come to visit. Many are impressed by this charming young fellow who has entered the village. He seems to be a wealthy, prosperous man and soon develops a relationship with Mayil. Mayil, who is deeply in love, sacrifices her opportunity to study in the teaching college course to spend time with him. But his intentions are not pure and he dumps Mayil after consummating their relationship.

Mayil's mother also dies, leaving her only with distant cousin Chappani (Kamal Haasan) for support. Chappani, a village bumpkin, is taken advantage of and isolated by the society. He is secretly in love with Mayil, but is jealous and upset about the vet. Another important character is the village roughie Parattai (Rajinikanth) who also has an eye on Mayil. How Mayil lives and whom she chooses as her man forms the rest of the story.

The theme of this emotive story is to show how vulnerable women are when in love. This story conveys strong themes and depicts an issue faced by many young women all over the world.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was Bharathiraja's directorial debut, and was made on a budget of INR5 lakh. Kamal Haasan was paid a salary of INR27000, while Rajinikanth was reported to have been paid INR3000.[6] In 2013 however, Bharathiraja revealed that he had paid INR2500 to Rajinikanth, who had earlier charged INR5000.[7] Bharathiraja said that he had approached Rajinikanth by telling him that he was making an art film.[8] Kanthimathi was cast as Mayil's mother and Bharathiraja stated, "at the time I was writing Padhinaru Vayathinile, I was looking for someone who could speak the ‘vattara vazhakku' (local dialect) well, and I could not think of anyone else".[9] K. Bhagyaraj was working as an assistant director to Bharathiraja in the film which was shot at Kollegal in Karnataka. For the role of a doctor, various aspirants were tried out but Bharathiraja decided that Bhagyaraj should play the role.[10]

Bharathiraja told that the film was to be made in black-and-white by the National Film Development Corporation of India but it backed out at the last minute.[11] Bharathiraja went ahead with the film, shooting for the first time in natural light. Kamal Haasan said that they did not have the budget to afford a camera that could shoot slow motion scenes and therefore Sridevi had to literally run in slow motion for a particular scene.[12]

Tamil producer Rajkannu was a lorry driver by profession. He had an ambition to make at least one film in his lifetime! When Bharati Raja said he can make a film with four and half lakhs, Rajkannu agreed and started the film, but the film was not finished within the planned budget, and he had to sell off his lorry in order to complete the film. However, as the film reached its completion, no one seemed to come forward to release the film, and the producer was forced to release the movie himself with six prints.[13]

Soundtrack[edit]

The music was composed by Ilaiyaraaja.[14]

No. Song Singers Lyrics Length (m:ss)
1 Aattu Kutti Malaysia Vasudevan, S. Janaki Kannadasan 4:20
2 Cholam Vethakkaiyile Ilaiyaraaja Kannadasan 4:34
3 Manja Kulichi S. Janaki Alangudi Somu 4:26
4 Senthoora Poovae S. Janaki Gangai Amaran 3:33
5 Senthoora Poovae (Sad) S. Janaki 0:40
6 Sevvanthi Poo Mudicha Malaysia Vasudevan, P. Susheela Kannadasan 4:34

Remakes[edit]

Year Film Language Cast Director
1978 Padaharella Vayasu Telugu Sri Devi, Chandramohan, Mohan Babu K. Raghavendra Rao
1979 Solva Sawan Hindi Sri Devi, Amol Palekar Bharathi Raja

In 2009, Kannada actor Ganesh stated that he and his wife had acquired the remake rights of 16 Vayathinile.[15]

Release[edit]

Reception[edit]

IndiaGlitz said, "Rajini as Parattai is as sly as a fox, Kamal as Chappani the innocent lad and Sridevi the attractive teacher give a enjoyable performance. You are sure to keep remembering "Pathavachitiye Parattai" after watching this movie."[16] Rediff wrote, "Bharati Raja in this lyrical film, forcibly dragged Tamil cinema from the stuffy confines of studio sets into the great outdoors. It heralded the coming of age, in more ways than one, of erstwhile child star Sridevi. The brilliant musical score of Ilayaraja who, seemingly inspired by the outdoors, turned in a medley of outstanding tunes.[17] Four years later, Rediff wrote, "Bharathiraja was also the producer and scriptwriter of this new genre of pastoral film, which was true to village life in characterisation, costumes and dialect".[17] Behindwoods wrote, "Bharathiraja’s raw and near perfect depiction of a village had two of Tamil cinema’s most memorable all time performances, Parattai and Chappani".[18]

16 Vayathinile is considered a cult classic [19][20][21][22] and landmark in Tamil cinema.[23][24] IBN Live included the film in its list of 100 greatest Indian films of all time.[25] In 2007, The Hindu asked eight Tamil directors to list ten films they like most. Seven of them, C. V. Sridhar, K. Balachander, J. Mahendran, K. Bhagyaraj, Mani Ratnam, K. S. Ravikumar and Ameer Sultan, named 16 Vayathinile as one of their favourite Tamil films.[26] Mani Ratnam stated, "‘16 Vayathinile’ is memorable for its script, high standard and realism.[26]

16 Vayathinile was spoofed in the 2012 film Murattu Kaalai.[27][28] The dialogue "Idhu eppadi irukku" spoken by Rajinikanth is very popular. In 2013, IANS included it in a list of dialogues popularised by Rajinikanth and wrote, "Rajini as the film's antagonist introduced us to one of the popular catch-phrases of a long forgotten era - "Idhu eppadi irukku?" (How's this?). This line was so admired that even after three decades since the film's release, it still lingers in the minds of the actor's fans".[29] Rediff also wrote, "He repeats the punchline 'Ithu eppadi irukku?'(How's that?) with lecherous glee to the delight of his fans. Repeated punchlines, merrily lapped up by the increasing multitude of his fans, became a part of Rajni's acting style and the trend continues to this day".[17] Behindwoods too made mention of it, "How often is the one liner delivered by a villain remembered and repeated for years? Rarely, if ever and it took one of Rajini’s finest performances to make this happen".[18]

Awards[edit]

National Film Awards
Filmfare Awards South
Tamil Nadu State Film Awards

References[edit]

  1. ^ IANS Oct 5, 2013, 12.05PM IST (2013-10-05). "Rajinikanth paid lesser than promised - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  2. ^ "16 Vayathinile". cinesouth. Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  3. ^ "A way of life | Frontline". Frontline.in. 2013-10-11. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  4. ^ by tcrcindia (2013-04-29). "RARE: Original LP record of Bharathiraja’s "16 Vayathinile," the first Tamil film to be shot completely outdoors | The Cinema Resource Centre (TCRC)". Tcrcindia.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-16. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  5. ^ A Sharadhaa - ENS (2013-10-23). "Yesterday, once more". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  6. ^ "When Kamal Haasan was paid 27000 and Rajini was paid 3000 as Salary". SS Music. 4 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Rajinikanth aka Rajnikanth and Kamal Haasan aka Kamal Hassan sterrer 16 vayathinile to release in Oc". Behindwoods.com. 2013-10-04. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  8. ^ "‘Rajini asked for Rs 5,000, and we paid only Rs 2,500’". Bangalore Mirror. 2013-10-09. Archived from the original on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  9. ^ Special Correspondent (2011-09-09). "Actor Kanthimathi dead". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2013-09-22. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  10. ^ "Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : "A good feature film must be remembered for time to come"". The Hindu. 2007-03-29. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  11. ^ "Man behind the 1970s wave | Frontline". Frontline.in. 2013-10-18. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  12. ^ TNN Oct 5, 2013, 12.00AM IST (2013-10-05). "When Sridevi spat on Rajinikanth! - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  13. ^ Articles : Movie Retrospect : Padaharella Vayasu - 1978 Archived December 19, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "16 Vayathinile songs". raaga. Archived from the original on 2013-12-05. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  15. ^ SHARADHA SRINIDHI, TNN Oct 23, 2009, 12.00am IST (2009-10-23). "I want to return to big screen: Ganesh - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  16. ^ "End of the world movies: - Tamil Movie News". Indiaglitz.com. 2012-12-20. Archived from the original on 2013-04-01. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  17. ^ a b c "Rajnikath, the villain". rediff.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 
  18. ^ a b "Rajini's finest moments on screen! - Behindwoods.com - Rajinikanth 16 Vayathinile Parattai Mullum Malarum Kali Ninaithale Inikkum Deepak Murattu Kalai Kalaiyan Thillu Mullu Indiran Chandran Sri Raghavendra Sri Raghavendra Moondru Mugam Alex Pandian Anbulla Rajinikanth Rajinikanth Thalapathi Surya Baasha Manick Baasha Chandramukhi Dr. Saravanan Billa tamil movie news images picture gallery images". Behindwoods.com. Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 
  19. ^ "The best of Kamal Haasan". rediff.com. Archived from the original on 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  20. ^ "Rajinikanth, Kamal Haasan's Cult Classic '16 Vayathinile' to Re-Release in October - International Business Times". Ibtimes.co.in. 2013-10-05. Archived from the original on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  21. ^ "Special » Tamil Cinema Classics – 16 Vayathinile". 600024.com. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  22. ^ "Rajinikanth, Kamal Hassan Salaries - Tamil Movie News". Indiaglitz.com. 2013-10-08. Archived from the original on 2013-10-10. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  23. ^ "Metro Plus Chennai / Cinema : Mother-son sentiment". The Hindu. 2007-04-26. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  24. ^ "Rajini & Kamal come together to promote '16 Vayathinile'". Sify.com. 2013-10-05. Archived from the original on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  25. ^ "100 Years of Indian Cinema: The 100 greatest Indian films of all time". IBN Live. Archived from the original on 2013-12-26. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  26. ^ a b "Filmmakers’ favourites". The Hindu. 2007-07-13. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  27. ^ M Suganth, TNN Jun 16, 2012, 10.36AM IST (2012-06-16). "Murattu Kaalai - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 
  28. ^ Mannath, Malini (2012-06-17). "'Murattu Kaalai' (Tamil)". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 
  29. ^ "Rajinikanth’s punchnama". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 

External links[edit]