16th Armored Division (United States)

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U.S. 16th Armored Division
16th US Armored Division SSI.svg
Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 16th Armored Division
Active 1943–1945
Country USA
Allegiance  United States of America
Branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Type Armored division
Nickname Armadillo
Engagements World War II
*Central Europe
Commanders
Notable
commanders
John L. Pierce
U.S. Armored Divisions
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The 16th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army in World War II.

Table of Organization[edit]

HHC

HHC/Combat Command A
HHC/Combat Command B
HHC/Combat Command R
5th Tank Battalion
16th Tank Battalion
26th Tank Battalion
18th Armored Infantry Battalion
64th Armored Infantry Battalion
69th Armored Infantry Battalion
HHB/16th AD Artillery
393th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
396th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
397th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
23rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron
516th Counterintelligence Corps Detachment
633rd Tank Destroyer Battalion (Attached 1 May – 14 June 1945)
571st Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion Attached 20 April, – 19 May 1945
HHC/16th AD Trains.
216th Armored Medical Battalion
137th Armored Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
16th Armored Military Police Battalion
216th Armored Engineer Battalion
156th Armored Signal Company

History[edit]

The division was activated on 15 July 1943 at Camp Chaffee in Arkansas. They performed all of their training at Camp Chaffee until they received their staging orders. They staged at Camp Shanks at Orangeburg, New York on 28 January 1945, until got their port call. They sailed from the New York Port of Embarkation on 5 February 1945.

The 16th Armored Division arrived in France in stages between 11 and 17 February 1945, and processed into the Theater. They had been assigned to the Fifteenth United States Army on 29 January 1945, but were waiting for an assignment to a unit actually involved in fighting.

The division was assigned to Third United States Army on 17 April 1945, and entered Germany on 19 April 1945 and relieved the 71st Infantry Division at Nürnberg on 28 April 1945. The 23rd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron participated in combat from the Isar River to Wasserburg with the 86th Infantry Division. While under the control of that organization, it crossed the Isar River at Granek, 30 April 1945, advanced to Indorf, seizing several small villages, and was driving toward Wasserburg against slight resistance when ordered to return to Nürnberg. The division was given a security and training mission at Nürnberg, Germany, until 5 May. When the 23rd Cavalry Squadron arrived at Nürnberg, 4 May, it reverted to the control of the 16th Armored. The division assembled and proceeded to Waidhaus, Germany, 5 May. The division was then assigned to V Corps, and attacked through the lines of the 97th Infantry Division on 6 May 1945, with Combat Command B (CCB) making the main effort. They advanced along the BorPilsen Road and launched an attack on Pilsen designed to capture the Skoda Munitions Plant, Czechoslovakia, on the same day. CCR advanced through Pilsen to assigned high ground east of the city. The 7 and 8 May were spent in mopping up activities and patrolling. The capture of the famous beer and munitions city marked the deepest point of American penetration into Czechoslovakia. In Brno, 25,000 German civilians were forced marched at gun-point to the Austrian border. There, the Austrian guards refused them entry, the Czech guards refused to re-admit them. Herded into an open field they died by the hundreds from hunger and cold before being rescued by the US 16th Tank Division on 8 May 1945.

The division was located at Stříbro, Czechoslovakia on VJ Day.

The division returned to the New York Port of Embarkation on 13 October 1945, was inactivated at Camp Kilmer in New Jersey on 15 October 1945.

Honors[edit]

Campaigns[edit]

Individual Awards[edit]

Commanders[edit]

Division artillery commander

Casualties[edit]

  • KIA: 4
  • WIA: 28
  • Died of Wounds: 1.

Association[edit]

  • 16th Armored Division Association
  • 2517 Connecticut Avenue
  • Washington, D. C.
  • (Mr. McArthur H. Manchester, secretary).
  • Publication: Pictorial Review;
  • by unit members;
  • Albert Love Enterprises,
  • Atlanta 2, Ga.;
  • 1944.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ORDER OF BATTLE: US Army in World War II; Shelby L. Stanton; 1984.
  • The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510–592.