16th New Zealand Parliament

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The 16th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It was elected at the 1905 general election in December of that year.

Changes to the electoral law[edit]

The 1903 City Single Electorates Act declared that at the dissolution of the 15th Parliament, the four multi-member electorates would be abolished and replaced each with three single-member electorates.[1] It was also the year absentee voting was introduced for all electors unable to be in their own electorate on election day. The first Chief Electoral Officer was appointed.

Accordingly, the multi-member urban electorates of City of Auckland, City of Christchurch, City of Dunedin and City of Wellington were abolished and replaced with the following single-member seats:

Nine of these twelve electorates had existed before. Wellington Central, Wellington North, and Dunedin North were established for the first time.[2]

1905 general election[edit]

The 1905 general election was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates, respectively.[3] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 38 represented North Island electorates, 38 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[4] 476,473 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 83.3%.[3]


The 16th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1906), and was prorogued on 29 October 1908.[5]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 27 June 1906 29 June 1906
second 21 August 1906 29 October 1906
third 27 June 1907 25 November 1907
fourth 29 June 1908 10 October 1908


The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891.[6] The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament.[7] The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906.[8] Seddon was travelling overseas at the time of his death, and William Hall-Jones was a reluctant acting Premier at the time. Joseph Ward would normally have been acting Premier, but he was also overseas.[9] So upon Seddon's death, Hall-Jones was sworn in as Prime Minister (the first time this new title was used) and formed the Hall-Jones Ministry on 21 June 1906.[9][10] Upon Ward's return from overseas, the leadership was offered to him, which he accepted. Hall-Jones resigned as Prime Minister, succeeded by Ward who formed the Ward Ministry on 6 August 1906.[9] The Ward Ministry remained in power for the remainder of the parliamentary term and subsequently until Ward's resignation as Prime Minister in 1912.[11][12]

Initial composition of the 16th Parliament[edit]

The following are the results of the 1905 general election:


 Liberal    New Liberal    Opposition    Ind. Labour League    Independent  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1905[13]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up Third place
General electorates
Ashburton John McLachlan 244 John Studholme Joseph Sealy
Hawera Charles E. Major 449 Felix McGuire Benjamin Robbins[nb 1]
Waipawa Charles Hall 1,254 George Hunter
Waitemata Ewen Alison 971 Cecil Clinkard
Wellington East (new electorate) John Aitken 19 William McLean David McLaren
Māori electorates
Southern Maori Tame Parata
Western Maori Henare Kaihau 1,688 Tureiti Te Heuheu Tukino V Eruera te Kahu

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Most sources list Robbins simply as 'Opposition', but some make reference to 'Independent Labour'
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place
Auckland Central (new electorate) Alfred Kidd L J Bagnall
Auckland East (new electorate) Frederick Baume H Bamford
Auckland West (new electorate) Charles Poole James Parr
Avon William Tanner William Tanner John Russell Brunt
Awarua Joseph Ward Joseph Ward H S Woodnorth
Bay of Islands Robert Houston Robert Houston J C Johnson
Bay of Plenty William Herries William Herries J Foster
Bruce James Allen James Allen W D Mason
Buller James Colvin James Colvin Frank Isitt
Caversham Thomas Sidey Thomas Sidey William Earnshaw
Chalmers Edmund Allen Edmund Allen W Pryor
Christchurch East (new electorate) Thomas Davey H F Toogood
Christchurch North (new electorate) Charles Gray Tommy Taylor
Christchurch South (new electorate) Harry Ell C H Winny
Clutha James Thomson Alexander Malcolm D Stewart
Courtenay Charles Lewis Charles Lewis T J McBride
Dunedin Central (new electorate) John A. Millar A S Adam
Dunedin North (new electorate) Alfred Richard Barclay Harry Bedford
Dunedin South (new electorate) James Frederick Arnold William Downie Stewart
Eastern Maori Wi Pere Apirana Ngata Wi Pere
Eden John Bollard John Bollard R French
Egmont William Thomas Jennings William Thomas Jennings C Leech
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes Heaton Rhodes G Rennie
Franklin William Massey William Massey William Wilson McCardle
Geraldine Frederick Flatman Frederick Flatman W Jeffries
Grey Arthur Guinness Arthur Guinness J Petrie
Grey Lynn George Fowlds George Fowlds J Farrell
Hawke's Bay William Russell Alfred Dillon William Russell
Hurunui Andrew Rutherford Andrew Rutherford Obed Frederick Clothier
Hutt Thomas Wilford Thomas Wilford G M Yerex
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Josiah Hanan I W Raymond
Kaiapoi David Buddo David Buddo R Moore
Kaipara Alfred Harding John Stallworthy Alfred Harding
Lyttelton George Laurenson George Laurenson William Radcliffe
Manawatu Job Vile John Stevens Job Vile
Manukau Matthew Kirkbride Matthew Kirkbride R D Stewart
Marsden Francis Mander Francis Mander Robert Thompson
Masterton Alexander Hogg Alexander Hogg J C Cooper
Mataura Robert McNab Robert McNab T MacGiddon
Motueka Roderick McKenzie Roderick McKenzie Frank Isitt
Mount Ida Alexander Herdman John MacPherson Alexander Herdman
Napier Alfred Fraser Alfred Fraser M W P Lascelles
Nelson John Graham John Graham Harry Atmore
Newtown William Henry Peter Barber William Henry Peter Barber Thomas William Hislop
Northern Maori Hone Heke Hone Heke Ru Reweti
Oamaru Thomas Young Duncan Thomas Young Duncan J Mitchell
Ohinemuri Edward George Britton Moss Hugh Poland Edward George Britton Moss
Oroua Frank Lethbridge Frank Lethbridge O C Pleasants
Otaki William Hughes Field William Hughes Field B P Brown
Pahiatua William Henry Hawkins Robert Beatson Ross William Henry Hawkins
Palmerston William Wood William Wood Frederick Pirani
Parnell Frank Lawry Frank Lawry M McLean
Patea Walter Symes Walter Symes John Hine
Rangitikei Arthur Remington Arthur Remington J R Sommerville
Riccarton George Witty George Witty Thomas Henson Caverhill
Selwyn Charles Hardy Charles Hardy Joseph Ivess
Southern Maori Tame Parata Tame Parata Hopere Uru
Taieri Donald Reid Donald Reid A Marshall
Taranaki Edward Smith Edward Smith Henry Okey
Thames James McGowan James McGowan M Fleming
Timaru William Hall-Jones William Hall-Jones Frank Rolleston
Tuapeka James Bennet James Bennet R Gilkison
Waiapu James Carroll James Carroll W L Clayton
Waikato Frederic Lang Henry Greenslade Frederic Lang
Waikouaiti Thomas Mackenzie Thomas Mackenzie Edward Henry Clark
Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby Walter Clarke Buchanan
Wairau Charles H. Mills Charles H. Mills John Duncan
Waitaki William Steward William Steward G Dash
Wakatipu William Fraser William Fraser Michael Gilfedder
Wallace John Charles Thomson John Charles Thomson D Macpherson
Wanganui Archibald Willis James Thomas Hogan Archibald Willis
Wellington Central (new electorate) Francis Fisher Patrick O'Regan
Wellington North (new electorate) Charles Hayward Izard John Duthie
Westland Richard Seddon Richard Seddon H Cowin

By-elections during 16th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 16th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Westland 1906 13 July Richard Seddon Death Tom Seddon
Manukau 1906 6 December Matthew Kirkbride[14] Death Frederic Lang[15]
Taranaki 1907 4 May Edward Metcalf Smith[16] Death Henry Okey[17]
Tuapeka 1908 5 June James Bennet Death William Chapple


  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 67.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 262, 276.
  3. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 40–41.
  8. ^ Hamer, David. "Seddon, Richard John - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c Hall-Jones, John. "Hall-Jones, William 1851-1936". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 42.
  11. ^ Bassett, Michael. "Ward, Joseph George 1856–1930". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  12. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 42–43.
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  14. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  15. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 119.
  16. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  17. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 130.


  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.