16th New Zealand Parliament
|Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament
|1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
Changes to the electoral law
The 1903 City Single Electorates Act declared that at the dissolution of the 15th Parliament, the four multi-member electorates would be abolished and replaced each with three single-member electorates. It was also the year absentee voting was introduced for all electors unable to be in their own electorate on election day. The first Chief Electoral Officer was appointed.
- Auckland Central
- Auckland East
- Auckland West
- Christchurch East
- Christchurch North
- Christchurch South
- Wellington Central
- Wellington East
- Wellington North
- Dunedin Central
- Dunedin North
- Dunedin South
Nine of these twelve electorates had existed before. Wellington Central, Wellington North, and Dunedin North were established for the first time.
1905 general election
The 1905 general election was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates, respectively. A total of 80 MPs were elected; 38 represented North Island electorates, 38 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 476,473 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 83.3%.
The 16th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1906), and was prorogued on 29 October 1908.
|first||27 June 1906||29 June 1906|
|second||21 August 1906||29 October 1906|
|third||27 June 1907||25 November 1907|
|fourth||29 June 1908||10 October 1908|
The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891. The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament. The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906. Seddon was travelling overseas at the time of his death, and William Hall-Jones was a reluctant acting Premier at the time. Joseph Ward would normally have been acting Premier, but he was also overseas. So upon Seddon's death, Hall-Jones was sworn in as Prime Minister (the first time this new title was used) and formed the Hall-Jones Ministry on 21 June 1906. Upon Ward's return from overseas, the leadership was offered to him, which he accepted. Hall-Jones resigned as Prime Minister, succeeded by Ward who formed the Ward Ministry on 6 August 1906. The Ward Ministry remained in power for the remainder of the parliamentary term and subsequently until Ward's resignation as Prime Minister in 1912.
Initial composition of the 16th Parliament
The following are the results of the 1905 general election:
|Electorate||Incumbent||Winner||Majority||Runner up||Third place|
|Ashburton||John McLachlan||244||John Studholme||Joseph Sealy|
|Hawera||Charles E. Major||449||Felix McGuire||Benjamin Robbins[nb 1]|
|Waipawa||Charles Hall||1,254||George Hunter|
|Waitemata||Ewen Alison||971||Cecil Clinkard|
|Wellington East||(new electorate)||John Aitken||19||William McLean||David McLaren|
|Southern Maori||Tame Parata|
|Western Maori||Henare Kaihau||1,688||Tureiti Te Heuheu Tukino V||Eruera te Kahu|
- Most sources list Robbins simply as 'Opposition', but some make reference to 'Independent Labour'
By-elections during 16th Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 16th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Westland||1906||13 July||Richard Seddon||Death||Tom Seddon|
|Manukau||1906||6 December||Matthew Kirkbride||Death||Frederic Lang|
|Taranaki||1907||4 May||Edward Metcalf Smith||Death||Henry Okey|
|Tuapeka||1908||5 June||James Bennet||Death||William Chapple|
- McRobie 1989, p. 67.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 262, 276.
- "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 40–41.
- Hamer, David. "Seddon, Richard John - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Hall-Jones, John. "Hall-Jones, William 1851-1936". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 42.
- Bassett, Michael. "Ward, Joseph George 1856–1930". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 42–43.
- "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 119.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.