|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1670s 1680s 1690s – 1700s – 1710s 1720s 1730s|
|Years:||1703 1704 1705 – 1706 – 1707 1708 1709|
|1706 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – England – Scotland –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2459|
|Bahá'í calendar||−138 – −137|
|English Regnal year||4 Ann. 1 – 5 Ann. 1|
|Chinese calendar||乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4402 or 4342
— to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4403 or 4343
|- Vikram Samvat||1762–1763|
|- Shaka Samvat||1628–1629|
|- Kali Yuga||4807–4808|
|Japanese calendar||Hōei 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||206 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2249|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1706.|
Year 1706 (MDCCVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Monday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
- March 27 – Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia has abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia.
- May 23 – Battle of Ramillies: English, Dutch, German, Swiss and Scottish troops led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, defeat the French.
- July 22 – Treaty of Union between Scotland and England agreed in London for ratification by the national legislatures.
- September 7 – War of Spanish Succession – Battle of Turin: Forces of Austria and Savoy defeat the French.
- October – Twinings founder, Thomas Twining, opens the first known tea room at 216 Strand, London, still open as of 2014[update].
- English Parliament establishes the first turnpike trusts which place a length of road under the control of trustees drawn from local landowners and traders. The turnpike trusts borrow capital for road maintenance against the security of tolls and this arrangement becomes the common method of road maintenance for the next 150 years.
- January 7 – Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)
- January 17 – Benjamin Franklin, American philosopher, founding father and inventor (d. 1790)
- January 28 – John Baskerville, English printer (d. 1775)
- March 6 – Sir George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)
- April 24 – Giovanni Battista Martini, Italian musician (d. 1784)
- May 17 – Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (d. 1780)
- May 20 – Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (d. 1777)
- June 10 – John Dollond, English optician (d. 1761)
- October 18 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (d. 1785)
- November 8 – Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)
- December 17 – Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1749)
- date unknown – James Abercrombie, British general (d. 1781)
- January 21 – Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (b. 1649)
- January 29 – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. 1638)
- February 27 – John Evelyn, English writer, gardener and diarist (b. 1620)
- March 1 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)
- March 3 – Johann Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1653)
- April 10 – Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
- August 23 – Edward Nott, British Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
- September 9 – Ferdinand de Marsin, Marshal of France (mortally wounded at the battle of Turin) (born 1656)
- October 13 – Iyasus I of Ethiopia (b. 1682)
- November 15 – Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama (b. 1683)
- December 9 – Peter II of Portugal (b. 1648)
- December 28 – Pierre Bayle, French philosopher (b. 1647)
- Byerley Turk, thoroughbred stallion (b. c.1684)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 204–205. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Icons, a portrait of England 1700-1750". Archived from the original on 17 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- Button, Henry G.; Lampert, Andrew P. (1976). The Guinness Book of the Business World. Enfield: Guinness Superlatives. ISBN 0-900424-32-X.