1706 in literature
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The year 1706 in literature involved some significant events.
- April 8 - George Farquhar's Restoration comedy The Recruiting Officer first performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, in London.
- May 23 - The Battle of Ramillies, a victory for the British and their allies under the Duke of Marlborough, inspires several poets.
- c. September - Daniel Defoe is sent to Edinburgh as a government agent to promote ratification of the Treaty of Union between England and Scotland.
- Philosopher Samuel Clarke attacks the views of Henry Dodwell on the immortality of the soul.
- Anonymous - The Arabian Nights' Entertainments (serial, the first English translation of One Thousand and One Nights, taken from the first French translation)
- Arthur Bedford - The Evil and Dangers of Stage-Plays
- Samuel Clarke - A Discourse Concerning the Unchangeable Obligations of Natural Religion
- Stephen Clay - An Epistle from the Elector of Bavaria to the French King
- Daniel Defoe
- An Essay at Removing National Prejudices Against a Union with Scotland
- A True Relation of the Apparition of one Mrs. Veal (attrib)
- John Dennis - Essay on the Operas after the Italian Manner
- White Kennett - The History of England from the Commencement of the Reign of Charles I to the End of William III
- John Locke - Posthumous Works of Mr John Locke
- Simon Ockley - Introductio ad linguas orientates
- John Philips - Cerealia: An imitation of Milton
- Matthew Prior - The Squirrel
- Jonathan Swift - Baucis and Philemon
- Thomas Tickell - Oxford
- Matthew Tindal - The Rights of the Christian Church Asserted
- Ned Ward - The London Spy
- Thomas Betterton - The Amorous Widow
- Susanna Centlivre - Love at a Venture
- Colley Cibber - Perolla and Izadora
- Catherine Trotter Cockburn - The Revolution of Sweden
- Antoine Danchet - Cyrus
- Thomas D'Urfey - Wonders in the Sun (opera)
- George Farquhar - The Recruiting Officer
- George Granville - The British Enchanters, or No Magic Like Love
- Delarivière Manley - Almyna, or The Arabian Vow
- Mary Pix (attr.) - The Adventures in Madrid
- Nicholas Rowe - Ulysses
- John Vanbrugh - The Mistake
- José de Cañizares - El pastelero de Madrigal
- Daniel Baker - The History of Job
- Richard Blackmore - An advice to the poets: a poem occasioned by the wonderful success of her majesty's arms, under the conduct of the duke of Marlborough in Flanders
- William Congreve - A Pindarique Ode. . . the Conduct of the Duke of Marlborough
- Daniel Defoe
- A Hymn to Peace
- Jure Divino (on divine right)
- The Vision (re National Union)
- John Dennis - The Battle of Ramillia
- William Harison - Woodstock Park
- Isaac Watts - Horae Lyricae
- José Tafalla y Negrete - Ramillete poético
- January 17 - Benjamin Franklin, polymath (died 1790)
- January 28 - John Baskerville, printer (died 1775)
- November 8 - Johann Ulrich von Cramer, philosopher (died 1772)
- November 14 - Benjamin Hoadly, Anglican bishop, initiator of the Bangorian controversy (died 1761)
- December 17 - Émilie du Châtelet, French writer and translator (died 1749)
- January - Ned Kynaston, actor (born c.1640)
- January 21 - Adrien Baillet, French critic (born 1649)
- February 27 - John Evelyn, diarist (born 1620)
- August 6 - Jean-Baptiste du Hamel, natural philosopher (born 1624)
- December 8 - Abraham Nicolas Amelot de la Houssaye, historian (born 1634)
- December 28 - Pierre Bayle, French philosopher (born 1647)
- date unknown
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Redgrave, Corin (2003-09-11). "My season with Sam". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- Rivers, Isabel (2004). "Watts, Isaac (1674–1748)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28888. Retrieved 2011-12-09. (subscription or UK public library membership required)