1709

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century18th century19th century
Decades: 1670s  1680s  1690s  – 1700s –  1710s  1720s  1730s
Years: 1706 1707 170817091710 1711 1712
1709 by topic:
Arts and Sciences
ArchaeologyArchitectureArtLiterature (Poetry) – MusicScience
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CanadaGreat BritainScotland
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1709 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1709
MDCCIX
Ab urbe condita 2462
Armenian calendar 1158
ԹՎ ՌՃԾԸ
Assyrian calendar 6459
Bahá'í calendar −135 – −134
Bengali calendar 1116
Berber calendar 2659
British Regnal year Ann. 1 – 8 Ann. 1
Buddhist calendar 2253
Burmese calendar 1071
Byzantine calendar 7217–7218
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth Rat)
4405 or 4345
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4406 or 4346
Coptic calendar 1425–1426
Discordian calendar 2875
Ethiopian calendar 1701–1702
Hebrew calendar 5469–5470
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1765–1766
 - Shaka Samvat 1631–1632
 - Kali Yuga 4810–4811
Holocene calendar 11709
Igbo calendar 709–710
Iranian calendar 1087–1088
Islamic calendar 1120–1121
Japanese calendar Hōei 6
(宝永6年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4042
Minguo calendar 203 before ROC
民前203年
Thai solar calendar 2252


Year 1709 (MDCCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

Events[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pain, Stephanie. "1709: The year that Europe froze." New Scientist, 7 February 2009.
  2. ^ Mott, R. A. (5 January 1957). "The earliest use of coke for ironmaking". The Gas World, coking section supplement 145: 7–18. 
  3. ^ Raistrick, Arthur (1953). Dynasty of Ironfounders: the Darbys and Coalbrookdale. London: Longmans, Green. p. 34. 
  4. ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 292. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  5. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  6. ^ Ober, Frederick A. (1912). Our West Indian Neighbors: the Islands of the Caribbean Sea. New York: James Pott & Company. p. 11. 
  7. ^ Jackson, Michael H. (1993). Galapagos: a Natural History. University of Calgary Press. ISBN 1-895176-07-7. 
  8. ^ Gardiner, Juliet; Wenborn, Neil (ed.) (1995). The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. p. 577. ISBN 1-85585-178-4. 
  9. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 207–208. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  10. ^ Majdalany, Fred (1959). The Red Rocks of Eddystone. London: Longmans. p. 86.