1709 in science

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The year 1709 in science and technology involved some significant events.

Meteorology[edit]

Physics[edit]

  • Francis Hauksbee publishes Physico-Mechanical Experiments on Various Subjects, summarizing the results of his many experiments with electricity and other topics.

Technology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pain, Stephanie (7 February 2009). "1709: the year that Europe froze". New Scientist. 
  2. ^ Luterbacher, Jürg; Dietrich, Daniel; Xoplaki, Elena; Grosjean, Martin; Wanner, Heinz (2004). "European Seasonal and Annual Temperature Variability, Trends, and Extremes Since 1500". Science 303 (5663): 1499–1503. doi:10.1126/science.1093877. 
  3. ^ Mott, R. A. (5 January 1957). "The earliest use of coke for ironmaking". The Gas World, coking section supplement 145: 7–18. 
  4. ^ Raistrick, Arthur (1953). Dynasty of Ironfounders: the Darbys and Coalbrookdale. London: Longmans, Green. p. 34. 
  5. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 292. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  6. ^ Rees, Nigel (1987). Why Do We Say ...?. ISBN 0-7137-1944-3. 
  7. ^ "The History of Umbrellas". Oakthrift Corporation. Retrieved 2011-12-22.