|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1680s 1690s 1700s – 1710s – 1720s 1730s 1740s|
|Years:||1709 1710 1711 – 1712 – 1713 1714 1715|
|1712 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2465|
|Bahá'í calendar||-132 – -131|
|British Regnal year||10 Ann. 1 – 11 Ann. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
4408 or 4348
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
4409 or 4349
|- Vikram Samvat||1768–1769|
|- Shaka Samvat||1634–1635|
|- Kali Yuga||4813–4814|
|Japanese calendar||Shōtoku 2
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||200 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2255|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1712.|
Year 1712 (MDCCXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar. In the Swedish calendar it began as a leap year starting on Monday and remained so until Thursday, February 29. By adding a second leap day (Friday, February 30) Sweden reverted to the Julian calendar and the rest of the year (from Saturday, March 1) was in sync with the Julian calendar. Sweden finally made the switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar in 1753.
- February 10 – A Huilliche rebellion begins in Chiloé Archipelago.
- February 30 – Sweden temporarily adopts February 30 as a day to adjust the Swedish Calendar back to the Julian calendar.
- May 19 – Peter the Great moves the capital of Russia from Moscow to St. Petersburg.
- May 22 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor crowned king of Hungary.
- July 24
- December 9 – Battle of Gadebusch: Sweden defeats Denmark and Saxony.
- The Treaty of Aargau is signed by Catholics and Protestants, establishing Protestant dominance in Switzerland, while preserving the rights of Catholics.
- The first known working Newcomen steam engine is built by Thomas Newcomen with John Calley to pump water out of mines in the Black Country of England, the first practical device to harness the power of steam to produce mechanical work.
- After many years of settlement, the "Town on Queen Anne's Creek" is established as a courthouse for Chowan County, North Carolina. The town is renamed Edenton in 1720 and incorporated in 1722.
- The VOC Zuytdorp is wrecked off the coast of Western Australia.
- John Arbuthnot creates the character of John Bull to represent Britain.
- January 17 – John Stanley, English composer (d. 1786)
- January 24 – King Frederick the Great of Prussia (d. 1786)
- January 28 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
- February 28 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (d. 1759)
- March 8 – John Fothergill, English physician (d. 1780)
- March 22 – Edward Moore, English writer (d. 1757)
- March 27 – Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779)
- May 13 – Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (d. 1772)
- June 21 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)
- June 28 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)
- October 5 – Francesco Guardi, Italian artist (d. 1793)
- October 12 – William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1801)
- October 14 – George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
- October 21 – Sir James Denham Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (d. 1780)
- November 25 – Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist and developer of signed French (d. 1789)
- December 11 – Francesco Algarotti, Italian philosopher (d. 1764)
- December 12 – Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (d. 1780)
- date unknown – Angélique du Coudray, French pioneer of modern midwifery (d. 1789)
- February 2 – Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician (b. c. 1638)
- February 18 – Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir to the throne of France (b. 1682)
- March 25 – Nehemiah Grew, English naturalist (b. 1641)
- April 11 – Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (b. 1638)
- April 27 – John Crowne, English playwright (b. 1641)
- April 30 – Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Protestant theologian (b. 1633)
- June 11 – Louis Joseph de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)
- July 1 – William King, English poet (b. 1663)
- July 12 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1626)
- July 26 – Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, English statesman (b. 1631)
- August 3 – Joshua Barnes, English scholar (b. 1654)
- August 18 – Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers, English soldier (b. c. 1660)
- August 29 – Gregory King, English statistician (b. 1648)
- September 9 – North Carolina Governor Edward Hyde (c. 1650-1712) (b. c. 1650)
- September 12 – Jan van der Heyden, Dutch painter (b. 1637)
- September 14 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French astronomer and engineer (b. 1625)
- September 15 – Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, English politician (b. c.1645)
- November 15
- date unknown – Baltacı Mehmet Pasha, Ottoman (Turkish) grand vizier (b. 1662)