1714 in literature
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The year 1714 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- March - The Scriblerus Club, an informal group of literary friends, is formed by Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, John Gay, John Arbuthnot (at whose London house they meet), Thomas Parnell, Henry St. John and Robert Harley.
- July 4 - Death of scholar Antonio Magliabechi; he bequeaths his personal library to his patron Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, to serve as a public library for the city of Florence, foundation of the National Central Library.
- July 27 - Robert Harley is dismissed as Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain.
- August 1 - George, elector of Hanover, becomes King George I of Great Britain following the death of Queen Anne. This places many writers in opposition to the new Whig ministry and brings about the rise of Robert Walpole and indictment of Henry St. John.
- Samuel Garth, poet and royal physician, is knighted by King George I of Great Britain.
- Esther Vanhomrigh pursues Jonathan Swift to Ireland.
- Moses ben Avraham Avinu is imprisoned in Halle for printing Hebrew texts with supposedly anti-Christian content, but escapes to Amsterdam
- John Arbuthnot
- A Continuation of the History of the Crown-Inn
- A Postscript to John Bull
- Daniel Defoe - A Secret History of the White-Staff (reporting allegations against Harley)
- William Diaper - An Imitation of the Seventeenth Epistle of the First Book of Horace
- Thomas Ellwood - The History of the Life of Thomas Ellwood
- Laurence Eusden - A Letter to Mr Addison, on the King's Accession to the Throne
- Abel Evans - Prae-existence: A poem, in imitation of Milton
- Sir John Fortescue - The Difference between an Absolute and a Limited Monarchy (written c.1473)
- John Gay - The Shepherd's Week
- Charles Gildon - A New Rehearsal (an attack on Pope, et al.)
- Anthony Hamilton - Memoirs of the Life of the Count de Grammont (transl. Abel Boyer)
- Samuel Jones - Poetical Miscellanies on Several Occasions
- William King et al. - The Persian and the Turkish Tales, Compleat
- Gottfried Leibniz - La Monadologie
- John Locke - The Works of John Locke (posth.)
- Bernard de Mandeville - The Fable of the Bees
- Delarivier Manley - The Adventures of Rivella; or, The History of the Author of the Atalantis (quasi-autobiography)
- Alexander Pope - The Rape of the Lock
- Nicholas Rowe - Poems on Several Occasions
- William Shakespeare - The Works of Mr William Shakespear (ed. Nicholas Rowe, 3rd edition)
- "Captain" Alexander Smith - The History of the Lives of the Most Noted Highway-men, Foot-pads, House-breakers, Shop-lifts, and Cheats...
- Richard Steele
- The Crisis
- The Englishman (collection and end of the periodical)
- The Lover (periodical)
- Mr Steele's Apology for Himself and his Writings
- Poetical Miscellanies (with contributions from Pope, Thomas Parnell, John Gay, Thomas Warton, Edward Young, and others)
- The Public Spirit of the Tories (attrib.: response to Swift)
- The Reader (periodical)
- Jonathan Swift
- The First Ode of the Second Book of Horace Paraphras'd
- The Public Spirit of the Whigs
- Ned Ward - The Field-Spy
- Edward Young - The Force of Religion
- Susanna Centlivre - The Wonder! A Woman Keeps a Secret
- Robert Hunter - Androboros
- Charles Johnson - The Victim
- Nicholas Rowe - The Tragedy of Jane Shore
- January 1 - Kristijonas Donelaitis, Prussian Lithuanian poet (died 1780)
- February 26 - James Hervey, English writer (died 1758)
- April 14 - Adam Gib, Scottish theologian (died 1788)
- May 6 - James Townley, English dramatist (died 1778)
- November 13 - William Shenstone, English poet (died 1763)
- December 16 (December 27 New Style) - George Whitefield, English preacher in the American colonies (died 1770)
- December - Jane Collier, English novelist (died 1755)
- date unknown
- January 17 - Gabriel Álvarez de Toledo, Spanish royal librarian and poet (born 1662)
- March 3 - Hans Carl von Carlowitz, German administrator, author of the first comprehensive treatise on forestry (born 1645)
- June 22 - Matthew Henry, Welsh Biblical commentator (born 1662)
- June 28 - Daniel Papebroch, Flemish Jesuit hagiographer (born 1628)
- July 4 - Antonio Magliabechi, Florentine librarian (born 1633)
- October 18 - Takemoto Gidayū, Japanese jōruri chanter and playwright (born 1651)
- November 4 - Christopher Rich, London theatre manager (born 1657)
- November 7 - Charles Davenant, English economist, son of Sir William Davenant (born 1656)
- December 15 - Silvester Jenks, English Catholic theologian and philosopher (born 1656)
- July 20 - The fictional event narrated in Thornton Wilder's novel The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1927) takes place.
- Rumbold, Valerie (2009). "Scriblerus Club (act. 1714)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-02-04. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 294. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Gerstle, Drew (2001). Chikamatsu: Five Late Plays. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 10–18.